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  1. biomes-
    large areas of land that have similar climate and organisms living with in the area
  2. biomes have similar _______ and ________
    • climate 
    • organisms
  3. 2 factors that determine climate arae
    temperature and precipitation
  4. precipatation-
    the process of changing a gas (vapor) in to a liquid
  5. name the 7 forms of precipatation
    rain, sleet, snow, hail, frost, dew, mist
  6. what are the two main biomes
    terrestrial and aquatic
  7. what does terrestrial mean
    land
  8. what does aquatic mean
    water
  9. what are the 7 land biomes
    desert, grassland, deciduous forest, temperate rainforest, tropical rainforest, taiga, tundra
  10. what are the three water biomes
    freshwater, saltwater, estuary
  11. what is the driest biome
    desert
  12. desert precipatation...
    less than 25 cm a year
  13. desert temperature....
    above 100 degrees F during the day to below freezing at night
  14. name three examples of deserts
    gobi, sahara, death valley
  15. desert organisms are highly adapted to what?
    extreme conditions
  16. when are most desert animals active
    at night
  17. what do desert animals do during the day
    burrow
  18. desert animals camaflauge with _______ ______
    sandy soil
  19. desert animals have adaptations for ______ across the _____ _____
    • walking
    • hot sand
  20. how many top predators are in the desert
    few
  21. most desert animals _____ and _______
    small and compact
  22. desert plants typically have _____ roots rather than _______ 
    • tap
    • fibrous
  23. what do desert plant roots do
    reach deep in to the earth for water
  24. desert plants have the ability to ______ water 
    conserve
  25. desert plants have the ability to conserve ________
    water 
  26. desert plants use very little water for what
    every day cell processes 
  27. what do desert plants lack
    leaves
  28. water usually evaporates from plants through their _____
    leaves
  29. water usually _______ from plants through their leaves
    evaporates
  30. grassland precipatation...
    25-75 cm a year
  31. do grasslands receive more or less precipatation than a desert
    more
  32. what are 5 other names for a grassland
    prairie, savanna, plain, steppe, chapperel
  33. describe grassland summers
    long and hot
  34. grasslands suffer from what
    severe flooding and extreme drought
  35. when does the severe flooding occur in a grassland
    during monsoon season
  36. name three examples of a grassland
    nebraska, oklahoma, africa
  37. what do grasslands lack
    trees
  38. grasslands tend to be what due to lack of trees
    windy
  39. what is the main plant life in a grassland
    different types of grasses
  40. irregular amounts of precipatation in a grassland prevent the _______ of _______
    • development
    • forests
  41. irregular amounts of what in a grassland prevent the developement of forest
    precipatation
  42. what are the 4 dominant plant species in a grassland
    corn, barley, wheat, oats
  43. what are the 9 dominant animal species in a grassland
    cows, zebras, giraffes, elephants, gazzeles, insects, lions, rodents, snakes
  44. what are the soils like in a grassland
    deep
  45. what often happens to the soil in a grassland
    overgrazed and overfarmed using up valuable minerals in the soil
  46. animals must be able to adapt to the extreme changes in the ________________ or else ____
    • amount of precipatation 
    • die
  47. what kinds of trees do deciduous forests contain
    deciduous
  48. what are deciduous trees
    trees that shed (lose) their leaves during the fall and get new ones in the spring
  49. most deciduous forests have _____ distinct seasons. they are........
    • 4
    • summer, fall, winter, spring
  50. deciduous forest precipatation.....
    75-100 cm a year
  51. deciduous forest temperature.....
    below freezing to 30 degrees C or more
  52. what is the soil like in a deciduous forest
    moist and fertile
  53. what biome do we live in
    temperate deciduous forest
  54. where can u find a decduous forest
    most of the east coast of the us
  55. where is one of the most well known places for leaf looking
    new hampshire
  56. name 5 plants in a deciduous forest
    oak trees, maple trees, dogwoods, poplar trees, hickory trees
  57. name 7 animals in a deciduous forest 
    foxes, deer, raccoons, opossums, squirrels, skunks, turkey
  58. all areas located near the equator are reffered to as _______
    tropical
  59. which is hotter? tropical or temperate
    tropical
  60. temperate regians are
    located above the tropic of cancer and below the tropic of capricorn
  61. polar
    areas closest to the north or south poles
  62. name the three regions in order like they are on a globe
    • polar
    • temperate
    • tropical
    • tropical
    • polar
  63. what are the two kinds of rainforests
    tropical and temperate
  64. temperate rainforest temperatue....
    9 degrees C to 12 degrees C
  65. temperate rainforest precipatation......
    200-400 cm a year
  66. temperate rainforest :
    jurassic  park
  67. plants in a deciduous forest have ________ structures instead of _________
    • needle like 
    • leaves
  68. name 8 examples of plants in a temperate rainforest
    cedar, firs, redwood, spruce, yew, sequoia, ferns, mosses
  69. name 4 animals in a temperate rainforest
    spotted owl, bobcat, black bears, cougars
  70. what is naother name for a tropical rainforest
    jungle
  71. what is the temperatue in a tropical rainforest
    25 degrees C
  72. tell me something about the temperature in a tropical rainforest
    remains fairly constant
  73. tropical rainforests have _____ temperatures due to the ____________________
    • warm
    • proximity to the equator
  74. which biome has the greatst diversity of life
    tropical rainforest
  75. there are over ________ species of trees in a tropical rainforest
    3000
  76. new organisms are being identifed how often
    daily
  77. name 7 examples of animals in a tropical rain forest
    monkeys, exotic birds, tree frogs, boa constrictors, tarantula, tapir, tiger
  78. describe the soil in a tropical rainforest
    poor. because of the large numbers of decomposers who feed off of the dead organisms and recyvle the nutrients back to growing plants. also a result of erosion which washes away the soil
  79. what is another name for taiga
    coniferous forest
  80. conifer-
    cone bearer
  81. example of conifer is
    evergreens
  82. where do evergreens have their seeds
    inside of a cone
  83. name 5 examples of plants in a taiga
    pine trees, cedars, firs, sequoia, redwoods
  84. what are the winters like in a coniferous forest
    long and cold with lots of snow
  85. what are the summers like in a taiga
    short and cool
  86. taiga temperature... 
    -16 degrees C to 23 degrees C
  87. where is the taiga located
    below the tundra regions in north america
  88. give three examples of taigas
    michigan, canada, wiscinsin
  89. describe the soil in a coniferous forest
    shallow and acidic. 
  90. what thrives in taiga soil
    evergreens
  91. name 7 examples of animals in a taiga
    moose, mink, caribou, wolves. salamanders, ducks, bear
  92. what is another name for a tundra
    frozen desert
  93. describe the winters in a tundra
    long and harsh. last 6 to 9 months
  94. what are tundra summers like
    short
  95. do tundras receive little or a lot of precipatation
    little
  96. many compare a tundra to a what
    desert
  97. why do they compare a tundra to a desert
    very little precipatation
  98. tundra precipatation....
    less than 25 cm a year
  99. permafrost-
    permanatly frozen soil
  100. what is the tundra covered with most of the year
    ice
  101. where can u find a temperate rainforest
    northern parts of california, oregon, and washington
  102. how much rain does a taiga receive a year
    50 cm
  103. where are tundras located
    near the poles of the earth
  104. are tundras treeless?
    yes
  105. what is the average temperature for a tundra
    -12 degrees C
  106. what are the most common plant like organisms in a tundra?
    lichens and mosses
  107. name 6 animals in the tundra
    artic fox, lemmings (penguins), polar bears, caribou, reindeer, wolves
  108. describe the soil in a tundra
    thin and thaws slightly during the summer. permafrost (its frozen). the poor soil contains few nutrients due to the fact that dead things decompose slowly in cold climates
  109. within each water biome are.....
    smaller ecosystems
  110. temperatures with water bimoes...
    dependant upon location to latitude zones, elevation, and other environmental factors
  111. what speed of water do freshwaters have
    fast and slow
  112. name 2 examples of fast moving freshwater
    rivers, streams
  113. name 2 slow moving bodies of freshwater
    ponds and lakes
  114. what does the water temperature have to do with organism survival
    the faster the cooler, the cooler the more dissolved oxygen for organisms to breathe
  115. name three examples of freshwater 
    lake lanier, lake superior, lake michigan
  116. what are 3 other names for freshwater biomes
    wetlands, bogs, swamps
  117. why are wetlands important
    critical for clening water, recycling the nutrients, provide nesting and breeding grounds for a vaariety of organiasms
  118. name two examples of wetlands
    okefenokee swamp, everglades
  119. what are three other names for saltwater biome
    marine, ocean, sea
  120. what percent of saltwater is salt
    33
  121. what levels (depths) of the ocean do organisms live?
    all
  122. what do you find near the the surface of a saltwater biome
    photosynthesizers
  123. photosynthesizers-
    organisms that undergo photosynthesis
  124. name 7 examples of organisms that live near the surface (photosynthesizers)
    plankton, kelp, seaweed, coral, sea anemone, oysters, small fish
  125. name 4 organisms that live in the middle region of the ocean
    whales, sharks, schools of fish, sea tortoises
  126. name two examples of saltwater 
    atlantic ocean, red sea
  127. what are two exqmples of saltwater plants
    turtle grass, eel grass
  128. what is seaweed
    a protist
  129. estuary-
    a place where saltwater and freshwater mix
  130. name three other names for an estuary
    harbor, bay, delta
  131. what do estuary organisms have to be able to adapt to
    the changing salinity in the water
  132. name 7 examples of estuary organisms
    bull shark, crocodile, sea oats, mangrove trees, fish turtles, birds
  133. why are estuaries important
    breeding and nesting grounds and tend to be fertile environments  because nutrients are constanty being washed downstream and deposited as they hit the ocean.
  134. example of an estuary......
    where the mississippi meets the gulf of mexico
  135. what are two types of tundra? 
    alpine and polar
  136. what are the two ecosystems in a rain forest biome
    treetop and forest floor
  137. does alpine tundra have permafrost
    yes
  138. a savanna has _______ rains and _______ trees
    • seasonal
    • scattered
  139. which biome receives the least amount of precipatation
    desert
  140. what is a major abiotic feature in freshwater ecosystems
    speed of water
  141. how  do lakes become forests
    over time sediments decaying plant and animal matter build up in a lake. eventually the lake may fill completely and become a forest
  142. what are some adaptations that organisms may have in water biomes
    adaptations to the rocky surface or the speed of the water
  143. the temperature and precipatation in a water biome are dependant upon _______
    location
  144. what are three abiotic features that affect marine ecosystems
    water temperatures, water depth, amount of light that passes iinto the water
  145. tundra temperature...
    -12 degrees C
  146. tundra precipatation.....
    less than 25 cm a year
  147. 3 dominant plants in tundra...
    lichens, mosses, grasses
  148. 3 domintant animals in tundra...
    wolves reindeer carbou
  149. location of tundra...
    near the poles of the earth
  150. tundra AKA.....
    frozen desert
  151. adaptations in a tundra..
    thick, protective fur
  152. why is tundra soil poor
    dead things decompose slowly in cold weather
  153. taiga temperature... 
    -16 to 23 degrees C
  154. taiga precipatation.....
    35 to 75 cm a year
  155. 3 dominant plants in taiga
    evergreens, firs, cedars
  156. taiga location....
    canada
  157. taiga AKA...
    coniferous forest
  158. 3 desert plants....
    barrell cactus, saguaro cactus, joshua tree
  159. 3 desert animals...
    kangaroo rats, jack rabbits, spadefoot toad
  160. desert location...
    sahara
  161. conifer-
    cone bearer
  162. why does taiga have bad soil
    shallow and acidic
  163. name 3 adaptations for desert organisms
    camoflauge with sandy soil, small and coompact, plants can conserve water
  164. deciduous trees-
    trees that shed their leaves in the fall and get new ones in the spring 
  165. why does a rainforest have poor soil
    too many decomposers and erosion
  166. organisms that can produce light
    bioluminscent
  167. grassland temperature...
    • summer: 30 degrees C
    • winter: 0 degrees C
  168. MATCH IT

    1. estuary                                
    2. tropical
    3. polar
    4. temperate
    5. biome
    6. precipatation 
    7. permafrost
    8. salinity
    9. conifer
    10. deciduous

    a) processs of changing a gas to a liquid
    b) area of land located above the tropic of cancer and below the tropic of capricorn
    c) trees that lose (shed) their leaves
    d) large areas of land that have similar climate and organisms
    e) the amount of salt in water
    f) areas located near the poles of the earth; cold temperatures exist in this reason
    g) a place where saltwater and freshwater meet
    h) areas located near the equator; extreme warm temperatures exist in this reason
    i) permantly frozen soil
    j) evergreens; trees with seeds in cones and needles 
    • 1 g
    • 2 f
    • 3 h
    • 4 b
    • 5 d
    • 6 a
    • 7 i
    • 8 e
    • 9 j
    • 10 c
  169. saltwater precipatation...
    50 cm of rain a year
  170. saltwater temperature...
    • average temp around 72 degrees F near savanna, GA 
    • temp varies dependant upon location
  171. freshwater precipatation...
    6 inches a year
  172. freshwater temp.....
    varies based on location
  173. match it!

    1. tundra
    2. desert
    3. grassland
    4. deciduous forest
    5. rainforest
    6. taiga

    a. less than 25 cm a year; -12 degrees C
    b. 75- 150 cm a year; below freezing to 30 degrees C
    c. 23 to -16 degrees C; 50 cm of rain a year
    d. less than 25cm a year; freexing at night and above 100 degrees f during the day
    e. 200-600 cm a year; temp ranges from 9 to 25 degrees C dependant on proximity to equator
    f. 25- 75 cm of raiin a year; -35 to 30 degrees C 
    • 1a
    • 2d
    • 3f
    • 4b
    • 5e
    • 6c
  174. 1. estuary
    2. taiga
    3. freshwater
    4. grassland
    5. tundra
    6. saltwater
    7. deciduous forest
    8. desert
    9. rainforest

    a. whales, sharks, tortises, tuna, coral
    b. deer, fox, opossum, raccoon, squirrel 
    c. caribou, wolves, lemmimgs, ptarmigan
    d. moose, elk, bobcaats, spotted owl
    e.monkeys, parrots, anaconda, tiger
    f. mice, snakes, buffalo, gazelle, giraffe
    g. crocodile, turtles, cranes, bull shark
    h. bass, trout, trutles, crayfish, frogs
    i. scorpion, lizards, kangaroo rat, camel
    • 1 g
    • 2 d
    • 3 h
    • 4 f
    • 5 c
    • 6 a
    • 7 b
    • 8 i
    • 9 e
  175. 1.tundra
    2.deciduous forest
    3.saltwater
    4.taiga
    5.estuary
    6.desert
    7.freshwater
    8.rainforest
    9.grassland

    a.oaks hickory maple poplar
    b.corn wheat oats barley rye
    c.redwoods sequoia cedar fir hemlock
    d.mosses lichens dwarf willow small shrubs
    e. kapok tree lilianas vine raffelasia
    f.sea oats saw palmeto eel grass mangrove trees
    g.kelp seaweed sargasso
    h.saguaro cactus barrel cactus octillo prickley pear
    i. cattails duckweed moss water lilies
    • 1d
    • 2a
    • 3g
    • 4c
    • 5f
    • 6h
    • 7i
    • 8e
    • 9b
  176. 1.tundra
    2.taiga
    3.desert
    4.deciduous forest
    5. saltwater
    6.estuary
    7.freshwater
    8.rainforest
    9.grassland

    a.sahara, gobi, sonoran
    b.lake lanier, great lakes, okefenokee swamp
    c.eastern coast of the us, gainesville ga
    d.alaska, antartica
    e.oklahoma, kansas, africa
    f.mississippi meets gulf of mexico
    g.canada, wisconsin, michigan
    h.atlantic, gulf of mexico, pacific, indian
    i.south america, amazon
    • 1d
    • 2g
    • 3a
    • 4c
    • 5h
    • 6f
    • 7b
    • 8i
    • 9e

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