ANAT/PHYS 1

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cuppie143
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17923
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ANAT/PHYS 1
Updated:
2010-05-05 14:00:36
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ANAT PHYS
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CHAPTER 1 THE HUMAN BODY
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  1. anatomy
    study of the structure of the body parts
  2. physiology
    concerns the functioning of the body's structural machinery
  3. Complementarity
    form relates to fuction; study both together.
  4. Gross Anatomy
    aka macroscopic anatomy
    study of large body structures
  5. GROSS ANATOMY
    (3 Types)
    • -REGIONAL ANATOMY
    • -SYSTEMIC ANATOMY
    • -SURFACE ANATOMY
  6. REGIONAL ANATOMY
    STRUCTURES PART OF THE BODY (LEG, ABDOMEN....)
  7. SYSTEMIC ANATOMY
    THE ANATOMY OF A SYSTEM (EX: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM)
  8. SURFACE ANATOMY
    INTERNAL BODY STRUCTURES RELATE TO SURFACE (BLOOD VESSEL)
  9. Microscopic Anatomy
    Structures to samll to be seen without a microscope
  10. Microscopic Anatomy
    (2 types)
    • -Cytology
    • -Histology
  11. Cytology
    Cellular Anatomy
  12. Histology
    Study of tissues
  13. Developmental Anatomy
    Traces structural changes from conception to old age.
  14. Embryology
    Developmental changes before birth
  15. Pathological Anatomy
    Structural changes resulting from disease
  16. Radiographic Anatomy
    Structures as seen by x-ray or other scanning techniques
  17. Molecular Biology
    Study of the structure of biological molecules.
  18. Anatomical Terminology
    Standardization for relating ideas to others
  19. Organ Systems
    Physiology of a particular organ system
  20. Renal Physiology
    Urine production and kidney function
  21. Neurophysiology
    Workings of the nervous system
  22. Physiology requires the knowledge of both_________and _________.
    CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
  23. chemistry
    chemical reactions which occur in the body
  24. physics(3)
    • -electric currents
    • -movement(bones and muscle)
    • -blood pressure
  25. STRUCTURAL HIERARCHY (6 SYSTEMS)
    • -CHEMICAL LEVEL
    • -CELLULAR LEVEL
    • -TISSUE LEVEL
    • -ORGAN LEVEL
    • -ORGAN SYSTEM LEVEL
    • -ORGANISMAL LEVEL
  26. CHEMICAL LEVEL (define)
    Basic level; atoms make up molecules.
  27. CELLULAR LEVEL
    cells are the smallest unit of living things
  28. TISSUE LEVEL
    Tissues consist of groups of similar cells
  29. ORGAN LEVEL
    A structure composed opf at least two types of tissue
  30. ORGAN SYSTEM LEVEL
    Organs, Cooperate, work, common purpose
  31. ORGANISMAL LEVEL
    HUMANS; OTHER SPECIES
  32. ATOMS
    BUILDING BLOCKS OF MATTE; SMALLEST UNIT OF MATTER
  33. MOLECULES (3 EXAMPLES)
    • WATER
    • SUGAR
    • PROTEIN
  34. TISSUES (4 TYPES)
    • EPITHELIUM TISSUE
    • MUSCLE TISSUE
    • CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • NERVOUS TISSUE

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