Medical Terminology: Chapter 5

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Medical Terminology: Chapter 5
2012-10-23 18:35:29

Medical Terms for Chapter 5, respiratory system
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  1. Internal respiration
    the body cells take on oxygen from the blood, simultaneously gives back varbon dioxide
  2. nose
    lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs, acts as a filter to moisten and warm the entering air
  3. pharynx (throat)
    seves as a food and air passageway
  4. Larynx (voice box)
    location of the vocal cords
  5. trachea (windpipe)
    passageway for air to the bronchi
  6. Bronchus
    one of two branches form the trachea, conducts air into the lungs
  7. lungs
    two sponge-like organs in the thoracic cavity
  8. Pleura
    serous membrane covering each lung and lining the thoracic cavity
  9. diaphragm
    muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity, aids in breathing
  10. mediastiunum
    space between the lungs
  11. adenoid/o
  12. alveol/o
  13. bronchi/o, bronch/o
  14. diaphragmat/o, phren/o
  15. epiglott/o
  16. laryng/o
  17. lob/o
  18. nas/o, rhin/o
  19. pharyng/o
  20. pleur/o
  21. pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o
    lung, air
  22. pulmon/o
  23. sept/o
  24. sinus/o
  25. thorac/o
  26. tonsill/o
  27. trache/o
  28. atel/o
    imperfect, incomplete
  29. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  30. hem/o, hemat/o
  31. muc/o
  32. orth/o
  33. ox/o, ox/i
  34. phon/o
    sound, voice
  35. py/o
  36. somn/o
  37. spir/o
    breathe, breathing
  38. a-, an-
    absence of, without 
  39. endo-
  40. eu-
    normal, good
  41. pan-
    all, total
  42. poly-
    many, much
  43. tachy-
    fast, rapid
  44. -algia
  45. -ar, -ary, -eal
    pertainng to
  46. -cele
    hernia or protrusion
  47. -ectasis
    stretching out, expansion, dilation
  48. -emia
    blood condition
  49. -meter
    instrument used to measure
  50. -metry
  51. -pnea
  52. -rrhagia
    rapid flow of blood
  53. -spasm
    sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
  54. -strenosis
    constriction or narrowing
  55. -thorax
  56. -graphy
    process of recording
  57. -scope
    instrument used for visual examination
  58. -scopic
    pertaining to visual examination
  59. -scopy
    visual examination
  60. -centesis
    surgical puncture with sterile needle to aspirate fluid
  61. -pexy 
    surgical fixation, suspension
  62. -stomy
    creation of an artificial opening
  63. -tomy
    cut into or incision
  64. adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    respiratory failure in an adult which results from disease or injury
  65. asthma
    respiratory disease
  66. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    group of disorders almost always a result of smoking that obstructs bronchial flow
  67. coccidioidomycosis (valley fever, cocci)
    fungal disesase affecting lungs and sometimes other organs of body
  68. cor pulmonale
    serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders
  69. croup
    condition resulting from acute obstruction of larynx
  70. cystic fibrosis (CF)
    hereditary disorder of exocrine glands
  71. deviated septum
    one part of nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury
  72. emphysema
    caused by alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
  73. epistaxis (rhinorrhagia)
  74. influenza (flu)
    highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus
  75. Legionnaire disease
    lobar pneumonia based by the bacterium legionella pnemophila
  76. obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
    repetitive pharygeal collapse during sleep
  77. pertussis (whooping cough)
    highly contagious bacterial infection of respiratory tract
  78. pleural effusion
    escape of fluid into pleural space as a result of inflammation
  79. pulmonary edema
    fluid accumulation in alveoli and bronchioles
  80. pulmonary embolism (PE)
    foreign matter carried in circulation to pulmonary artery where it blocks circulation
  81. tuberculosis (TB)
    infectious disease, caused by acid-fast bacillus
  82. upper respiratory infection (URI)
    infection of nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
  83. polysomnography
    process of recording many tests during sleep
  84. chest computed tomography scan (CT scan)
    creates computerized images in section sliced from front to back
  85. ventilation-perfusion scanning (lung scan)
    used to diagnose pulmonary embolism and other condistion
  86. acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear
    test on sputum, presence indicated TB
  87. arterial blood gases (ABGs)
    determines level of oxygen, carbon dioxide and other gases
  88. peak flow meter
    portable instrument to measure forced exhalation
  89. pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
    group of tests to measure breathing
  90. pulse oximetry
    measures oxygen in blood using device attached to fingertip
  91. auscultation
    listening to body sounds through stethoscope
  92. percussion
    tapping on body surface with fingers
  93. airway
    passageway through which air enters and leave lung
  94. asphyxia
  95. aspirate
    withdraw or suction fluid from respiratroy trcat
  96. bronchoconstrictor
    afent that causes narrowing of bronchi
  97. broncholdilator
    agent that cause bronchi to widen
  98. cough
    sudden, noisy expulsion of air from lungs
  99. hiccup
    spasmodic contrction of diaphragm
  100. hypterventilation
    ventilation beyond normal body needs
  101. hypovenilation
    ventilation does not fulfill body's gas exchange needs
  102. mucopurulent
    containing both mucus and pus
  103. Mucus
    slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
  104. nebulizer
    respiratory treatment
  105. nosocomial infection
    infection acquired during hospitalization
  106. paroxysm
    sudden, periodic attack
  107. patent
  108. sputum
    mucus secretion expelled from lungs, bronchi, trachea through mouth
  109. ventilator
    mechanical device used to assist with or substitue for breathing
  110. ABGs
    arterial blood gases
  111. AFB
    acid-fast bacillus
  112. ARDS
    adult (acute) respiratory distress syndrome
  113. CF
    cystic fibrosis
  114. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  115. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  116. CT
    computed tomography
  117. CXR
    chest x-ray
  118. flu
  119. LLL
    left lower lobe
  120. LTB
    laryngotracheobronchitis (croup)
  121. LUL
    left upper lobe
  122. O2
  123. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  124. PE
    pulmonary embolism
  125. PFTs
    pulmonary function tests
  126. PSG
  127. RLL
    right lower lobe
  128. RML
    right middle lobe
  129. RUL
    right upper lobe
  130. SOB
    shortness of breath
  131. TB
  132. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  133. VPS
    ventilation perfusion scan (lung scan)
  134. BiPAP
    bilevel positive airway pressure
  135. CPT
    chest physiotherapy
  136. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  137. DPI
    dry powder inhaler
  138. HME
    heat/moisture exchanger
  139. IPPB
    intermittent positive pressure breathing
  140. MDI
    metered dose inhaler
  141. NPPV
    noninvasive positive-pressure ventilator
  142. PEP
    positive expiratory pressure
  143. SVN
    small volume nebulizer
  144. VAP
    ventilator associated pneumonia