Nutrition

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
179497
Filename:
Nutrition
Updated:
2012-10-23 22:26:36
Tags:
nutrition
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Description:
lipids, proteins, metabolism, alcohol
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  1. Where do long fatty acids travel through?
    lymphatic system
  2. Good source of Omega 3?
    Salmon
  3. excess body nitrogen excreted through?
    Urea
  4. fatty acid with no double bond?
    saturated fat
  5. Eicosanoids from Omega 3 and Omega 6 are classified as?
    Polyunsatured
  6. Synthesizing or building cholesterol in the liver?
    anabolism
  7. Not a function of fat in the body?
    quick fuel for the brain
  8. What is the function of the nucleus?
    determines amino acid sequence and structure
  9. Where do you perform surgical procedures for obesity?
    Stomach
  10. Who are the most at risk for nutrient deficiency?
    Vegans
  11. Dietary nitrogen intake minue sum of sources?
    nitrogen balance
  12. Most likely consumed to reduce heart risk?
    canola oil, olive oil, fish
  13. Major direct fuel that body uses for activities?
    ATP
  14. positive nitrogen balance
    pregnancy
  15. During starvation body produces?
    ketones or ketone bodies
  16. Energy carrier from niacin, that captures energy?
    NAD
  17. Alcohol in moderation may reduce heart risks?
    elevated HDLs
  18. When fat accumulates in ______ makes an increase for problems.
    Abs and stomach
  19. Citric acid cycle and beta-oxidation occur where?
    mitochondria
  20. What does metabolism of alcohol form?
    fat
  21. which component of total energy expenditure can a person increase to achieve weight loss?
    Physical activity
  22. What can occur under and anaerobis condition
    glycolysis
  23. What is synthesized cholesterol
    produce bile acids, vitamin D, and hormones such as estrogen and testosterone
  24. When oxygen is not available during glucose metabolism, what does pyruvate form to form NAD?
    lactate
  25. Label had 9 g fat per serving
    81 kcal from fat
  26. Metabolizes large amounts of alcohol
    MEOS
  27. Not a major function of protein
    energy for the body
  28. Cooking an egg changes its physical property by?
    denaturation
  29. What two incomplete protein foods make a complete protein meal?
    red beans and rice
  30. fatty acids that are most solid and least liquid at room temp have?
    zero double bonds
  31. what is the recommended amount of protein for a healthy adult?
    .8 g/kg
  32. What is an essential amino acid?
    cannot be made by the body itself or in sufficient amounts
  33. Anerobic metabolism uses this fuel for energy production?
    carbohydrate
  34. Fatty acid recommendation up to 15% of total kcal because of its heart healthiness?
    monounsaturated fat
  35. Person with BMI of 24 falls into what kind of risk?
    Low risk
  36. Most carbon dioxide we exhale is produced during?
    catabolism
  37. Once dietary fiber reaches liver it may be packaged into where and released back into the blood?
    LDL low dietary lipoprotein
  38. Risk of heart disease increases as blood level of what increases?
    LDL
  39. Calculation of body fatness and health risk?
    BMI
  40. Foods containing hydrogenated fats have advantage of?
    increased shelf life & product stability
  41. Largest contributor to total energy expenditure?
    basal energy expenditure
  42. Most prevalent type of lipid in diet?
    Tryglyceride
  43. Denaturation and digestion of protein beings in?
    Stomach
  44. Most energy is formed in cell produced by?
    mitochondria

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