O-chem glossary (1)
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compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen
hydrocarbons whose carbon-carbon bonds are all single bonds.
hydrocarbons containing carbon-carbon multiple bonds.
saturated hydrocarbons. The simplest is methane.
What is the tetrahedral C-C-C angle in alkanes?
straight chain/unbranched hydrocarbons
"normal' strings or chains of carbon atoms (no branching).
What is the general formula for alkanes?
Where n represents carbon atoms.
What are the first 10 straight chain alkanes?
- When two molecules have the same atoms but different bonds. The molecules have the same formulas but different arrangement of atoms. Structural isomers have different properties.
- e.g. n-butane and isobutane
when a group is substituted for a hydrogen on an alkane chain.
When an alkane functions as a substituent. e.g. When methane CH4 becomes methyl -CH3.
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