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order of elements in a sentence
I never want it. I am never tired
the way in which we use language in context
"Give it back" say to brother but not to teacher
the language first learned
Instructed second language learning: learning a second language through instruction
- A learner's developing second language
- May have characterisitcs of learner's first language, characteristics of second language
Some features in a learner's language may stop changing
meaning, or reference of words
"Every boy likes a girl"
"I made you go there" vs "With the cake I made, you go there"
- A simple word is a morpheme (ie. book)
- Grammatical morphemes refer to smaller units added to words to alter their meaning (ie. -s in 'books')
Any language other than the first language learned
Learning a second language through catural interaction
Zone of proximal development
The metaphorical place in which a learner is capable of a higher level of performance because there is support from interaction with an interlocutor.