Medical Terminology: Chapter 10 Part 1

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Medical Terminology: Chapter 10 Part 1
2012-10-23 15:50:03
Chapter 10 Part

Medical Terms for the Cardiovascular System
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  1. Upper chambers of the heart
    right and left atria
  2. Lower chambers
    right and left ventricles
  3. septum
    atrial septum separates atria
  4. Tricuspid valve (3 flaps)
    lies between the right atrium and the right ventricle
  5. mitral valve (2 flaps)
    lies between left atrium and left ventricle
  6. Three layers of the heart
    Epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium
  7. Epicardium
    covers the heart
  8. Myocardium
    middle, thick, muscular layer
  9. Endocardium
    inner lining of the heart
  10. Blood Vessels
    Tubelike structures that carry blood throughout the body
  11. Arteries
    Carry blood containing oxygen and other nutrients away from the heart to the body cells. Except the pulmonary artery carries carbon dioxide and other waste products to the lungs
  12. Arterioles
    smallest arteries
  13. Aorta
    largest artery in the body
  14. Veins
    carry blood containing carbon dioxide and other waste products back to the heart. Except the pulmonary vein
  15. Venules
    smallest veins in the body
  16. Venae Cavae
    largest veins in the body
  17. Inferior vena cava
    carries blood to the heart from body parts below the diaphragm
  18. Superior vena cava
    carries blood to the heart from upper part of body
  19. Capillaries
    connect arterioles with venules
  20. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood vessel)
  21. aort/o
  22. arteri/o
  23. atri/o
  24. cardi/o
  25. phleb/o, ven/o
  26. plasm/o
  27. valv/o, valvul/o
  28. ventricul/o
  29. ather/o
    fatty plaque, yellowish
  30. ech/o
  31. electr/o
    electricity, electrical activity
  32. isch/o
    deficiency, blockage
  33. therm/o
  34. thromb/o
  35. brady-
  36. -ac
    pertaining to
  37. -graph
    instrument used to record, record
  38. -sclerosis
  39. -gram
    record, radiographic image
  40. -graph
    instrument used ot record
  41. -graphy
    process of recording, radiographic imaging
  42. acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
    sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to heart
  43. Aneurysm
    ballooning of weakened portion of arterial wall
  44. angina pectoris
    chest pain from insufficient supply of blood to heart
  45. arrhythmia
    disturbance or abnormality in heart's normal rhythmic pattern
  46. atrial fibrillation (Afib, A-fib)
    cariac arrhythmia causing chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria
  47. cardiac arrest
    sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation
  48. cardiac tamponade
    acute compression of the heart by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
  49. coarctation of the aorta
    narrowing of the aorta,
  50. congenital heart disease
    heart abnormality present at birth
  51. congestive heart failure (CHF)
    inability of heart to pump sufficient blood supply
  52. coronary artery diesease (CAD)
    condition of reduced blood flow through coronary arteries to myocardium
  53. coronary occlusion
    obstruction of an artery
  54. deep veiin thrombosis (DVT)
    condition of thrombus in a deep vein
  55. hypertensive heart disease (HHD)
    disorder of the heart caused by persistent high blood pressue
  56. intermittent claudication
    pain/ discomfort in calf muscles while walking
  57. mitral valve stenosis
    narrowing of mitral valve from scarring
  58. myocardial infarctio (MI) heart attack
    death (necrosis) of a portion of the myocardium, interrupted blood supply causing lack of oxygen
  59. peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
    narrowing or complete obstruction of arteries in arms and legs
  60. rheumatic heart disease
    damage to heart muscle or heart valves caused by rheumatic fever
  61. varicose veins
    distend or tortuous veins
  62. aneurysmectomy
    surgical excision of aneurysm
  63. atrial fibrillation (atrial fib) ablation
    abnormal cells that trigger atrial fib are destroyed by using radifrequency energy
  64. cardiac pacemaker
    used to treat abnormal heart rhythm
  65. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    surgical technique to bring new blood supply to heart by detouring around blocked arteries
  66. Coronary stent
    device placed in coronary artery to prevent closure of artery after angioplasty or atherectomy
  67. embolectormy
    surgical removal of embolus or clot
  68. femoropopliteal bypass (fempop)
    surgery to establish alternate route from femoral artery to the popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction
  69. implantable cardiac defibrillator
    continually monitors heart rhythm, delivers electric shock if life-threatening arrhythmia occurs
  70. intracoronary thrombolytic therapy
    injection of medication to dissolve blood clotes in the coronary arteries
  71. percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)- also called balloon angioplasty
    procedure to expand inner diameter of blood vessel to allow blood to circulate more freely
  72. echocardiogram (ECHO)
    used to detect valvular disease
  73. digital subtraction angiography (DSA)
    digital radiographic imaging of blood vessels
  74. Doppler ultrasound
    study uses sound for detection of blood flow within vessels
  75. exercise stress test
    evaluates cardiac function during physical stress
  76. single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
    nuclear medicine scar, visualizes heart from several different angles
  77. thalllium test
    radioacctive isotope injected intravenously, used to diagnose coronary artery disease or revascularization after CABG
  78. transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)
    ultrasound probe placeed in esophagus
  79. impedance plethysmography (IPC)
    plethysmograph measures changes in blood volume and resistance (impedance) in vein
  80. ausculation
    hearing sounds within body through a stethoscope
  81. blood pressure
    measures pressure exterted by blood against blood vessel walls
  82. pulse
    number of times per minute heatbeat felt on arterial wall
  83. sphygmomanometer
    device to meaure blood pressure
  84. C-reactive protein (CRP)
    indicates inflammation in body when elevated
  85. Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK)
    enzyme released by heart and skeletal muscle when there is iinjury or necrosis
  86. homocysteine
    amino acid, may indicated increased risk of cardiovascular disease if elevated
  87. lipid profile
    used to assess risk of developing cardiovascular disease
  88. troponin
    heart muscle enzyme
  89. defibrillation
    applying electric shock to myocardium through cehst wall to restore normal rhythm
  90. diastole
    phase when ventricles relax between contractions
  91. extracorporeal
    occurring outside the body
  92. extravasaion
    escape of blood from vessel into tissue
  93. fibrillation
    contraction of atria or ventricles becomes non coordinated and quivers rapidly
  94. heart murmur
    humming sound
  95. hypertension
    blood pressure above normal (140/90)
  96. hypotension
    blood pressure below normal (90/60)
  97. lipids
    fats and fatlike substances
  98. lumen
    space within a tubular part of organ
  99. occlude
    to close tightly, to block
  100. systole
    phase in cardiac cycle when ventricles contract
  101. vasoconstrictor
    agent or nerve that narrows blood vessels
  102. Vasodilator
    agent or nerve that enlarges blood vessels
  103. ACS
    acute coronary syndrome
  104. Afib
    atrial fibrillation
  105. AV
  106. BP
    blood pressure
  107. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  108. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  109. CCU
    coronary care unit
  110. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  111. CPK
    creatine phosphokinase
  112. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  113. CPR
    C-reactive protein
  114. DSA
    digital subtraction angiography
  115. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  116. ECG, EKG
  117. ECHO
  118. HHD
    hypertensive heart disease
  119. ICD 
    implantable cardiac defibrillator
  120. IV
  121. MI
    myocardial infarction
  122. PAD
    peripheral artery disease
  123. PT
    prothrombin time
  124. PTCA
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  125. SPECT
    single-photon emission computed tomography
  126. TEE
    transesophageal echocardiogram