A&PCH8

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Author:
Kcasabar
ID:
178800
Filename:
A&PCH8
Updated:
2012-10-22 16:13:41
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PCH8
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A&PCH8
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  1. What are the 3 types of joints?
    • Fibrous
    • Cartilaginous
    • Synovial Joints
  2. what type of joint is fibrous joints
    immovable
  3. what type of joints are synovial joints
    freely movable
  4. Which joint is the only one that has a joint cavity?
    Synovial
  5. Cartilagionous joints are what type of joint
    immovable AND slightly movable
  6. Examples of fibrous joint
    • sutures (skull)
    • ligament only conections (tibia-fibula)
  7. examples of cartilaginous joints
    • temp. epiphyseal plates
    • intervetebral discs
    • pubic symphysis
  8. examples of synovial joints
    • intertarsal
    • intercarpal
    • elbow, ankle
    • between phalanges
    • radius
    • atlas at dens
    • metacarpophalangeal "no, come here" (finger motion)
    • wrist
    • 1st carpometacarpal joint
    • hip, shoulder
  9. 6 types of freely movable joints
    • plane
    • inge
    • pivot
    • ellipsoid/condyloid
    • saddle
    • ball & socket
  10. synovial joint are composed of
    • articular cartilage
    • joint vavity
    • articular capsule
    • synovial fluid
    • reinforcing ligaments
    • nerves & ligaments
  11. what is a fibrocartilage dividing joint space?
    meniscus
  12. Function of meniscus
    • prevents side to side rocking of femur on tibia
    • abosrbs shock transmitted to knee joint
  13. what is a bag of synovial fluid ouside of joint cavity
    bursa
  14. what is the function of a bursa
    decrease friction between adjacent structures during joint activity
  15. what is an elongated bursa around a tendon
    • tendon sheath
    • like a bun around a hot dog
  16. what is the function of a tendon sheath
    decreases friction around tendon
  17. what tyme of movement involves intercarpal and intertarsal joints and between the flat articular processes of the vertebrae
    gliding movements
  18. types of movements that increase or decrease the angle between 2 bones
    angular movement
  19. a bending movement decreases the angle of the joint and brings the articulating bones closer together
    flexion
  20. bending head forward on the chest is an example of what type of movement
    flexion
  21. straightening a flexed neck, body trunk, elbow, or knee are examples of what type of movement
    extension
  22. raising the arm or thigh laterally is an example of what type of movement
    abduction (abduct = take away)
  23. spreading finger or toes apart is an example of what type of movement
    abduction
  24. "turning" backward
    supination
  25. "turning forward"
    pronation
  26. A "pro" basketball player pronates his or her forearm to dibble the ball
    pronation
  27. chewing is an example of what type of movement
    depression
  28. touching your thumb to the tip sof the other fingers on the same hand is an example of what type of movement
    opposition
  29. these joints are flat and allow only short nonaxial gliding movements
    plane joints
  30. what are types of plane joints
    • intercarpal and intertarsal joints
    • CARPALS AND TARSALS
    • joints between vertebral articular processes
  31. elbow joint is an example of what
    hinge joint
  32. proximal radioulnar joint is an example of what
    pivot joint
  33. carpometacarpal joint of thumb is an example of what
    saddle joint
  34. metacarpophalangeal joint is an example of what
    condyloid joint
  35. shoulder joint is an example of what
    ball & socket joint
  36. atlas and dens of axis which allows you to move your head from side to side to indicate "no" is an example of what type of joint
    • pivot joint
    • C1 moving on C2
  37. twiddling your thumbs is an example of what type of joint
    saddle joint
  38. a hip joint is an example of what type of joint
    ball and socket joint
  39. when bones are forced out of alignment. accompanied by sprains, inflammation, difficulty moving joint
    dislocation
  40. how to treat dislocations
    reduced - ends must be returned to their proper positions by MD
  41. ligaments of reinforcing a joint are stretched or torn
    sprain
  42. common sites of sprains
    • spine
    • ankle
    • knee
  43. inflammation of a bursa and is usually cause by a blow or friction
    bursitis
  44. inflammation of tendon sheaths cause by overuse
    tendonitis
  45. inflammation of joints
    arthritis
  46. "wear and tear" arthritis. articular cartilage can degenerate
    orsteoarthritis
  47. autoimmune inflammatory disorder
    rheumatoid arthritis
  48. excessive uric acid
    gout
  49. gout usually affects which area of the body
    one joint, often great toe
  50. an inflammatory disease caused by sprochete bacteria transmitted by the bites of ticks that live on mice and deer
    lyme disease
  51. symptoms of lyme disease
    • skin rash
    • flue-like symptoms
    • foggyt hinkingy
    • if untreated - neurological disorders and irregular pulse
  52. What are examples of hinge joints
    • elbow
    • distal tibia
    • talus
  53. Which type of synovial joint is often spraind by ahtletes
    saddle joint

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