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Why was Britain needing money?
French and Indian war cost a lot
Needed money to pay for protecting and defending the colonies
So they TAXED the colonies
Who was Britain's Prime Minister (President)
Who is King George III
King of Britain
What is Parliament?
Law makers of Britain (like the US Senators)
What was the Stamp Act of 1765?
Tax for anything printed (such as newspapers, playing cards)
Who is Patrick Henry?
He gave brave speeches about the colonists rights.
Courage to stand up and say what he believed.
Who said, "No taxation without representation"
What was the Stamp Act Congress
Group of colonists who met in New York and voted to repeal (cancel) the Stamp Act
What does Join or Die mean?
Colonies should work together
Who was Samuel Adams?
Started Sons of Liberty
What was the Sons of Liberty?
Group to burn stamps
Threatened the Stamp Agents
Dumped tea in Boston Harbor for Tea Party
What does a Stamp Agent do?
Collect (taxes) money due for the Stamp
What was the Townshend Act?
Britain started taxing the colonies on imported items
What is boycott?
Refusing to buy goods or items from Britain
Who is Mercy Otis Warren?
Female writer who encouraged people to boycott Britain
What was the Daughters of Liberty?
Colonists who helped make things (cloth and fabric) so you wouldn't have to buy them from Britain.
What did the taxes do to the colonies?
Made them work together (cooperation) against Britain
What did the Daughters of Liberty and the Sons of Liberty have in common?
Patriots (supporters of the colonies)
What happened after the Townshend Act?
1. The colonies had a boycott for items from Britain
2. British businesses lost money
3. Made Britain mad and they sent war ships
What was the Boston Massacre?
British soldiers killed 5 people in Boston
Who was Crispus Attucks?
Slave killed in the Boston Massacre
Who was John Adams?
Cousin of Samuel Adams.
Lawyer for the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre
What was the Tea Act?
Britain told the colonies they had to:
1. ONLY buy their tea from the East India Company
2. Colonists had to pay tax on the tea
What was the Committee of Correspondence?
Started by Samuel Adams
Colonies would write letters to tell each other what was happening
Created Express Riders
Who was Paul Revere?
Express Rider who could ride the fastest and farthest to deliver the letters and messages from one colony to another
What was the Boston Tea Party?
Sons of Liberty dressed like Indians and dumped tea in the Boston Harbor
What did Britain think of the Boston Tea Party?
They were MAD...
1. sent soldiers to Boston
2. sent Thomas Gage (British Army General)
3. Port (Harbor) closed until they paid for the tea
What were the Intolerable Acts?
Laws passed by Britain to punish the Colonies
What were the 2 sides the Colonists were divided?
Patriots - opposed (or against) Britain
Loyalists - supported Britain
What was the First Continental Congress?
Representatives from all colonies except Georgia who met in Philadelphia
George Washington was there
What was decided in the First Continental Congress?
1. Stop ALL trade with Britain
2. Train the militia (volunteer army - called Minutemen
Who were the Minutemen?
Militia - The name of the voluteer army
Who said,"Give me Liberety of Give me Death"?
What happened on April 18, 1775?
Paul Revere's Ride to warn the militias in Lexington that the British weere coming
Who joined Paul Revere to go to Concord and tell of the British invasion?
William Dawes (escaped in woods) and Samuel Prescott (made it to Concord)
Who was John Parker?
Captain of the Lexington Minutemen
What was the first Battle of the American Revolution?
Battle of Lexington and won by the British
"Shot heard round the world"
What was the Battle at North Bridge in Concord?
The Patriots defeat the British
What is the American Revolution?
War Americans fought for independence
What was the Battle of Bunker Hill?
British attacked 3 times on Breed's Hill and finally won but it took them three tries
July 4, 1776?
Declaration of Independence from Great Britain
Second Contental Congress
One year later they met in Philadelphia
Formed the Continental Army
What did George Washington do in the American Revolution?
Leader of the Minutemen and named the General and Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army
What was the Olive Branch Petition
Letter sent by Congress to King George III
If more freedom then we will stay loyal to Britain and avoid war
King refused to read it
Patriot writer who published pamphlet called "Common Sense" to encourage people to declare independence and part with Great Britain
Richard Henry Lee
Member of Congress from Virginia who asked for vote of independence from Great Britain
Author of Declaration of Independence (2 weeks)
Declaration of Independence
Everyone is created equal
People are born with certain unalienable rights (can't be taken away given by our Creator, God)
People should control the Government not the Government controlling the people
taxing was wrong
What is a traitor?
Person who works against their country
(King George III wouldn't like the signers of the Declaration)
Name some Patriots?
- George Washington
- Thomas Jefferson
- Paul Revere
- Samuel Adams
- John Hancock
- Samuel Prescott