Tech 201 Ch 10 - Truth, Beauty, and Goodness

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rolandtc
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Tech 201 Ch 10 - Truth, Beauty, and Goodness
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2012-10-22 19:18:54
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Tech 201 Ch 10
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  1. This type of philosophy:
    Rooted in Classical Greek Philosophy
    Influenced by decades of war (Persian, Peloponnesain, Macedonian).
    Shift from a city-state mentality to one that was more cosmopolitanpeople
    were looking for a way of life that made sense out of everything
    Largely a reactionary philosophy
    Hellenistic philosophy
  2. Who was the founder of Cynicism?
    Antisthenes
  3. He believed that virtue demanded withdrawal from a world that was immoral and corrupt
    Antisthenes
  4. Avoided worldliness
    Possessions
    Fame
    Satiation of appetites
    Social drop-outs
    Cynics
  5. sought knowledge, but suspended judgmentIt was said that they “asserted nothing but only opined.”
    Saw truth claims as being based on premises that are themselves subject to verification
    Founder: Pyrrho
    Skeptics
  6. Founder: Zeno (stoa=porch)
    Philosophical reasoning (logos) was the best way of life.
    Removed emotions from reason (apathea), but weren’t uncaring or indifferent
    All reality is composed of the things that act (spirit) and things to be acted upon (matter).
    Believed that a divine force (logos) pervaded all reality.
    Equated the Logos with GodVirtue & Happiness consists in discovering the Logos and living in harmony with it.
    The phrase “In him we live and move and have our being” (Acts 17:28) was from Cleanthes, one of the original founders of Stoicism
    Stoics
  7. Which philosophy had a strong influence on the later Greeks, Romans, Jews and Christians
    Stoicism
  8. Philosophy/Science (Descended from Aristotle)
    Used science (reason & observation)
    Senses were a valid source of knowledge
    Emotion was a way of evaluating knowledge
    Center of science moved to Alexandria
    Alexandrian scientists strongly supported Aristotle
    Athens was left a second-rate center of learning
    Science had a difficulty and motivating ethical behavior
    Parapatetics
  9. Disciples gathered in his garden (philosophy of the Garden)
    Authored ~300 scrolls, but little has survived.
    Avoided worldliness beyond what was sufficient for one’s needs
    Reason must conform to experiences of the senses.
    No belief in the gods
    No belief in life after death
    All things (visible and invisible) composed of eternal indestructible atoms operating by natural laws
    Happiness is achieved through virtue
    Epicureans
  10. How did the Epicureans believe happiness was best achieved?
    • avoiding pain
    • contemplating beautiful things
    • Friendships
    • Good health
    • Freedom from drudgery
  11. Where do we get our moral sense?
    • Genetics (hard-wired in our brain)?
    • Cultural influences (role models, tecahings, etc.)?
    • Trial and error(school of hard knocks)?
    • The Light of Christ (enlightens everyone born into the world)?
  12. What were the two main Jewish sects?
    • Pharisees
    • Sadducees
  13. Jewish sect that were strict observers of the law; began the Rabbinic educational tradition/
    Pharisees
  14. Jewish sect that were more upper-class rulers and acculturated to Greek lifestyle
    Sadducees
  15. How did the Pharisees feel about the Sadducees?
    They were too hellenized
  16. _________ wanted religious freedom; _______ wanted national freedom.
    • Pharisees
    • Sadducees
  17. With destruction of temple in 70 AD, _________ disappeared.
    Sadducees
  18. __________ recognized obedience as   the only acceptable sacrifice.
    Pharisees

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