Medical Termonology: Chapter 11

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auntlilly
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179352
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Medical Termonology: Chapter 11
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2012-10-23 15:50:50
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Chapter 11
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Medical terms for chapter 11, the digestive system
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  1. Alimentary Canal, Gastrointestinal Tract
    Digestive System
  2. What is the Digestive System Composed of?
    Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small intestive, Large intestine, Anus
  3. Ingestion
    The taking of nutrients though the mouth
  4. Digestion
    The mechanical and chemical break down of food for use by body cells
  5. Absorption
    The transfer of digested food from the small intestine to the blood steam
  6. Elimination
    The removal of solid waste from the body
  7. an/o
    anus
  8. antr/o
    antrum
  9. cec/o
    cecum
  10. col/o,colon/o
    colon
  11. duoden/o
    duodenum
  12. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  13. esophag/o
    esophagus
  14. gastr/o
    stomach
  15. ile/o
    ileum
  16. jejun/o
    jejunum
  17. or/o, stomat/o
    mouth
  18. proct/o, rect/o
    rectum
  19. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  20. abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o
    abdomen
  21. append/o, appendic/o
    appendix
  22. cheil/o
    lip
  23. choloangi/o
    bile duct
  24. chol/e (CV is "e")
    gall, duct
  25. choledoche/o
    common bile duct
  26. diverticul/o
    diverticulum
  27. gingiv/o
    gum
  28. gloss/o, lingu/o
    tongue
  29. hepat/o
    liver
  30. herni/o
    hernia
  31. palat/o
    palate
  32. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  33. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  34. polyp/o
    polyp, small growth
  35. pylor/o
    pylorus, pyloric sphincter
  36. sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  37. steat/o
    fat
  38. uvul/o
    uvula
  39. hemi-
    half
  40. -pepsia
    digestion
  41. adhesion
    abnormal growing together of two surfaces that are normally separate
  42. anorexia nervosa
    eating disorder, starving ones self
  43. bulemia
    eating disorder (binge and purge)
  44. celiac disease
    malabsorption syndrome
  45. cirrhosis
    chronic livre diease, gradual destructionof cells, formation of scar tissue
  46. Chrohn disease
    chronic inflammation of intestinal tract affecting ileum and colon
  47. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    abnormal backflow of gastrointestinal (GI) contents into esophagus
  48. hemochromatosis
    iron metabolism disorder
  49. hemorrhoids
    swollen or distended veins in rectal area
  50. ileus
    obstruction of the intestine
  51. intussusception
    telescoping of segment of intstine
  52. irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    periodic disturbances of bowel function
  53. obesity
    excess body fat
  54. peptc ulcer
    eroded area of mucous membrane of stomach or duodenum
  55. polyp
    tumor-like growth, extends outward from mucous membrane
  56. ulcerative colitis
    inflammation of colon
  57. volvulus
    twisting or kinking of intestines
  58. PEG
    percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  59. abdominoperineal resection (A & P resection)
    removal of distal colon and rectum through both abdominal and perineal approaches
  60. anastomosis (pl. anastomoses)
    opening created by surgically joining two structures, blood vessels and bowel segments
  61. bariatric surgery
    surgical reduction of gastric capacity
  62. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB)
    bypass part of small intestine
  63. venrtical banded gastroplasty (VBG)
    stomach stapling
  64. hemorrhoidectomy
    excision of hemrrhoids
  65. vagotomy
    cutting of certain branches of vagus nerve
  66. Abdominal Ultrasonography
    process of recording images of internal organs
  67. Barium Enema
    series of radiographic images of large intestine
  68. Upper GI (gastrointestinal) sereis
    seies of radiographic images of stomach and duodenum
  69. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
    radiographic examination using contrast media, fluoroscopy, and endoscopy
  70. Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
    procedure using endoscope fitted with ultrasound probe
  71. Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)
    test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces
  72. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibodies test
    blood test to determine presence of H. pylori bacteria
  73. Ascites
    abnormal collection of fluid in teh peritoneal cavity
  74. dysentery
    inflammation of teh intestine
  75. emesis
    vomiting
  76. feces
    stool, fecal matter
  77. flatus
    gas
  78. gastric lavage
    washing out the stomach
  79. gavage
    process of feeding a person through a nasogastric (NG) tube
  80. hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  81. hematochezia
    passage of bloody feces
  82. melena
    black, tarry stool
  83. nausea
    urge to vomit
  84. peristalsis
    involuntary wavelike contraction
  85. felux
    abnormal backward flow
  86. stoma
    surgical opening between an organ and the surgace of the body
  87. Vomitus, Emesis
    vomiting
  88. A & P resection
    abdominoperineal resection
  89. BE
    barium enema
  90. EGD
    esophagastroduodenoscopy
  91. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  92. EUS
    endoscopic ultrasound
  93. FOBT
    fecal occult blood test
  94. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  95. GI
    gastrointestinal
  96. H. pylori
    Helicobacter pylori
  97. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  98. NG
    nasogastric
  99. N & V
    nausea and vomitting
  100. PEG
    percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  101. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  102. UPPP
    uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

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