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regulates the development of biologics such as vaccines
regulates the development and approval of animal topical pesticides
Exra lable drugs
drugs that have more than one use ie ivermection
Central Nervous system
Brain and Spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic nervous system (voluntary)
- Autonomic nervous system
2 Parts of the Atomatic nervous system
- Sympathetic nervous system (RUN!)
- ~Adrenergic ~Fight or flight
- Parasympathetic nervous system
- cholinergic “SLUD”
afferent vs efferent nerves
- Afferent refers to pathways leading to the cortex (ie, sensory).
- Efferent are pathways leading away (ie, motor). You are *affected* by a
- situation, you *effect* change on someone else.
To stimulate heart beat during arrest
Promote vasoconstriction during bleeding
Treat urinary incontinence
Treat glaucoma (decrease aqueous humor)
- Examples include PPA for urinary incontinence and xylazine (alpha-2 agonist) for
Adrenergic blocking agents
To block the sympathetic system
Examples include yohimbine and acepromazine
Xylazine is an alpha-2 agonist which can be reversed with Yohimbine (alpha-2 antagonist) or Atipamezole (Antisedan).
Meperidine (Demerol) is an opioid agonist that can be reversed with Naloxone (Narcan, an opioiod antagonist.)
- Medetomidine (Domitor) is an alpha adrenergic
- drug that can often be reversed with Atipamezole (Antisedan).
Central nervous system drugs
Neuroleptanalgesics (fentanyl and droperidol)
Seizure inhibitories (Valium, phenobarbital)
Euthanasia (pentobarbital sodium)
Active and Passive immunity
Active immunity- immunity that occurs by an animal’s own immune response after exposure to foreign antigen.
Passive immunity- immunity that occurs by administration of antibody produced in another individual.
Example of each...
Example of active immunity: getting the chicken pox, receiving a vaccine
- immunity: colostrum. Receiving a blood
- transfusion with needed antibodies to a certain disease.
Innate immunity cells and Adsptive cell examples
- the immune system that is set up in
- your body already to attack foreign things—example, neutrophils, basophils—they are
Adaptive cell - T cell
Innate immune system vs Adaptive ammunity
- Innate immunity is responsible for attacking
- the foreign body or bacteria that has never been seen before
Adaptive immunity remembers past infections or responds to vaccines
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