PSYC of G ch. 8

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PSYC of G ch. 8
2012-10-23 23:28:53

PSYC of G ch. 8
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  1. attachment
    antimate relationship that forms between a caregiver (usually mother) and an infant
  2. bonding
    an emotional attachment that develops between primary caregiver and infant within a few hours or days after birth
  3. display rules
    learned social rules that govern who may display which emotion to whom, and in what situation each emotion can be displayed
  4. stereotype of gender and emotion
    • women as emotional
    • men as rational
  5. research on gender and emotion
    • few gender differenecs
    • differences appear in how and when emotion is displayed
  6. Darwin's theory of evolution
    • notion that some emotions are the result of instincts
    • the explanation that emotion is instinctive has faded (except about maternal instinct and instinct towards agression)
  7. Harlow
    experience was critical in developing adequate maternal behaviors
  8. attachment
    • related to maternal instinct
    • does not rely on instinct as its basis
    • allows for attachments between infants and others (not just mothers)
  9. gender differences in responsiveness to babies
    • differences in self reports and public displays - consistent with stereotypes
    • women have more involvement in child care than men
  10. self reports in responsiveness to babies
    • greater pleasure for women in caring for children is coupled with greater irritation in caring for them
    • men who are very involved in child care have similar feelings
    • fathers have increased their involvement with children
    • concept of maternal instinct has not biological support
    • both men and women share similar emotions related to nurturing
  11. aggression as an instinct
    • men have more innate tendencies toward agressive behavior than women
    • link between anger and agression (emotion and behavior) have few gender differences
  12. expression of anger
    • women and men experience anger similarly but express it differently
    • males more likely to use physical confrontation
    • females more likely to not express anger or use indirect and relational agression
    • females likely to cry
  13. expression of anger over life span
    • boys more likely than girls to use physical aggression at all ages
    • aggression is moderately stable over time and generations
    • aggressive children more likely to be violent adults and have aggressive children
    • children become less agressive as they develop
    • gender difference in aggression in adulthood diminishes
  14. gender differences in crime rates
    • men are 3.5 times more likely to be arrested for commiting violent crimes
    • victims of violent crimes more likely to be men
    • women fear crim victimization more than men
    • 20% of women are the targets or rape or attempted rape
    • men more likely to be sexually violent
  15. gender differences in emotion across cultures
    • culture display rules that govern the behaviors associated with emotion differ for men and women
    • women allowed more expression except anger
    • men restrained more form expressing emotions except anger
  16. universals in emotion
    • consistency and diversity across cultures
    • people across the world experience same range of emotions
    • situations that evoke emotions and the rules governing their display differ enormously across cultures
    • culture and gender interact in complex ways
  17. six basic emotions
    • happiness
    • surprise
    • fear
    • sadness
    • anger
    • disgust/contempt