MEDICAL SURGICAL CHAPTER 17
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DESCRIBE THE INTRAOPERATIVE PERIOD
The intraoperative period begins when the patient enters the surgical suite and ends at the time of transfer in the postanesthesia recovery area, same day surgery unit, or the intensive care unit.
WHAT ARE THE MAIN CONCERNS OF PERIOPERATIVE NURSES
The main concerns of perioperative nurses are the safety and advocacy for the patient during surgery.
DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF SURGEON
Surgeon is a physican who assume responsibility for the surgical procedure.
DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF ANESTHESIOLOGIST.
The anesthesiologisist is a physcian who specializes in giving anesthetic agents.
DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF CERTIFIED REGISTER NURE ANESTHETIST
A certified register nurse anesthetist (CRNA) ia a register nurse with additional education and credentials who delivers anesthetic agents under the supervision of a anesthesiologist, surgeon, denist or podiatrist.
DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF HOLDING AREA NURSES
Holding area nurses work in those operating suites that have a presurgical holding area, next to the main ORs. The patient waits in this area until OR is ready.
The hoding area nurse coordinates and manages the care while the patient is in the area. Responsibilities include greeting the patient on arrival, reviewing the medical record and preoperative checklist, verifying that the operative consent forms are signed, and documenting the risk assessment. The nurse also assesses the patient's physical and emotional status, gives emotional support, answer questions, and provides additional education as needed.
The holding area nurse promotes an atmosphere of comfort, privacy, and confidentiality.
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