Medical Terminology:Chapter 10 Part 2

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auntlilly
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179357
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Medical Terminology:Chapter 10 Part 2
Updated:
2012-10-23 15:03:47
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Chapter 10 Part
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Medical terms for the immune and lymphatic systems and blood
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  1. lymph/o
    lymph, lymph tissue
  2. lympaden/o
    lymph node
  3. splen/o
    spleen
  4. thym/o
    thymus gland
  5. hodgkin disease
    malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue
  6. infectious mononucleosis (mono)
    acute infection caused by the Epstein- Barr virus
  7. Function of Immune System
    protects the body against pathogens (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) foreign agents that cause allergic reactions or toxins
  8. Three lines of defense in the Immune System; First Line
    prevents foreign sustances from entering the body
  9. Second line of defense in the immune system
    continues to battle disease; inflammation fever phagocytosis
  10. Third line of defense of the immune system
    Specific immunity, formation of specific antibodies to fight against the infectious agent
  11. Allergen
    an environmental sustance capable of producing an immediate hypersensitivity in the body
  12. allergist
    physician who studies and treats allergic condition
  13. alleergy
    hypersensitivity to a substance
  14. anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock)
    an exaggerated, life-threatening response of a previously encounter antigen
  15. antibody (immunoglobulins)
    sustance produced by lmyphocytes
  16. antigen
    substance that triggers an immune response
  17. autoimmune disease
    disease caused by the body's inability to distinguish its own cells from foreign bodies
  18. immune
    resistant to specific invading pathogens
  19. immunodeficiency
    deficient immune response caused by immune system dysfunction
  20. immunologist
    physician who studies and treats immune system disorders
  21. immunology
    branch of medicine that deals with immune system disorders
  22. phagocytosis
    process in which some white blood cells destroy invading micoorganism and old cells
  23. vaccine
    a suspension of inactivated micoorganisms to prevent infectious disease by inducing immunity
  24. Primary Function of Blood
    maintains internal balance in the body
  25. Activities of the blood
    transportation, protection, regulation
  26. plasma
    liqid portion of blood in which cells are suspended
  27. myel/o
    bone marrow
  28. plasm/o
    plasma
  29. thromb/o
    clot
  30. -apheresis
    removal
  31. -penia
    abnormal reduction in number
  32. -poiesis
    formation
  33. anemia
    reduction in number of red blood cells (RBCs)
  34. embolus (pl. emboli)
    blood clot of foreign material (fat or air) enters blood stream and moves until it lodges
  35. hemophilia
    inherited bleeding disease
  36. leukemia
    malignant diseaes, excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells formed in the bone marrow
  37. sepsis
    a condition in which pathogenic microorganism enter the bloodstream
  38. bone marrow aspiration
    used to diagnose, stage and monitor disease and condition of blood cells, use syringe to aspirate liquid portion of bone marrow
  39. bone marrow biopsy
    used to diagnose, stage and monitor diease and condition of blood cells, use needle puncture to obtain bone marrow.
  40. Aspiration
    use syringe to aspirate liquid portion of bone marrow
  41. biopsy
    use needle puncture to obtain bone marrow
  42. bone marrow transplant
    infusion of healthy bone marrow cells from a donor with matching cells and tissue to a recipient
  43. coagulation time
    blood test to determine the time it takes for blood to clot
  44. hemoglobin (Hgb)
    blood test to determine the concentration of hemoglobin (oxygen-carrying components in RBCs)
  45. heatocrit (HCT)
    blood test to measure the volume of RBCs
  46. prothrombine time (PT)
    blood test to determine cetrain coagulation activity defects
  47. partial thromboplastin tiem (PTT)
    blood tests to monitor anticoagulation therapy for patients taking Heparin, intravenous anticoagulant medication
  48. antiocagulant
    agent that slows the blood clotting process
  49. blood dyscrasia
    abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
  50. hemorrhage
    rapid loss of blood
  51. CBC and diff, CBC with diff
    complete blood count and differential
  52. HCT
    hematocrit
  53. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  54. IV
    intravenous
  55. PT
    prothrombin time
  56. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  57. RBC 
    Red blood cells (erythrocyte)
  58. WBC
    white blood cells (leukocyte)

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