Chapter 5: Equal Rights: Struggling Towards Fairness

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disneyfairy92
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179540
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Chapter 5: Equal Rights: Struggling Towards Fairness
Updated:
2012-10-24 00:52:52
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Test Political Science Chapter
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Test 2, Political Science, Chapter 5
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  1. the right of every person to equal protection under the laws and to equal access to society's opportunities and public facilities.
    Equal Rights, or Civil Rights
  2. a clause of the Fourteenth amendment that forbids any state to deny equal protection of the laws to any individual within its jurusdiction.
    Equal-Protection Clause
  3. a test applied by courts to laws that treat individuals unequally. Such a law may be deemed constitutional if its purpose is held to be "reasonably" related to a legitimate government interest.
    Reasonable-Basis Test
  4. a test appied by courts to laws that attept a racial or an ethnic classification. In effect, the strict scrutiny test eliminates race or ethnicity as a legal classifiation when it places minority - group members at a disadvantage.
    Strict-Scrutiny Test
  5. legal classifications, such as race and national origin, that have invidious discrimination as their purpose and therefore are unconstiitutional.
    Suspect Classification
  6. refers to programs designed to ensure that woman, minorities, and other traditionally disadvantaged groups have full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas of life.
    Affirmative Action
  7. discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and the like that results from a law.
    Dejure Discrimination
  8. discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and the like that results from social, economic, and cultural biases and conditions.
    De Facto Discrimination

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