Medical Terminology: Chapter 4

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auntlilly
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179430
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Medical Terminology: Chapter 4
Updated:
2012-10-25 13:17:35
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Medical Terms for chapter 4 Integumentary system
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  1. cutane/o, dem/o, dermat/o
    skin
  2. hidr/o
    sweat
  3. kerat/o
    horny tissue, hard
  4. onych/o, ungu/o
    nail
  5. seb/o
    sebum (oil)
  6. trich/o
    hair
  7. aut/o
    self
  8. bi/o
    life
  9. coni/o
    dust
  10. crypt/o
    hidden
  11. heter/o
    other
  12. myc/o
    fungus
  13. necr/o
    death
  14. pachy/o
    thick
  15. rhytid/o
    wrinkles
  16. staphyl/o
    grape-like clusters
  17. strept/o
    twisted chains
  18. xer/o
    dry
  19. epi-
    on, upon, over
  20. intra-
    within
  21. para-
    beside, beyond, around, abnormal
  22. per-
    through
  23. sub-
    under, below
  24. trans-
    through, across, beyond
  25. -a
    noun suffix, no meaning
  26. -coccus
    berry-shaped
  27. -ia
    diseased or abnormal state, condition of
  28. -itis
    inflammation
  29. -malacia
    softening
  30. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  31. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  32. -ectomy
    excision, surgical removal
  33. -opsy
    view of, viewing
  34. -plasty
    surgical repair
  35. -tome
    instrument used to cut
  36. abrasion
    scraping away of skin by mechanical process or injury
  37. abscess
    localized collection of pus
  38. acne
    inflammatory disease of skin
  39. actinic keratosis
    precancerous condition of horny tissue
  40. albinism
    congenital hereditary condition
  41. basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
    epithelial tumor that arises from the epidermis
  42. candidiasis
    fungal infection of skin, mouth (thrush) or vagina caused by overgrowth of candida albicans
  43. carbuncle
    skin infections, cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria
  44. cellulitis
    inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection
  45. contusion (bruise)
    injury with no break in skin
  46. eczema
    noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease
  47. fissure
    slit of cracklike sore in skin
  48. furuncle (boil)
    painful skin node
  49. gangrene
    death of tissue
  50. herpes
    inflammatory skin desease
  51. impetigo
    superficial skin infection characterized by pustules
  52. infection
    invasion of pathogens in body tissue may be localized or systemic
  53. Kaposi Sarcoma
    cancerous condition, starts as purple or brown papules on lower extremities
  54. laceration
    torn ragged edged wound
  55. lesion
    visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease
  56. MRSA infection
    methicillin resistant staphyloccus aureus, increasingly emerging as an important infecction in the general population
  57. pediculosis
    invasion into skin and hair by lice
  58. psoriasis
    chronic skin condition, produces red lesions covered with silvery scales
  59. rosacea
    chronic disorder of skin that produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken vessel
  60. scabies
    skin infection caused by itch mite
  61. scleroderma
    disease characterized by chronic hardening of connective tissue of skin and other organs
  62. shingles (herpes zoster)
    painful, inflamed blisters that follow the route of a nerve
  63. squamous cell carcinoma (SqCCA)
    malignant growth that develops from scale-like epithelial tissue
  64. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
    chronic inflammatory disease involving skin, joints, kidneys, nervouse system
  65. tinea
    fungal infection of skin
  66. urticaria (hives)
    itching skin eruption
  67. vitiligo
    white patches on skin
  68. cauterization
    destruction of tissue with hot or cold
  69. cryosurgery
    destruction of tissue using extremely cold
  70. debridement
    removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from open wound
  71. dermabrasion
    procedure to remove skin scars with use of abrasive material such as sandpaper
  72. excision
    removal by cutting
  73. incision
    surgical cut or would produced by a sharp instrument
  74. incision and drainage (I&D)
    surgical cut to allow free flow or withdrawal of fluids from lession, wound or cavity
  75. adipose
    fat, fatty
  76. allergy
    hypersesitivity to a substance
  77. alopecia
    loss of hair
  78. bacteria
    single-celled microorganisms that reproduce by cell division
  79. cicatrix
    scar
  80. cyst
    closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
  81. cytomegalovirus (CMV)
    herpes type virus that usually causes disease when immune system is compromised
  82. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  83. ecchymosis (bruise)
    escape of blood into tissues, causes superficial discoloration
  84. edema
    puffy swelling of tissue from accumulation of fluid
  85. erythema
    redness
  86. induration
    abnormal hard spot(s)
  87. fungus
    organism that feeds by absorbing organic molecules from surroundings
  88. jaundice (xanthoderma)
    condition characterized by yellow tinge to skin
  89. keloid
    overgrowth of scar tissue
  90. leukoplakia
    condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane
  91. macule
    colored spot on skin
  92. nevus (mole)
    circumscribed malformation of skin, congenital nevus present at birth called birthmark
  93. nodule
    small, knotlike mass that can be felt by touch
  94. pallor
    paleness
  95. papule (pimple)
    small, solid sin elevation
  96. petechia (pl. petechiae)
    pinpoint skin hemorrhage
  97. pressure ulcer (decubitus ulcer, decub, bedsore)
    eroded sore on skin caused by prolonged pressure
  98. pruritus
    severe itching
  99. purpura
    disorder characterized by hemorrhages into tissue which gives skin a purple-red discoloration
  100. pustule
    elevation of skin containing pus
  101. ulcer
    eroded sore on skin or mucous membrane
  102. verruca (wart)
    circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus
  103. vesicle (blister)
    small elvation of epidermis containing liquid
  104. virus
    minute microorganism smaller than a bacterium
  105. wheal
    itchy elevation of skin with white center and red surrounding area
  106. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  107. Bx
    biopsy
  108. MRSA
    methicillin-resistant staph aureus
  109. CA-MRSA
    community-acquired MRSA
  110. HA-MRSA
    hospital-acquired MRSA
  111. CMV
    cytomegalovirus
  112. decub
    decubitus
  113. derm
    dermatology
  114. I&D
    incision and drainage
  115. ID
    intradermal
  116. SLE
    systemic Lupus Erythematosis
  117. SqCCA
    squamous cell carcinoma
  118. staph
    staphylococcus
  119. strep
    streptococcus
  120. subcut (subq, sq)
    subcutaneous
  121. TD
    transdermal

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