PSYC of G ch. 7

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PSYC of G ch. 7
2012-10-23 21:26:38

PSYC of G ch. 7
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  1. Stanford-Binet test
    • early intelligence test
    • showed no gender differences
  2. Wechsler test
    • revealed advantages on verbal tasks for females
    • revealed advantages in performance tasks for males
  3. differences in cognitive abilities in men and women
    • assessments measure, verbal, mathematical and spatial performance have bene defined in various ways
    • the differences between the genders is complex
    • women and men have advantages and disadvantages in each category
    • individual differences more important than gender differences
  4. skill associated with women that is now disappearing
    • verbal skills
    • except performance on writing tasks
  5. cognitive skills associated with males
    • standardized math tests
    • spatial visualization
    • mental rotation tasks
    • spatial perception tasks
    • use position orientation for wayfinding
  6. cognitive skills associated with females
    • better math grades
    • perceptual speed
    • memory for placement of objects
    • use landmarks for wayfinding
  7. cognitive skills with no gender difference
    • learning
    • memory
    • creativity
    • musical ability
    • ability to read nonverbal cues
  8. biological theories and cognitive abilities
    focus on prenatal hormone exposure and effect on developing brain structures
  9. brain imaging studies
    • show gender variations in patterns of brain activity
    • but few differences appear in performance
  10. social theories and cognitive abilities
    • biological distinctions become magnified and selected through cultural and experimental processes
    • this produces larger variations in women's and men's choices rather than abilities
  11. differences in cognitive abilities across cultures
    • white college students in US show larger gender differences from other groups around world
    • cultural influences on thought may be large
  12. mental rotation
    a subtype of spatial ability that includes the ability to visualize objects as they would appear if rotated in space
  13. spatial perception
    a subtype of spatial ability that includes the ability to identify and locate the horizontal or vertical in the presence of distracting information
  14. spatial visualization
    a subtype of spatial ability that refers to the ability to process spatial information so as to understand the relationship between objects in space
  15. spatiotemporal ability
    a subtype of spatial ability that involves judgments about moving objects in space