GMAT Vocab A-C.txt

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bruck007
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179496
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GMAT Vocab A-C.txt
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2012-10-23 22:22:09
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GMAT Vocabulary
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Common GMAT vocabulary words A-C
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  1. abaft
    (adv.) on or toward the rear of a ship
  2. abandon
    (v.; n) to leave behind; to give something up; freedom; enthusiasm; impetuosity
  3. abase
    (v.) to degrade; humiliate; disgrace
  4. abbreviate
    (v.) to shorten; compress; diminish
  5. abdicate
    (v.) to reject, renounce, or abandon
  6. aberrant
    (adj.) abnormal; straying from the normal or usual path
  7. abeyance
    (n.) a state of temporary suspension or inactivity
  8. abhor
    (v.) to hate
  9. abject
    (adj.) of the worst or lowest degree
  10. abjure
    (v.) to give up
  11. abnegation
    (n.) a denial
  12. abominate
    (v.) to loathe; to hate
  13. abridge
    (v.) to shorten; to limit
  14. abrogate
    (v.) to cancel by authority
  15. abrupt
    (adj.) happening or ending unexpectedly
  16. abscond
    (v.) to go away hastily or secretly; to hide
  17. absolve
    (v.) to forgive; to acquit
  18. abstemious
    (adj.) sparing in use of food or drinks
  19. abstinence
    (n.) the act or process of voluntarily refraining from any action or practice; self-control; chastity
  20. abstruse
    (adj.) hard to understand; deep; recondite
  21. abysmal
    (adj.) very deep
  22. accede
    (v.) to comply with; to consent to
  23. acclaim
    (n.) loud approval; applause
  24. accolade
    (n.) approving or praising mention; a sign of approval or respect
  25. accomplice
    (n.) co-conspirator; partner; partner-in-crime
  26. accretion
    (n.)growth by addition; a growing together by parts
  27. accrue
    (v.) a natural growth; a periodic increase
  28. acerbic
    (adj.) tasting sour; harsh in language or temper
  29. acquiesce
    (v.) to agree without protest
  30. acrid
    (adj.) sharp; bitter; foul smelling
  31. acrimony
    (n.) sharpness or bitterness in language or manner
  32. adage
    (n.) an old saying now accepted as being truthful
  33. adamant
    (adj.) not yielding, firm
  34. addled
    (adj.) rotten
  35. adept
    (adj.) skilled; practiced
  36. adjure
    (v.) solemnly ordered
  37. adroit
    (adj.) expert or skillful
  38. adulation
    (n.) praise in excess
  39. adulterate
    (v.) to corrupt, debase, or make impure
  40. adversary
    (n.) an enemy; foe
  41. adverse
    (adj.) negative; hostile; antagonistic; inimical
  42. advocate
    (v.; n.) to plead in favor of; supporter; defender
  43. aesthetic
    (adj.) of beauty; pertaining to taste in art and beauty
  44. affable
    (adj.) friendly; amiable; good-natured
  45. affiliate
    (v.) to connect or associate with; to accept as a member
  46. affinity
    (n.) a connection; similarity of structure
  47. aggrandize
    • (v.) to make more powerful
    • The king wanted to aggrandize himself and his kingdom.
  48. aghast
    (adj.) astonished; amazed; horrified; terrified; appalled
  49. agrarian
    (adj.) of the land
  50. alacrity
    (n.) eager readiness or speed
  51. alchemist
    (n.) a person who studies chemistry
  52. alchemy
    (n.) any mysterious change of substance or nature
  53. allegory
    (n.) a symbolic description
  54. alleviate
    (v.) to lessen or make easier
  55. allocate
    (v.) set aside; designate; assign
  56. allude
    (v.) to refer indirectly to something
  57. allure
    (v.; n.) to attract; entice; attraction; temptation; glamour
  58. allusion
    (n.) an indirect reference (often literary); a hint
  59. aloof
    (adj.) distant in interest; reserved; cool
  60. altercation
    (n.) controversy; dispute
  61. altruism
    (n.) unselfish devotion to the welfare of others
  62. altruistic
    (adj.) unselfish
  63. amalgam
    • (n.) a mixture or combination (often of metals)
    • amalgamate
    • (v.) to mix, merge, combine
  64. amass
    (v.) to collect together; accumulate
  65. ambiguous
    (adj.) not clear; uncertain; vague
  66. ambivalent
    (adj.) undecided
  67. ameliorate
    (v.) to improve or make better
  68. amendment
    (n.) a positive change
  69. amiable
    (adj.) friendly
  70. amiss
    (adj.; adv.) wrong; awry; wrongly; in a defective manner
  71. amity
    (n.) friendly relations
  72. amorphous
    (adj.) with no shape; unorganized; having no determinate form
  73. amortize
    (v.) to put money into a fund at fixed intervals
  74. anachronism
    (n.) something out of place in time (e.g., an airplane in 1492)
  75. analogy
    (n.) similarity; correlation; parallelism
  76. anaphylaxis
    (n.) an allergic reaction
  77. anarchist
    (n.) one who believes that a formal government is unnecessary
  78. anchorage
    (n.) something that can be relied on
  79. anecdote
    (n.) a short account of happenings
  80. animosity
    (n.) a feeling of hatred or ill will
  81. anoint
    (v.) to crown; ordain;
  82. anomaly
    (n.) an oddity, inconsistency; a deviation from the norm
  83. anonymous
    (adj.) nameless; unidentified
  84. antagonism
    (n.) hostility; opposition
  85. antipathy
    (n.) a strong dislike or repugnance
  86. apathy
    (n.) lack of emotion or interest
  87. apocalyptic
    (adj.) pertaining to a discovery or new revelation
  88. apocryphal
    (adj.) counterfeit; of doubtful authorship or authenticity
  89. appease
    (v.) to satisfy; to calm
  90. apposite
    (adj.) suitable; apt; relevant
  91. apprehensive
    (adj.) fearful; aware; conscious
  92. approbatory
    (adj.) approving or sanctioning
  93. arable
    (adj.) suitable (as land) for plowing
  94. arbiter
    (n.) one who is authorized to judge or decide
  95. arbitrary
    (adj.) based on one’s preference or judgment
  96. arcane
    (adj.) obscure; secret; mysterious
  97. archetype
    (n.) original pattern or model; prototype
  98. ardent
    (adj.) with passionate or intense feelings
  99. arduous
    (adj.) laborious, difficult; strenuous
  100. arid
    (adj.) extremely dry, parched; barren, unimaginative
  101. aromatic
    (adj.) having a smell which is sweet or spicy
  102. arrogant
    (adj.) acting superior to others; conceited
  103. arrogate
    (v.) to claim or demand unduly
  104. articulate
    (v.; adj.) to utter clearly and distinctly; clear, distinct; expressed with clarity; skillful with words
  105. artifice
    (n.) skill in a craft
  106. ascetic
    (n.; adj.) one who leads a simple life of self-denial; rigorously abstinent
  107. aseptic
    (adj.) germ free
  108. askance
    (adv.) a sideways glance of disapproval
  109. asperity
    (n.) harshness
  110. aspersion
    (n.) slanderous statement; a damaging or derogatory criticism
  111. aspirant
    (n.) a person who goes after high goals
  112. assay
    (n.) to determine the quality of a substance.
  113. assess
    (v.) to estimate the value of
  114. assiduous
    (adj.) carefully attentive; industrious
  115. assuage
    (v.) to relieve; ease; make less severe
  116. astringent
    (n.; adj.) a substance that contracts bodily tissues; causing contraction; tightening; stern, austere
  117. astute
    (adj.) cunning; sly; crafty
  118. atrophy
    (v.; n.) to waste away, as from lack of use; to wither; failure to grow
  119. attenuate
    (v.) to thin out; to weaken
  120. atypical
    (adj.) something that is abnormal
  121. audacious
    (adj.) fearless; bold
  122. augment
    (v.) to increase or add to; to make larger
  123. august
    (adj.) to be imposing or magnificent
  124. auspicious
    (adj.) being of a good omen; successful
  125. austere
    (adj.) having a stern look; having strict self-discipline
  126. authentic
    (adj.) real; genuine; trustworthy
  127. authoritarian
    (n.; adj.) acting as a dictator; demanding obedience
  128. autocracy
    (n.) an absolute monarchy; government where one person holds power
  129. autocrat
    (n.) an absolute ruler
  130. avarice
    (n.) inordinate desire for gaining and possessing wealth
  131. aver
    (v.) to affirm as true
  132. awry
    (adj; adv.) crooked(ly); uneven(ly); wrong; askew
  133. azure
    (adj.) the clear blue color of the sky
  134. baleful
    (adj.) harmful, malign, detrimental
  135. banal
    (adj.) trite; without freshness or originality
  136. baneful
    (adj.) deadly or causing distress, death
  137. baroque
    (adj.) extravagant; ornate; embellished
  138. bastion
    (n.) a fortified place or strong defense
  139. batten
    (v.) to gain
  140. bauble
    (n.) a showy yet useless thing
  141. beget
    (v.) to bring into being
  142. beholden
    (adj.) indebted to
  143. behoove
    (v.) to be advantageous; to be necessary
  144. belittle
    (v.) to make small; to think lightly of
  145. bellicose
    (adj.) quarrelsome; warlike
  146. bemuse
    (v.) to preoccupy in thought
  147. benefactor
    (n.) one who helps others; a donor
  148. beneficent
    (adj.) conferring benefits; kindly; doing good
  149. benevolent
    (adj.) kind; generous
  150. benign
    (adj.) mild; harmless
  151. berate
    (v.) scold; reprove; reproach; criticize
  152. bereft
    (v.; adj.) to be deprived of; to be in a sad manner; hurt by someone’s death
  153. beseech
    (v.) to ask earnestly
  154. besmirch
    (v.) to dirty or discolor
  155. bestial
    (adj.) having the qualities of a beast; brutal
  156. betroth
    (v.) to promise or pledge in marriage
  157. biased
    (adj.) prejudiced; influenced; not neutral
  158. biennial
    (adj.; n.) happening every two years; a plant which blooms every two years
  159. bilateral
    (adj.) pertaining to or affecting both sides or two sides; having two sides
  160. blasphemous
    (adj.) irreligious; away from acceptable standards; speaking ill of using profane language
  161. blatant
    (adj.) obvious; unmistakable; crude; vulgar
  162. blighted
    (adj.) causing frustration or destruction
  163. blithe
    (adj.) happy; cheery; merry; a cheerful disposition
  164. bode
    (v.) to foretell something
  165. bombast
    (n.) pompous speech; pretentious words
  166. bombastic
    (adj.) pompous; wordy; turgid
  167. boor
    (n.) a rude person
  168. breadth
    (n.) the distance from one side to another
  169. brevity
    (n.) briefness; shortness
  170. brindled
    (adj.) mixed with a darker color
  171. broach
    (v.) to introduce into conversation
  172. brusque
    (adj.) abrupt in manner or speech
  173. bucolic
    (adj.) having to do with shepherds or the country
  174. bumptious
    (adj.) arrogant
  175. bungler
    (n.) a clumsy person
  176. burgeon
    (v.) to grow or develop quickly
  177. burlesque
    (v.; n.) to imitate in a non-serious manner; a comical imitation
  178. burly
    (adj.) strong; bulky; stocky
  179. burnish
    (v.) to polish by rubbing
  180. cabal
    (n.) a group of persons joined by a secret
  181. cache
    (n.) stockpile; store; heap; hiding place for goods
  182. cacophonous
    (adj.) sounding jarring
  183. cacophony
    (n.) a harsh, inharmonious collection of sounds; dissonance
  184. cajole
    (v.) to coax with insincere talk
  185. calamity
    (n.) disaster
  186. caliber
    (n.) quality
  187. callow
    (adj.) being young or immature
  188. calumny
    (n.) slander
  189. canard
    (n.) a false statement or rumor
  190. candid
    (adj.) honest; truthful; sincere
  191. cant
    (n.) insincere or hypocritical statements of high ideals; the jargon of a particular group or occupations
  192. caprice
    (n.) a sudden, unpredictable or whimsical change
  193. capricious
    (adj.) changeable; fickle
  194. captious
    (adj.) disposed to find fault
  195. carte blanche
    (n.) unlimited authority
  196. cascade
    (n; v.) waterfall; pour; rush; fall
  197. castigate
    (v.) to punish through public criticism
  198. cataclysm
    (n.) an extreme natural force
  199. catalyst
    (n.) anything which creates a situation in which change can occur
  200. catharsis
    (n.) a purging or relieving of the body or soul
  201. caustic
    (adj.) eating away at; sarcastic words
  202. cavil
    (v.) to bicker
  203. censor
    (v.) to examine and delete objectionable material
  204. censure
    (n.; v.) a disapproval; an expression of disapproval; to criticize or disapprove of
  205. ceremonious
    (adj.) very formal or proper
  206. cessation
    (n.)ceasing; a stopping
  207. chafe (v.) to annoy, to irritate; to wear away or make sore by rubbing
  208. chaffing
    (n.) banter; teasing
  209. chagrin
    (n.) a feeling of embarrassment due to failure or disappointment
  210. charisma
    (n.) appeal; magnetism; presence
  211. charlatan
    (n.) a person who pretends to have knowledge; an impostor; fake
  212. chary
    (adj.) cautious; being sparing in giving
  213. chaste
    (adj.) virtuous; free of obscenity
  214. chastise
    (v.) to punish; discipline; admonish
  215. cherish
    (v.) to feel love for
  216. chicanery
    (n.) trickery or deception
  217. chimera
    (n.) an impossible fancy
  218. choleric
    (adj.) cranky; cantankerous; easily moved to feeling displeasure
  219. chortle
    (v.) to make a gleeful, chuckling sound
  220. churlishness
    (n.) crude or surly behavior; behavior of a peasant
  221. circumlocutory
    (adj.) being too long, as in a description or expression; a roundabout, indirect, or ungainly way of expressing something
  222. circumspect
    (adj.) considering all circumstances
  223. citadel
    (n.) a fortress set up high to defend a city
  224. clandestine
    (adj.) secret
  225. clemency
    (n.) mercy toward an offender; mildness
  226. cloture
    (n.) a parliamentary procedure to end debate and begin to vote
  227. cloying
    (adj.) too sugary; too sentimental or flattering
  228. coagulate
    (v.) to become a semisolid, soft mass; to clot
  229. coalesce
    (v.) to grow together
  230. coda
    (n.) in music, a concluding passage
  231. coddle
    (v.) to treat with tenderness
  232. codify
    (v.) to organize laws or rules into a systematic collection
  233. coffer
    (n.) a chest where money or valuables are kept
  234. cogent
    (adj.) to the point; clear; convincing in its clarity and presentation
  235. cogitate
  236. (v.) to think hard; ponder; meditate
  237. cognate
    (adj.; n.) having the same family; a person related through ancestry English and German arecognate languages.
  238. cognitive (adj.) possessing the power to think or meditate; meditative; capable of perception
  239. cognizant
    (adj.) aware of; perceptive
  240. coherent
    (adj.) sticking together; connected; logical; consistent
  241. cohesion
    (n.) the act of holding together
  242. cohort
    • (n.) a group; band
    • The cohort of teens gathered at the athletic field.
  243. collaborate
    (v.) to work together; cooperate
  244. colloquial
    (adj.) having to do with conversation; informal speech
  245. collusion
    (n.) secret agreement for an illegal purpose
  246. comeliness
    (n.) beauty; attractiveness in appearance or behavior
  247. commiserate
    (v.) to show sympathy for
  248. commodious
    (adj.) spacious and convenient; roomy
  249. communal
    (adj.) shared or common ownership
  250. compatible
    (adj.) in agreement with; harmonious
  251. complacent
    (adj.) content; self-satisfied; smug
  252. complaisance
    (n.) the quality of being agreeable or eager to please
  253. compliant
    (adj.) complying; obeying; yielding
  254. comport
    (v.) fitting in
  255. comprehensive
    (adj.) all-inclusive; complete; thorough
  256. compromise
    (v.) to settle by mutual adjustment
  257. concede
    (v.) to acknowledge; admit; to surrender; to abandon one’s position
  258. conceit
    (n.) an exaggerated personal opinion
  259. conciliation
    (n.) an attempt to make friendly or placate
  260. conciliatory
    (adj.) to reconcile
  261. concise
    (adj.) in few words; brief; condensed
  262. conclave
    (n.) any private meeting or closed assembly
  263. condescend
    (v.) to come down from one’s position or dignity
  264. condone
    (v.) to overlook; to forgive
  265. confluence
    (n.) a thing which is joined together
  266. confound
    (v.) to lump together, causing confusion; to damn
  267. conglomeration
    (n.) a collection or mixture of various things
  268. conjoin
    (v.) to combine
  269. conjure
    (v.) to call upon or appeal to; to cause to be, appear, come
  270. connivance
    (n.) secret cooperation in wrongdoing
  271. connoisseur
    (n.) expert; authority (usually refers to a wine or food expert)
  272. connotative
    (adj.) containing associated meanings in addition to the primary one
  273. consecrate
    (v.) to declare sacred; to dedicate
  274. consequential
    (adj.) following as an effect; important
  275. consort
    (n.; v.) a companion, spouse; to associate
  276. conspicuous
    (adj.) easy to see; noticeable
  277. consternation
    (n.) amazement or terror that causes confusion
  278. constrain
    (v.) to force, compel; to restrain
  279. consummation
    (n.) the completion; finish
  280. contemporary
    (adj.) living or happening at the same time; modern
  281. contempt
    (n.) scorn; disrespect
  282. contentious
    (adj.) quarrelsome
  283. contest
    (v.) to attempt to disprove or invalidate
  284. contiguous
    (adj.) touching; or adjoining and close, but not touching
  285. contrite
    (adj.) regretful; sorrowful; having repentance
  286. contumacious
    (adj.) resisting authority
  287. contusion
    (n.) a bruise; an injury where the skin is not broken
  288. conundrum
    (n.) a puzzle or riddle
  289. conventional
    (adj.) traditional; common; routine
  290. converge
    (v.) to move toward one point (opposite: diverge)
  291. conviviality
    (n.) a fondness for festiveness or joviality
  292. convoke
    (v.) a call to assemble
  293. copious
    (adj.) abundant; in great quantities
  294. corpulence
    (n.) obesity
  295. correlate
    (v.) to bring into mutual relation
  296. corroborate
    (v.) to confirm the validity
  297. coterie
    (n.) a clique; a group who meet frequently, usually socially
  298. covenant
    (n.) a binding and solemn agreement
  299. covetous
    (adj.) greedy; very desirous
  300. cower
    (v.) to huddle and tremble
  301. coy
    (adj.) modest; bashful; pretending shyness to attract
  302. crass
    (adj.) stupid or dull; insensitive; materialistic
  303. craven
    (n.; adj.) coward; abject person; cowardly
  304. culpable
    (adj.) deserving blame; guilty
  305. curb
    (n.) a restraint or framework
  306. curmudgeon
    (n.) an ill-tempered person
  307. cursory
    (adj.) hasty; slight
  308. cynic
    (n.) one who believes that others are motivated entirely by selfishness.

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