A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud, that emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts.
In Vienna, Austria Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), an obscure neurologist, would listen to his pateints' reports of depression, nervousness, and obsessive habits. He was convinced symptoms were from mental causes rather than physical ones. He concluded thier distress was due to conflicts and emotional traumas that had occured in early childhood and that were too threatening to be remembered consciously.
Freud argued that beneath lies the unconscious part of the mind, containing unrevealed wishes, passions, guilty secrets, unspeakable yearnings, and conflicts between desire and duty.
Which school of psychological thought does this describe?