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How did the westward expansion take place?
the center of population was moving west
incresde in the number of states
west became the symbol of the new america
the pioneer farmer became the new common man
Why was the population growing?
The population doubled every 25 years
growth of cities
What was the growth of the market economy?
growing more crops to sell
What did Cyrus McCormick invent? What did Deere invent?
What were the problems with the growth of the market economy?
The machines cost alot so farmers went into debt
What was included in the transportation revoultion?
What is a turnpike? What was the national road?
the first road paid for by federal money
Who invented the steam boat?
What did the erie canal do?
Connects Lake Erie to the Hudson river
reduced the price of goods
made New York the major city in America
helped move people west
When was the railroad boom? When was the first one?
1840s and 50s
Who built the first factory in america? What kind was it?
Who bulit the cotton gin? What did it do?
made cotton the major cash crop of the south
revived the platation system and the importance of slavery
pushed settledment westward(depleted soil)
helped notthern idustry
What else did Whitney make, besides cotton gin?
What were the problems of the industrial revolution? What was the Lowell Factory?
Poor working conditions
women worked- Lowell factory- model factory that hired young unmarried women, the facotry controlled them
What book did Alexis de Tocqueville write? What was he impressed with?
Democracy in America
impressed with americas religoius freedom anf lack of class structure
What was Knickerboxer school? Who were Ivring, copper, and whitman?
the first american literature- it was a style
Ivring wrote the Legend of Sleepy Hallows
Copper wrote the Last of the Moehekins
Whitman was considered the poet of democracy
What was the Hudson River School(style)?
known for painting landscapes
Who did much of the american music come from? Who was Foster?
the most famous composer of this time
What were reults of transformation?
more intrest in politics
growth of sectionalism
brought about the reform movement
brought about the age of the common man
Who were canidates in the election of 1824?
John quincy adams
Where was william crawford form? What did he suffer from during the campain?
Where was Henry Clay from? What was his job? What was his program?
speaker of the house
the american system
What was the american system?
designed to make the u.s self-sufficient with
Where was john quincy adams from? what did he agree with?
secratary of state
Where was jackson form? Who was he the champion of?
champioan of the common man
What were the results of the election of 1824? Where do it go, who is it between?
Jackson 99 ev 43%
Adams 84 ec 30%
Crawford 41 ev 13%
clay 37 ev 13%
goes to the house between jackson and adams
What was the outcome of the election of 1824?
Clay helps adams get elected
Adams appointed clay secratary of state
Jackson suppoters claim it is a "corrupt Bargain"
What did adams try to get passed as president? Why did he fail?
the american system
failed because the jackson supporters blocked him out of congress
most americans didn't agree with the american system
What was the Tarriff of Abominations? What was the South Carolina Exposition?
raised the tariff rate 45%
reaction to tariff of abinations that said a state could nullfiy unjust federl law
wrote by calhouun
What was the revolution of 1828?
chnaged power from the elite to the common man
What was Jacksonian democracy characterized by? What was not important?
the common man- pioneer farmers
What were the reasons for jacksonian democracy?
the expanding frointer
common man got more interseted in politics
What were the democratic changes under jacksonian democracy?
change in voting requirements
more people voting
return of the two party system
party platforms and campaining
What were the problems of Jacksonian democracy?
political machines- party organizations set up to get canidates elected
spoil system-gov. jobs were given to loyal party members
partison newspaper- party newspapers
Who was Martin Van Buren? Who was John Eaton?
Martin van Buren was secratary of state and became Jackson right hand man
John Eaton was secratary of war
WHat was the kitchen cabinent?
Jackson's friends and real advisors
What was the Peggy Eaton affair? What were the results?
all of Jackson's first cabinet reigned over questions of Peggy Eaton's character
created a break between Calhoun and Jackson
helped van Buren's politcal carrer
How many bills did Jackson veto? What was he the first president to do?
more than the first 6 presidents combined
to veto a bill because he didnt like it
What was the Maysville road veto?
jackson vetoed a bill that would extended national road from maysville kentucky to louisville kentucky
What was Worcester vs. Georgis?
state of ga. passed a law that takes over the cheeroke nation
cheerokees go to court
marshall sided with indians
jackson ignored the courts decison
What was trail of tears? What did jackson believe?
15000 cherokees are moved west, about a forth die on the way
believed he had treated the indians fairly
What was the Webster- Hayne debate?
Hayne said that the states had created the county and therefore could nullify federal laws
webster said the people had created the counrty and only the supreme court could declare laws constinional- believed in liberty and union
jackson said the union must be preserved
What was the nullification crisis?
Calhoum get ssouth carolina to pass the ordiances of Nullifications- they nullify the tariff of abominations
Jackson had congrress pass the force bill- gave him the power to use the army to force s. carolina to pay tariff
What was the compromise tariff of 1833?
made by clay
lowered tariff and calhoun a way put
What was the result of nullifcation crisis?
nig defeat for states rights
What was Jackson vs. the Bank?
Jackson hated the bankl and wanted to kill it
clay and webster fight jackson over the bank and make it an issue of the election of 1832
Jackson wins and believes he has mandate to kill the bank
he takes federal money out of the BUS and put sit into 23 state banks called Pet Banks
What was the result of Jackson vs. Bank?
an economic boom based on easy credit and land speculation
What was the spiecies circular? WHat did it lead to?
jacksons excutive order that said land had to be bought with gold and silver
led to the panic of 1837
Who formed the Whigs?What was it based on?
clay wbester and calhoun
hatred of andrew jackson
What was Jacksons Legacy?
put democratic ideals into practice
enforced principal of the federal governments power over the states
helped bring the common man into politics
What did Van Buren spend 4 yrs doing?
trying to solve the panic of 1837
When was Harrison elected president? What was this considerd?
election of 1840
considered the first modern campaign
What happened to Harrison?
died after a month in office
tyler became presdient ans was eventullay kicked out of the whig party
what did the cult of domesticity say?
a womens place is in the home
WHat was the secenca falls convention? Who was involved in it?
beginning of the womens rights movement
Lucretia mott and elizabeth cady stanton
What was unitarianism?
salvation through good works
What was the second great awakening? Who was the leading preacher?
beleived man could change things for the better
Charles G. Finney
Who founded the mormons?
Who took the mormons to Utah?
Who was the main person of the prison and mental health movement?
What did the Aubrun and pennslyvannia systems do?
led to rehablitation rather than punishment
prison and mental health
What was the american colonization society?
wanted to send black people back to africa
Who was william garrison? What did he believe in?
published anti slavery newspaper the liberator
immeadiate uncompenstated emancipation
Who was frderick douglas and sojourner truth?
Who were the grimke sisters?
What was the gag rule?
could not talk about slavery or aboltion in congress
Who was Horace Mann?
father of education
What were normal schools?
Who were Emma willard and Mary Lyons
started schools for women
What was temperance? Who was leader of the movement?
Who was Neal Dow?
helped maine pass prohibiton law
What was transcendilsim? Who was major spokesman? Who was Thoreau? Magaret Fuller?
truth trascends the senses
editor of the dial
What kind of society was new harmony? Who founded it?
What kind of society was oneida? Founder?
what kind of society were the shakers? founder?
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