GMAT Vocab A-C.txt

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bruck007
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GMAT Vocab A-C.txt
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2012-10-22 23:46:19
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GMAT Vocabulary
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A list of common GMAT vocabulary terms A-C
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  1. abaft
    • (adv.) on or toward the rear of a ship
    • The passengers moved abaft of the ship so as to escape the fire in the front of the ship.
  2. abandon
    • (v.; n) to leave behind; to give something up; freedom; enthusiasm; impetuosity
    • After failing for several years, he abandoned his dream of starting a grocery business.
    • Lucy embarked on her new adventure with abandon.
  3. abase
    • (v.) to degrade; humiliate; disgrace
    • The mother’s public reprimand abased the girl. The insecure father, after failing to achieve his own life-long goals,
    • abased his children whenever they failed.
  4. abbreviate
    • (v.) to shorten; compress; diminish
    • His vacation to Japan was abbreviated when he acquired an illness treatable only in the United States.
  5. abdicate
    • (v.) to reject, renounce, or abandon
    • Due to his poor payment record, it may be necessary to abdicate our relationship with the client. aberrant (adj.) abnormal;
    • straying from the normal or usual path The aberrant flight pattern of the airplane alarmed the air traffic controllers.
    • His aberrant behavior led his friends to worry the divorce had taken its toll.
    • abeyance (n.) a state of temporary suspension or inactivity Since the power failure, the town has been in abeyance.
  6. abhor
    • (v.) to hate
    • By the way her jaw tensed when he walked in, it is easy to see that she abhors him.
    • The dog abhorred cats, chasing and growling at them whenever he had the opportunity.
  7. abject
    • (adj.) of the worst or lowest degree
    • The Haldemans lived in abject poverty, with barely a roof over their heads.
  8. abjure
    • (v.) to give up
    • The losing team may abjure to the team that is winning.
  9. abnegation
    • (n.) a denial
    • The woman’s abnegation of her loss was apparent when she began to laugh.
  10. abominate
    • (v.) to loathe; to hate
    • Randall abominated all the traffic he encountered on every morning commute.
    • Please do not abominate the guilty person until you hear the complete explanation.
  11. abridge
    • (v.) to shorten; to limit
    • The editor abridged the story to make the book easier to digest.
  12. abrogate
    • (v.) to cancel by authority
    • The judge would not abrogate the law.
  13. abrupt
    • (adj.) happening or ending unexpectedly
    • The abrupt end to their marriage was a shock to everyone.
  14. abscond
    • (v.) to go away hastily or secretly; to hide
    • The newly wed couple will abscond from the reception to leave on the honeymoon.
  15. absolve
    • (v.) to forgive; to acquit
    • The judge will absolve the person of all charges. After feuding for many years, the brothers absolved each other for the
    • many arguments they had.
  16. abstemious
    • (adj.) sparing in use of food or drinks
    • If we become stranded in the snow storm, we will have to be abstemious with our food supply.
    • In many abstemious cultures the people are so thin due to the belief that too much taken into the body leads to
    • contamination of the soul. abstinence (n.) the act or process of voluntarily refraining from any action or practice; self-
    • control; chastity In preparation for the Olympic games, the athletes practiced abstinence from red meat and junk food,
    • adhering instead to a menu of pasta and produce.
  17. abstruse
    • (adj.) hard to understand; deep; recondite
    • The topic was so abstruse the student was forced to stop reading.
    • The concept was too abstruse for the average student to grasp.
  18. abysmal
    • (adj.) very deep
    • The abysmal waters contained little plant life.
  19. accede
    • (v.) to comply with; to consent to
    • With defeat imminent, the rebel army acceded to hash out a peace treaty.
  20. acclaim
    • (n.) loud approval; applause
    • Edward Albee’s brilliantly written Broadway revival of A Delicate Balance received wide acclaim. accolade (n.) approving
    • or praising mention; a sign of approval or respect Rich accolades were bestowed on the returning hero. Accolades flowed
    • into her dressing room following the opening-night triumph. accomplice (n.) co-conspirator; partner; partner-in-crime The
    • bank robber’s accomplice drove the get-away car. accretion (n.)growth by addition; a growing together by parts With the
    • accretion of the new members, the club doubled its original size. The addition of the new departments accounts for the
    • accretion of the company.
  21. accrue
    • (v.) a natural growth; a periodic increase
    • Over the course of her college career, she managed to accrue a great deal of knowledge.
    • The savings were able to accrue a sizable amount of interest each year. During his many years of collecting stamps, he
    • was able to accrue a large collection of valuable items. acerbic (adj.) tasting sour; harsh in language or temper Too much
    • Bay Leaf will make the eggplant acerbic. The baby’s mouth puckered when she was given the acerbic medicine. The
    • columnist’s acerbic comments about the First Lady drew a strong denunciation from the President.
  22. acquiesce
    • (v.) to agree without protest
    • The group acquiesced to the new regulations even though they were opposed to them.
    • After a hard-fought battle, the retailers finally acquiesced to the draft regulations.
  23. acrid
    • (adj.) sharp; bitter; foul smelling
    • Although the soup is a healthy food choice, it is so acrid not many people choose to eat it.
    • The fire at the plastics factory caused an acrid odor to be emitted throughout the surrounding neighborhood. acrimony
    • (n.) sharpness or bitterness in language or manner. The acrimony of her response was shocking. adage (n.) an old
    • saying now accepted as being truthful The adage “do unto others as you wish them to do unto you” is still widely practiced.
  24. adamant
    • (adj.) not yielding, firm
    • After taking an adamant stand to sell the house, the man called the real estate agency.
    • The girl’s parents were adamant about not allowing her to go on a dangerous backpacking trip.
  25. addled
    • (adj.) rotten
    • The egg will become addled if it is left unrefrigerated.
  26. adept
    • (adj.) skilled; practiced
    • The skilled craftsman was quite adept at creating beautiful vases and candleholders.
  27. adjure
    • (v.) solemnly ordered
    • The jurors were adjured by the judge to make a fair decision.
  28. adroit
    • (adj.) expert or skillful
    • The repair was not difficult for the adroit craftsman.
    • The driver’s adroit driving avoided a serious accident.
  29. adulation
    • (n.) praise in excess
    • The adulation was in response to the heroic feat.
    • The adulation given to the movie star was sickening.
  30. adulterate
    • (v.) to corrupt, debase, or make impure
    • The dumping of chemicals will adulterate the pureness of the lake.
  31. adversary
    • (n.) an enemy; foe
    • The peace treaty united two countries that were historically great adversaries. adverse (adj.) negative; hostile;
    • antagonistic; inimical Contrary to the ski resort’s expectations, the warm weather generated adverse conditions for a
    • profitable weekend. advocate (v.; n.) to plead in favor of; supporter; defender Amnesty International advocates the cause
    • for human rights. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a great advocate of civil rights. aesthetic (adj.) of beauty; pertaining to taste
    • in art and beauty She found that her aesthetic sense and that of the artist were at odds. His review made one wonder
    • what kind of aesthetic taste the critic had.
  32. affable
    • (adj.) friendly; amiable; good-natured
    • Her affable puppy loved to play with children. affiliate (v.) to connect or associate with; to accept as a member The hiking
    • club affiliated with the bird-watching club.
  33. affinity
    • (n.) a connection; similarity of structure
    • There is a strong emotional affinity between the two siblings.
    • It turns out that the elements bear a strong affinity to each other.
  34. aggrandize
    • (v.) to make more powerful
    • The king wanted to aggrandize himself and his kingdom. aghast (adj.) astonished; amazed; horrified; terrified; appalled
    • Stockholders were aghast at the company’s revelation. The landlord was aghast at his water bill.
  35. agrarian
    • (adj.) of the land
    • Many agrarian people are poor.
  36. alacrity
    • (n.) eager readiness or speed
    • The manager was so impressed by the worker’s alacrity; he suggested a promotion.
    • On the first day of her new job, the recent college graduate was able to leave early after completing all of her tasks with
    • alacrity.
  37. alchemist
    • (n.) a person who studies chemistry
    • The alchemist’s laboratory was full of bottles and tubes of strange
    • looking liquids.
  38. alchemy
    • (n.) any mysterious change of substance or nature
    • The magician used alchemy to change the powder into a liquid
  39. allegory
    • (n.) a symbolic description
    • The book contained many allegories on Russian history.
  40. alleviate
    • (v.) to lessen or make easier
    • The airport’s monorail alleviates vehicular traffic.
  41. allocate
    • (v.) set aside; designate; assign
    • There have been front row seats allocated to the performer’s family.
    • The farmer allocated three acres of his fields to corn.
  42. allude
    • (v.) to refer indirectly to something
    • The story alludes to part of the author’s life.
    • Without stating that the defendant was an ex-convict, the prosecutor alluded to the fact by mentioning his length of
    • unemployment. allure (v.; n.) to attract; entice; attraction; temptation; glamour The romantic young man allured the
    • beautiful woman by preparing a wonderful dinner.
    • Singapore’s allure is its bustling economy. allusion (n.) an indirect reference (often literary); a hint The mention of the pet
    • snake was an allusion to the man’s sneaky ways. In modern plays allusions are often made to ancient drama.
  43. aloof
    • (adj.) distant in interest; reserved; cool
    • Even though the new coworker was aloof, we attempted to be friendly. The calm defendant remained aloof when he was
    • wrongly accused of fabricating his story.
  44. altercation
    • (n.) controversy; dispute
    • A serious altercation caused the marriage to end in a bitter divorce. altruism (n.) unselfish devotion to the welfare of
    • others After the organization aided the catastrophe victims, it was given an award for altruism.
    • She displayed such altruism by giving up all of her belongings and joining a peace corps in Africa.
  45. altruistic
    • (adj.) unselfish
    • The altruistic volunteer donated much time and energy in an effort to raise funds for the children’s hospital. amalgam (n.)
    • a mixture or combination (often of metals) The art display was an amalgam of modern and traditional pieces. That ring is
    • made from an amalgam of minerals; if it were pure gold it would never hold its shape.
  46. amalgamate
    • (v.) to mix, merge, combine
    • If the economy does not grow, the business may need to amalgamate with a rival company.
    • The three presidents decided to amalgamate their businesses to build one strong company.
  47. amass
    • (v.) to collect together; accumulate
    • Over the years the sailor has amassed many replicas of boats.
    • The women amassed a huge collection of priceless diamonds and pearls.
  48. ambiguous
    • (adj.) not clear; uncertain; vague
    • The ambiguous law did not make a clear distinction between the new and old land boundary.
  49. ambivalent
    • (adj.) undecided
    • The ambivalent jury could not reach a unanimous verdict.
  50. ameliorate
    • (v.) to improve or make better
    • A consistent routine of exercise has shown to ameliorate health.
    • We can ameliorate the flooding problem by changing the grading.
  51. amendment
    • (n.) a positive change
    • The amendment in his ways showed there was still reason for hope.
  52. amiable
    • (adj.) friendly
    • The newcomer picked the most amiable person to sit next to during the meeting.
    • amiss (adj.; adv.) wrong; awry; wrongly; in a defective manner Seeing that his anorak was gone, he knew something was
    • amiss . Its new muffler aside, the car was behaving amiss.
  53. amity
    • (n.) friendly relations
    • The amity between the two bordering nations put the populations at ease.
    • amorphous (adj.) with no shape; unorganized; having no determinate form The amorphous gel seeped through the
    • cracks. The amorphous group quickly got lost.
    • The scientist could not determine the sex of the amorphous organism.
    • amortize (v.) to put money into a fund at fixed intervals The couple was able to amortize their mortgage sooner than they
    • thought. anachronism (n.) something out of place in time (e.g., an airplane in 1492) The editor recognized an
    • anachronism in the manuscript where the character from the 1500s boarded an airplane. He realized that the film about
    • cavemen contained an anachronism when he saw a jet cut across the horizon during a hunting scene.
  54. analogy
    • (n.) similarity; correlation; parallelism
    • The teacher used an analogy to describe the similarities between the two books.
    • Comparing the newly discovered virus with one found long ago, the scientist made an analogy between the two
    • organisms.
  55. anaphylaxis
    • (n.) an allergic reaction
    • The boy’s severe anaphylaxis to a series of medications made writing prescriptions a tricky proposition. anarchist (n.)
    • one who believes that a formal government is unnecessary The yell from the crowd came from the anarchist protesting the
    • government.
    • The anarchist attempted to overthrow the established democratic government of the new nation and reinstate chaos and
    • disarray.
  56. anchorage
    • (n.) something that can be relied on
    • Knowing the neighbors were right next door was an anchorage for the elderly
    • woman.
  57. anecdote
    • (n.) a short account of happenings
    • The speaker told an anecdote about how he lost his shoes when he was young.
  58. animosity
    • (n.) a feeling of hatred or ill will
    • Animosity grew between the two feuding families.
  59. anoint
    • (v.) to crown; ordain;
    • A member of the monarchy was anointed by the king. anomaly (n.) an oddity, inconsistency; a deviation from the norm An
    • anomaly existed when the report listed one statistic, and the spokeswoman reported another.
    • In a parking lot full of Buicks, Chevys, and Plymouths, the Jaguar was an anomaly.
  60. anonymous
    • (adj.) nameless; unidentified
    • Not wishing to be identified by the police, he remained anonymous by returning the money he had stolen by sending it
    • through the mail.
  61. antagonism
    • (n.) hostility; opposition
    • The antagonism was created by a misunderstanding. The rebellious clan captured a hostage to display antagonism to
    • the new peace treaty.
  62. antipathy
    • (n.) a strong dislike or repugnance
    • Her antipathy for large crowds convinced her to decline the invitation to the city.
    • The vegetarian had an antipathy toward meat.
  63. apathy
    • (n.) lack of emotion or interest
    • He showed apathy when his relative was injured. The disheartened peasants expressed apathy toward the new law
    • which promised new hope and prosperity for all. apocalyptic (adj.) pertaining to a discovery or new revelation Science-
    • fiction movies seem to relish apocalyptic visions. apocryphal (adj.) counterfeit; of doubtful authorship or authenticity The
    • man who said he was a doctor was truly apocryphal.
  64. appease
    • (v.) to satisfy; to calm
    • A milk bottle usually appeases a crying baby.
  65. apposite
    • (adj.) suitable; apt; relevant
    • Discussion of poverty was apposite to the curriculum, so the professor allowed it.
    • Without reenacting the entire scenario, the situation can be understood if apposite information is given.
  66. apprehensive
    • (adj.) fearful; aware; conscious
    • The nervous child was apprehensive about beginning a new school year.
  67. approbatory
    • (adj.) approving or sanctioning
    • The judge showed his acceptance in his approbatory remark.
  68. arable
    • (adj.) suitable (as land) for plowing
    • When the land was deemed arable the farmer decided to plow. arbiter (n.) one who is authorized to judge or decide The
    • decision of who would represent the people was made by the arbiter. arbitrary (adj.) based on one’s preference or
    • judgment Rick admitted his decision had been arbitrary, as he claimed no expertise on the matter.
  69. arcane
    • (adj.) obscure; secret; mysterious
    • With an arcane expression, the young boy left the family wondering what sort of mischief he had committed.
    • The wizard’s description of his magic was purposefully arcane so that others would be unable to copy it.
  70. archetype
    • (n.) original pattern or model; prototype
    • This man was the archetype for scores of fictional characters. The scientist was careful with the archetype of her
    • invention so that once manufacturing began, it would be easy to reproduce it.
  71. ardent
    • (adj.) with passionate or intense feelings
    • The fans’ ardent love of the game kept them returning to watch the terrible team.
  72. arduous
    • (adj.) laborious, difficult; strenuous
    • Completing the plans for the new building proved to be an arduous affair. Building a house is arduous work, but the
    • result is well worth the labor. arid (adj.) extremely dry, parched; barren, unimaginative The terrain was so arid that not one
    • species of plant could survive. Their thirst became worse due to the arid condition of the desert. aromatic (adj.) having a
    • smell which is sweet or spicy The aromatic smell coming from the oven made the man’s mouth water.
  73. arrogant
    • (adj.) acting superior to others; conceited
    • After purchasing his new, expensive sports car, the arrogant doctor refused to allow anyone to ride with him to the country
    • club.
  74. arrogate
    • (v.) to claim or demand unduly
    • The teenager arrogated that he should be able to use his parent’s car whenever he desired. articulate (v.; adj.) to utter
    • clearly and distinctly; clear, distinct; expressed with clarity; skillful with words It’s even more important to articulate your
    • words when you’re on the phone.
    • You didn’t have to vote for him to agree that Adlai Stevenson was articulate.
    • A salesperson must be articulate when speaking to a customer.
  75. artifice
    • (n.) skill in a craft
    • The artifice of glass-making takes many years of practice. ascetic (n.; adj.) one who leads a simple life of self-denial;
    • rigorously abstinent The monastery is filled with ascetics who have devoted their lives to religion.
    • The nuns lead an ascetic life devoted to the Lord.
  76. aseptic
    • (adj.) germ free
    • It is necessary for an operating room to be aseptic.
  77. askance
    • (adv.) a sideways glance of disapproval
    • The look askance proved the guard suspected some wrongdoing.
  78. asperity
    • (n.) harshness
    • The man used asperity to frighten the girl out of going. The asperity of the winter had most everybody yearning for spring.
    • aspersion (n.) slanderous statement; a damaging or derogatory criticism The aspersion damaged the credibility of the
    • organization. He blamed the loss of his job on an aspersion stated by his co-worker to his superior.
  79. aspirant
    • (n.) a person who goes after high goals
    • The aspirant would not settle for assistant director—only the top job was good enough. assay (n.) to determine the quality
    • of a substance. Have the soil assayed.
  80. assess
    • (v.) to estimate the value of
    • She assessed the possible rewards to see if the project was worth her time and effort.
  81. assiduous
    • (adj.) carefully attentive; industrious
    • It is necessary to be assiduous if a person wishes to make the most of his time at work.
    • He enjoys having assiduous employees because he can explain a procedure once and have it performed correctly every
    • time.
  82. assuage
    • (v.) to relieve; ease; make less severe
    • Medication should assuage the pain.
    • The medication helped assuage the pain of the wound. astringent (n.; adj.) a substance that contracts bodily tissues;
    • causing contraction; tightening; stern, austere After the operation an astringent was used on his skin so that the stretched
    • area would return to normal.
    • The downturn in sales caused the CEO to impose astringent measures.
    • Her astringent remarks at the podium would not soon be forgotten.
  83. astute
    • (adj.) cunning; sly; crafty
    • The astute lawyer’s questioning convinced the jury of the defendant’s guilt.
    • atrophy (v.; n.) to waste away, as from lack of use; to wither; failure to grow A few months after he lost his ability to walk, his
    • legs began to atrophy. The atrophy of the muscles was due to the injury.
  84. attenuate
    • (v.) to thin out; to weaken
    • Water is commonly used to attenuate strong chemicals.
    • The chemist attenuated the solution by adding water.
  85. atypical
    • (adj.) something that is abnormal
    • The atypical behavior of the wild animal alarmed the hunters.
  86. audacious
    • (adj.) fearless; bold
    • The audacious soldier went into battle without a shield.
  87. augment
    • (v.) to increase or add to; to make larger
    • They needed more soup so they augmented the recipe.
    • They were able to augment their savings over a period of time.
  88. august
    • (adj.) to be imposing or magnificent
    • The palace was august in gold and crystal.
  89. auspicious
    • (adj.) being of a good omen; successful
    • It was auspicious that the sun shone on the first day of the trip. The campaign had an auspicious start, foreshadowing
    • the future. austere (adj.) having a stern look; having strict self-discipline The old woman always has an austere look
    • about her. The austere teacher assigned five pages of homework each day.
  90. authentic
    • (adj.) real; genuine; trustworthy
    • An authentic diamond will cut glass.
    • authoritarian
    • (n.; adj.) acting as a dictator; demanding obedience The authoritarian made all of the rules but did none of the work. Fidel
    • Castro is reluctant to give up his authoritarian rule. autocracy (n.) an absolute monarchy; government where one
    • person holds power The autocracy was headed by a demanding man. She was extremely power-hungry and therefore
    • wanted her government to be an autocracy.
  91. autocrat
    • (n.) an absolute ruler
    • The autocrat in charge of the government was a man of power and prestige.
    • The autocrat made every decision and divided the tasks among his subordinates.
    • avarice (n.) inordinate desire for gaining and possessing wealth The man’s avarice for money kept him at work through
    • the evenings and weekends.
    • The avarice of the president led to his downfall.
  92. aver
    • (v.) to affirm as true
    • The witness was able to aver the identity of the defendant. awry (adj; adv.) crooked(ly); uneven(ly); wrong; askew Hearing
    • the explosion in the laboratory, the scientist realized the experiment had gone awry.
  93. azure
    • (adj.) the clear blue color of the sky
    • The azure sky made the picnic day perfect.
  94. baleful
    • (adj.) harmful, malign, detrimental
    • After she was fired, she realized it was a baleful move to point the blame at her superior.
    • The strange liquid could be baleful if ingested.
  95. banal
    • (adj.) trite; without freshness or originality
    • Attending parties became trite after a few weeks. It was a banal suggestion to have the annual picnic in the park, since
    • that was where it had been for the past five years.
  96. baneful
    • (adj.) deadly or causing distress, death
    • Not wearing a seat belt could be baneful.
  97. baroque
    • (adj.) extravagant; ornate; embellished
    • The baroque artwork was made up of intricate details which kept the museum-goers enthralled.
    • The baroque furnishings did not fit in the plain, modest home.
  98. bastion
    • (n.) a fortified place or strong defense
    • The strength of the bastion saved the soldiers inside of it.
  99. batten
    • (v.) to gain
    • The team could only batten by drafting the top player.
  100. bauble
    • (n.) a showy yet useless thing
    • The woman had many baubles on her bookshelf.
  101. beget
    • (v.) to bring into being
    • The king wished to beget a new heir.
  102. beholden
    • (adj.) indebted to
    • The children were beholden to their parents for the car loan.
  103. behoove
    • (v.) to be advantageous; to be necessary
    • It will behoove the students to buy their textbooks early.
  104. belittle
    • (v.) to make small; to think lightly of
    • The unsympathetic friend belittled her friend’s problems and spoke of her own as the most important.
  105. bellicose
    • (adj.) quarrelsome; warlike
    • The bellicose guest would not be invited back again.
  106. bemuse
    • (v.) to preoccupy in thought
    • The girl was bemused by her troubles.
  107. benefactor
    • (n.) one who helps others; a donor
    • An anonymous benefactor donated $10,000 to the children’s hospital. beneficent (adj.) conferring benefits; kindly; doing
    • good He is a beneficent person, always taking in stray animals and talking to people who need someone to listen.
    • A beneficent donation helped the organization meet its goal.
  108. benevolent
    • (adj.) kind; generous
    • The professor proved a tough questioner, but a benevolent grader.
    • The benevolent gentleman volunteered his services.
  109. benign
    • (adj.) mild; harmless
    • A lamb is a benign animal, especially when compared with a lion.
  110. berate
    • (v.) scold; reprove; reproach; criticize
    • The child was berated by her parents for breaking the china. bereft (v.; adj.) to be deprived of; to be in a sad manner; hurt
    • by someone’s death The loss of his job will leave the man bereft of many luxuries. The widower was bereft for many years
    • after his wife’s death.
  111. beseech
    • (v.) to ask earnestly
    • The soldiers beseeched the civilians for help.
  112. besmirch
    • (v.) to dirty or discolor
    • The soot from the chimney will besmirch clean curtains.
  113. bestial
    • (adj.) having the qualities of a beast; brutal
    • The bestial employer made his employees work in an unheated room.
  114. betroth
    • (v.) to promise or pledge in marriage
    • The man betrothed his daughter to the prince.
  115. biased
    • (adj.) prejudiced; influenced; not neutral
    • The vegetarian had a biased opinion regarding what should be ordered for dinner. biennial (adj.; n.) happening every two
    • years; a plant which blooms every two years The biennial journal’s influence seemed only magnified by its infrequent
    • publication.
    • She has lived here for four years and has seen the biennials bloom twice. bilateral (adj.) pertaining to or affecting both
    • sides or two sides; having two sides A bilateral decision was made so that both partners reaped equal benefits from the
    • same amount of work.
    • The brain is a bilateral organ, consisting of a left and right hemisphere.
  116. blasphemous
    • (adj.) irreligious; away from acceptable standards; speaking ill of using profane language The upper-class
    • parents thought that it was blasphemous for their son to marry a waitress.
    • His blasphemous outburst was heard throughout the room.
  117. blatant
    • (adj.) obvious; unmistakable; crude; vulgar
    • The blatant foul was reason for ejection.
    • The defendant was blatant in his testimony.
  118. blighted
    • (adj.) causing frustration or destruction
    • The blighted tornado left only one building standing in its wake. blithe (adj.) happy; cheery; merry; a cheerful disposition
    • The wedding was a blithe celebration.
    • The blithe child was a pleasant surprise.
  119. bode
    • (v.) to foretell something
    • The storm bode that we would not reach our destination.
  120. bombast
    • (n.) pompous speech; pretentious words
    • After he delivered his bombast at the podium, he arrogantly left the meeting.
    • The presenter ended his bombast with a prediction of his future success.
  121. bombastic
    • (adj.) pompous; wordy; turgid
    • The bombastic woman talks a lot about herself.
  122. boor
    • (n.) a rude person
    • The boor was not invited to the party, but he came anyway.
  123. breadth
    • (n.) the distance from one side to another
    • The table cloth was too small to cover the breadth of the table.
  124. brevity
    • (n.) briefness; shortness
    • On Top 40 AM radio, brevity was the coin of the realm.
  125. brindled
    • (adj.) mixed with a darker color
    • In order to get matching paint we made a brindled mixture.
  126. broach
    • (v.) to introduce into conversation
    • Broaching the touchy subject was difficult.
  127. brusque
    • (adj.) abrupt in manner or speech
    • His brusque answer was neither acceptable nor polite. bucolic (adj.) having to do with shepherds or the country The
    • bucolic setting inspired the artist.
  128. bumptious
    • (adj.) arrogant
    • He was bumptious in manner as he approached the podium to accept his
    • anticipated award.
  129. bungler
    • (n.) a clumsy person
    • The one who broke the crystal vase was a true bungler.
  130. burgeon
    • (v.) to grow or develop quickly
    • The tumor appeared to burgeon more quickly than normal. After the first punch was thrown, the dispute burgeoned into a
    • brawl. burlesque (v.; n.) to imitate in a non-serious manner; a comical imitation His stump speeches were so hackneyed,
    • he seemed to be burlesquing of his role as a congressman.
    • George Burns was considered one of the great practitioners of burlesque.
  131. burly
    • (adj.) strong; bulky; stocky
    • The lumberjack was a burly man.
  132. burnish
    • (v.) to polish by rubbing
    • The vase needed to be burnished to restore its beauty.
  133. cabal
    • (n.) a group of persons joined by a secret
    • The very idea that there could be a cabal cast suspicion on the whole operation. cache (n.) stockpile; store; heap; hiding
    • place for goods The town kept a cache of salt on hand to melt winter’s snow off the roads.
    • Extra food is kept in the cache under the pantry.
    • The cache for his jewelry was hidden under the bed.
  134. cacophonous
    • (adj.) sounding jarring
    • The cacophonous sound from the bending metal sent shivers up our spines. cacophony (n.) a harsh, inharmonious
    • collection of sounds; dissonance The beautiful harmony of the symphony was well enjoyed after the cacophony coming
    • from the stage as the orchestra warmed up. The amateur band created more cacophony than beautiful sound.
  135. cajole
    • (v.) to coax with insincere talk
    • To cajole the disgruntled employee, the manager coaxed him with lies and sweet talk.
    • The salesman will cajole the couple into buying the stereo.
  136. calamity
    • (n.) disaster
    • The fire in the apartment building was a great calamity.
  137. caliber
    • (n.) quality
    • The caliber of talent at the show was excellent.
  138. callow
    • (adj.) being young or immature
    • With the callow remark the young man demonstrated his age. Although the girl could be considered an adult, the action
    • was very callow.
  139. calumny
    • (n.) slander
    • I felt it necessary to speak against the calumny of the man’s good reputation.
  140. canard
    • (n.) a false statement or rumor
    • The canard was reported in a scandalous tabloid.
  141. candid
    • (adj.) honest; truthful; sincere
    • People trust her because she’s so candid.
  142. cant
    • (n.) insincere or hypocritical statements of high ideals; the jargon of a particular group or occupations The theater majors
    • had difficulty understanding the cant of the computer scientists.
    • The remarks by the doctor were cant and meant only for his associates. caprice (n.) a sudden, unpredictable or
    • whimsical change The caprice with which the couple approached the change of plans was evidence to their young age.
    • The king ruled by caprice as much as law.
  143. capricious
    • (adj.) changeable; fickle
    • The capricious bride-to-be has a different church in mind for her wedding every few days.
  144. captious
    • (adj.) disposed to find fault
    • A captious attitude often causes difficulties in a relationship.
  145. carte blanche
    • (n.) unlimited authority
    • The designer was given carte blanche to create a new line for the fall.
  146. cascade
    • (n; v.) waterfall; pour; rush; fall
    • The hikers stopped along the path to take in the beauty of the rushing cascade.
    • The water cascaded down the rocks into the pool.
    • He took a photograph of the lovely cascade.
    • The drapes formed a cascade down the window.
  147. castigate
    • (v.) to punish through public criticism
    • The mayor castigated the police chief for the rash of robberies.
  148. cataclysm
    • (n.) an extreme natural force
    • The earthquake has been the first cataclysm in five years. catalyst (n.) anything which creates a situation in which change
    • can occur The low pressure system was the catalyst for the nor’easter. catharsis (n.) a purging or relieving of the body or
    • soul He experienced a total catharsis after the priest absolved his sins. Admitting his guilt served as a catharsis for the
    • man.
  149. caustic
    • (adj.) eating away at; sarcastic words
    • The caustic chemicals are dangerous.
    • The girl harmed her mother with her caustic remarks. His caustic sense of humor doesn’t go over so well when people
    • don’t know what they’re in for.
  150. cavil
    • (v.) to bicker
    • The children are constantly caviling.
  151. censor
    • (v.) to examine and delete objectionable material
    • The children were allowed to watch the adult movie only after it had been censored. censure (n.; v.) a disapproval; an
    • expression of disapproval; to criticize or disapprove of His remarks drew the censure of his employers. A censure of the
    • new show upset the directors.
    • Her parents censured her idea of dropping out of school.
  152. ceremonious
    • (adj.) very formal or proper
    • The black-tie dinner was highly ceremonious.
  153. cessation
    • (n.)ceasing; a stopping
    • The cessation of a bad habit is often difficult to sustain. chafe (v.) to annoy, to irritate; to wear away or make sore by
    • rubbing His constant teasing chafed her.
    • He doesn’t wear pure wool sweaters because they usually chafe his skin.
  154. chaffing
    • (n.) banter; teasing
    • The king was used to his jesters good-natured chaffing. chagrin (n.) a feeling of embarrassment due to failure or
    • disappointment To the chagrin of the inventor, the machine did not work. She turned red-faced with chagrin when she
    • learned that her son had been caught shoplifting.
  155. charisma
    • (n.) appeal; magnetism; presence
    • She has such charisma that everyone likes her the first time they meet her. charlatan (n.) a person who pretends to have
    • knowledge; an impostor; fake The charlatan deceived the townspeople.
    • It was finally discovered that the charlatan sitting on the throne was not the real king.
  156. chary
    • (adj.) cautious; being sparing in giving
    • Be chary when driving at night.
    • The chary man had few friends.
  157. chaste
    • (adj.) virtuous; free of obscenity
    • Because the woman believed in being chaste, she would not let her date into the
    • house.
  158. chastise
    • (v.) to punish; discipline; admonish
    • The dean chastised the first-year student for cheating on the exam.
  159. cherish
    • (v.) to feel love for
    • The bride vowed to cherish the groom for life.
  160. chicanery
    • (n.) trickery or deception
    • The swindler was trained in chicanery.
    • A news broadcast is no place for chicanery.
  161. chimera
    • (n.) an impossible fancy
    • Perhaps he saw a flying saucer, but perhaps it was only a chimera. choleric (adj.) cranky; cantankerous; easily moved to
    • feeling displeasure The choleric man was continually upset by his neighbors. Rolly becomes choleric when his views are
    • challenged.
  162. chortle
    • (v.) to make a gleeful, chuckling sound
    • The chortles emanating from the audience indicated it wouldn’t be as tough a crowd as the stand-up comic had
    • expected. churlishness (n.) crude or surly behavior; behavior of a peasant The fraternity’s churlishness ran afoul of the
    • dean’ s office. The churlishness of the teenager caused his employer to lose faith in him. circumlocution (n.) a
    • roundabout or indirect way of speaking; not to the point The man’s speech contained so much circumlocution that I was
    • unsure of the point he was trying to make.
    • The child made a long speech using circumlocution to avoid stating that it was she who had knocked over the lamp.
    • circumlocutory (adj.) being too long, as in a description or expression; a roundabout, indirect, or ungainly way of
    • expressing something It was a circumlocutory documentary that could have been cut to half its running time to say twice
    • as much.
  163. circumspect
    • (adj.) considering all circumstances
    • A circumspect decision must be made when so many people are involved.
  164. citadel
    • (n.) a fortress set up high to defend a city
    • A citadel sat on the hill to protect the city below.
  165. clandestine
    • (adj.) secret
    • The clandestine plan must be kept between the two of us!
  166. clemency
    • (n.) mercy toward an offender; mildness
    • The governor granted the prisoner clemency. The weather’s clemency made for a perfect picnic. cloture (n.) a
    • parliamentary procedure to end debate and begin to vote Cloture was declared as the parliamentarians readied to
    • register their votes. cloying (adj.) too sugary; too sentimental or flattering After years of marriage the husband still gave
    • cloying gifts to his wife. Complimenting her on her weight loss, clothing and hairstyle was a cloying way to begin asking
    • for a raise. coagulate (v.) to become a semisolid, soft mass; to clot The liquid will coagulate and close the tube if left
    • standing.
  167. coalesce
    • (v.) to grow together
    • The bride and groom coalesced their funds to increase their collateral.
    • At the end of the conference the five groups coalesced in one room.
  168. coda
    • (n.) in music, a concluding passage
    • By the end of the coda, I was ready to burst with excitement over the thrilling performance.
    • The audience knew that the concerto was about to end when they heard the orchestra begin playing the coda.
  169. coddle
    • (v.) to treat with tenderness
    • A baby needs to be coddled.
  170. codify
    • (v.) to organize laws or rules into a systematic collection The laws were codified by those whom they affected. The intern
    • codified all the city’s laws into a computerized filing system. coffer (n.) a chest where money or valuables are kept
    • The coffer that contained the jewels was stolen. cogent (adj.) to the point; clear; convincing in its clarity and presentation
    • The lawyer makes compelling and cogent presentations, which evidently help him win 96 percent of his cases.
    • He made a short, cogent speech which his audience easily understood.
  171. cogitate
    • (v.) to think hard; ponder; meditate
    • It is necessary to cogitate on decisions which affect life goals. The room was quiet while every student cogitated during
    • the calculus exam. cognate (adj.; n.) having the same family; a person related through ancestry English and German are
    • cognate languages. The woman was a cognate to the royal family. cognitive (adj.) possessing the power to think or
    • meditate; meditative; capable of perception Cognitive thought makes humans adaptable to a quickly changing
    • environment.
    • Once the toddler was able to solve puzzles, it was obvious that her cognitive abilities were developing.
  172. cognizant
    • (adj.) aware of; perceptive
    • She became alarmed when she was cognizant of the man following her. It was critical to establish whether the defendant
    • was cognizant of his rights. coherent (adj.) sticking together; connected; logical; consistent The course was a success
    • due to its coherent information. If he couldn’t make a coherent speech, how could he run for office?
  173. cohesion
    • (n.) the act of holding together
    • The cohesion of the group increased as friendships were formed.
    • The cohesion of different molecules forms different substances.
  174. cohort
    • (n.) a group; band
    • The cohort of teens gathered at the athletic field.
  175. collaborate
    • (v.) to work together; cooperate
    • The two builders collaborated to get the house finished. colloquial (adj.) having to do with conversation; informal speech
    • The colloquial reference indicated the free spirit of the group. When you listen to the difference between spoken colloquial
    • conversation and written work, you realize how good an ear a novelist must have to write authentic dialogue.
  176. collusion
    • (n.) secret agreement for an illegal purpose
    • The authority discovered a collusion between the director and treasurer. comeliness (n.) beauty; attractiveness in
    • appearance or behavior The comeliness of the woman attracted everyone’s attention.
  177. commiserate
    • (v.) to show sympathy for
    • The hurricane victims commiserated about the loss of their homes.
  178. commodious
    • (adj.) spacious and convenient; roomy
    • The new home was so commodious that many new pieces of furniture needed to be purchased.
  179. communal
    • (adj.) shared or common ownership
    • The communal nature of the project made everyone pitch in to help.
  180. compatible
    • (adj.) in agreement with; harmonious
    • When repairing an automobile, it is necessary to use parts compatible with that make and model.
  181. complacent
    • (adj.) content; self-satisfied; smug
    • The CEO worries regularly that his firm’s winning ways will make it complacent.
    • The candidate was so complacent with his poll numbers that he virtually stopped campaigning. complaisance (n.) the
    • quality of being agreeable or eager to please The complaisance of the new assistant made it easy for the managers to
    • give him a lot of work without worrying that he may complain.
  182. compliant
    • (adj.) complying; obeying; yielding
    • Compliant actions should be reinforced.
    • The slave was compliant with every order to avoid being whipped.
  183. comport
    • (v.) fitting in
    • It was easy to comport to the new group of employees.
  184. comprehensive
    • (adj.) all-inclusive; complete; thorough
    • It’s the only health facility around to offer comprehensive care.
  185. compromise
    • (v.) to settle by mutual adjustment
    • Labor leaders and the automakers compromised by agreeing to a starting wage of $16 an hour in exchange for
    • concessions on health-care premiums. concede (v.) to acknowledge; admit; to surrender; to abandon one’s position
    • After much wrangling, the conceded that the minister had a point. Satisfied with the recount, the mayor conceded
    • graciously.
  186. conceit
    • (n.) an exaggerated personal opinion
    • The man’s belief that he was the best player on the team was pure conceit.
  187. conciliation
    • (n.) an attempt to make friendly or placate
    • The attempt at conciliation
  188. conciliatory
    • (adj.) to reconcile
    • The diplomat sought to take a conciliatory approach to keep the talks going.
  189. concise
    • (adj.) in few words; brief; condensed
    • The concise instructions were printed on two pages rather than the customary five. conclave (n.) any private meeting or
    • closed assembly The conclave was to meet in the executive suite. condescend (v.) to come down from one’s position or
    • dignity The arrogant, rich man was usually condescending towards his servants.
  190. condone
    • (v.) to overlook; to forgive
    • The loving and forgiving mother condoned her son’s life of crime I will condone your actions of negligence.
  191. confluence
    • (n.) a thing which is joined together
    • Great cities often lie at the confluence of great rivers. confound (v.) to lump together, causing confusion; to damn The
    • problem confounded our ability to solve it. Confound you, you scoundrel!
  192. conglomeration
    • (n.) a collection or mixture of various things
    • The conglomeration is made up of four different interest groups.
    • The soup was a conglomeration of meats and vegetables.
  193. conjoin
    • (v.) to combine
    • The classes will conjoin to do the play.
  194. conjure
    • (v.) to call upon or appeal to; to cause to be, appear, come The smell of the dinner conjured images of childhood. The
    • magician conjured a rabbit out of a hat.
  195. connivance
    • (n.) secret cooperation in wrongdoing
    • With the guard’s connivance, the convict was able to make his escape. connoisseur (n.) expert; authority (usually refers to
    • a wine or food expert) They allowed her to choose the wine for dinner since she was the connoisseur.
    • connotative (adj.) containing associated meanings in addition to the primary one Along with the primary meaning of the
    • word, there were two connotative meanings.
    • The connotative meaning of their music was spelled out in the video.
  196. consecrate
    • (v.) to declare sacred; to dedicate
    • We will consecrate the pact during the ceremony.
    • The park was consecrated to the memory of the missing soldier.
  197. consequential
    • (adj.) following as an effect; important
    • His long illness and consequential absence set him behind in his homework.
    • The decision to move the company will be consequential to its success.
  198. consort
    • (n.; v.) a companion, spouse; to associate
    • An elderly woman was seeking a consort.
    • They waited until dark to consort under the moonlight.
  199. conspicuous
    • (adj.) easy to see; noticeable
    • The diligent and hardworking editor thought the obvious mistake was conspicuous. consternation (n.) amazement or
    • terror that causes confusion The look of consternation on the child’s face caused her father to panic.
  200. constrain
    • (v.) to force, compel; to restrain
    • It may be necessary to constrain the wild animal if it approaches the town.
    • The student was constrained to remain in her seat until the teacher gave her permission to leave.
  201. consummation
    • (n.) the completion; finish
    • Following the consummation of final exams, most of the students graduated. contemporary (adj.) living or happening at
    • the same time; modern Contemporary furniture will clash with your traditional sectional.
  202. contempt
    • (n.) scorn; disrespect
    • The greedy, selfish banker was often discussed with great contempt.
  203. contentious
    • (adj.) quarrelsome
    • The contentious student was asked to leave the classroom. They hate his contentious behavior because every
    • suggestion they give ends in a fight.
  204. contest
    • (v.) to attempt to disprove or invalidate
    • I will attempt to contest the criminal charges against me. contiguous (adj.) touching; or adjoining and close, but not
    • touching There are many contiguous buildings in the city because there is no excess land to allow space between them.
    • contravene (v.) to act contrary to; to oppose or contradict The story of the accused contravened the story of the witness.
    • The United Nations held that the Eastern European nation had contravened the treaty. contrite (adj.) regretful;
    • sorrowful; having repentance Regretting his decision not to attend college, the contrite man did not lead a very happy life.
    • A contrite heart has fixed its wrongs.
  205. contumacious
    • (adj.) resisting authority
    • The man was put in jail for contumacious actions. contusion (n.) a bruise; an injury where the skin is not broken The man
    • was fortunate to receive only contusions from the crash.
  206. conundrum
    • (n.) a puzzle or riddle
    • I spent two hours trying to figure out the conundrum. The legend says that to enter the secret passageway, one must
    • answer the ancient conundrum.
  207. conventional
    • (adj.) traditional; common; routine
    • The bride wanted a conventional wedding ceremony, complete with white dresses, many flowers, and a grand reception
    • party. Conventional telephones are giving way to videophones. converge (v.) to move toward one point (opposite: diverge)
    • It was obvious that an accident was going to occur as the onlookers watched the two cars converge.
    • The two roads converge at the corner.
  208. conviviality
    • (n.) a fondness for festiveness or joviality
    • His conviviality makes him a welcome guest at any social gathering.
  209. convoke
    • (v.) a call to assemble
    • The teacher convoked her students in the auditorium to help prepare them for the play.
  210. copious
    • (adj.) abundant; in great quantities
    • Her copious notes touched on every subject presented in the lecture.
  211. corpulence
    • (n.) obesity
    • The corpulence of the man kept him from fitting into the seat.
  212. correlate
    • (v.) to bring into mutual relation
    • The service man was asked to correlate the two computer demonstration pamphlets.
  213. corroborate
    • (v.) to confirm the validity
    • The witness must corroborate the prisoner’s story if she is to be set free. coterie (n.) a clique; a group who meet
    • frequently, usually socially A special aspect of campus life is joining a coterie. Every day after school she joins her coterie
    • on the playground and they go out for a soda.
  214. covenant
    • (n.) a binding and solemn agreement
    • With the exchange of vows, the covenant was complete.
  215. covetous
    • (adj.) greedy; very desirous
    • Lonnie, covetous of education, went to almost every lecture at the university.
    • Covetous of her neighbor’s pool, she did everything she could to make things unpleasant..
  216. cower
    • (v.) to huddle and tremble
    • The lost dog cowered near the tree.
    • The tellers cowered in the corner as the bandit ransacked the bank. coy (adj.) modest; bashful; pretending shyness to
    • attract Her coy manners attracted the man.
    • He’s not really that shy, he’s just being coy. crass (adj.) stupid or dull; insensitive; materialistic To make light of someone’
    • s weakness is crass. They made their money the old-fashioned way, but still they were accused of being crass.
    • My respect for the man was lowered when he made the crass remark.
  217. craven
    • (n.; adj.) coward; abject person; cowardly
    • While many fought for their rights, the craven sat shaking, off in a corner somewhere.
    • Craven men will not stand up for what they believe in.
  218. culpable
    • (adj.) deserving blame; guilty
    • The convicted criminal still denies that he is culpable for the robbery.
  219. curb
    • (n.) a restraint or framework
    • A curb was put up along the street to help drainage.
  220. curmudgeon
    • (n.) an ill-tempered person
    • The curmudgeon asked the children not to play near the house.
  221. cursory
    • (adj.) hasty; slight
    • The detective’s cursory examination of the crime scene caused him to overlook the lesser clues.
  222. cynic
    • (n.) one who believes that others are motivated entirely by selfishness.
    • The cynic felt that the hero saved the man to become famous.

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