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What period is the Hypostyle hall from?
Why did the Egyptians use woven mats?
to keep the dust down
Describe Egyptian furniture design
masiveness and solidity !
- owning furniture showed wealth
- it was designed to be low to the ground
- ornament = used in plant and animal form
Describe the ornament Egyptians used
plant and animal relations
a tapored pillar (stone) 7-100 and it represents a person who it is dedicated to.
all of them point to the sun at the top
Which design elements dominate Western architecture well into the 20th century?
Greek and Roman
What were stools and/or chairs raised up on to help keep them off of the straw mats?
where did most egyptians sleep?
The Greeks used _____ and _____ for perfection in architecture
rationality and restraint
rationality- every element in architecture has a purpose and function
restraint- when they would add surface ornament it never obscured the orginial structure; there was never any overdone ornamentation
who was the first to use the collumn on the outside?
who made shafts on columns concave?
who made collumns more narrow at the tops?
what is a pilaster?
a collumn that is engaged into the wall
what is it called when a collumn is engaged into the wall?
____ is for rainwater to fall off of a building.
What is a truss?
used for rainwater to fall off of a building
- rests on an edge and most were made of wood.
- clay roofing tiles rested on top of the trusses
What is a gable roof?
roofing that has tiles on two sides /\
What type of roof has tiles on two sides?
What is a pediment?
it is on the front and back ends of the trusses
usually covered in stone
What is the space between the column and the truss?
What is the Entablature?
the space between the collumn and the trusses
- had ornamentation
- was made up of two parts- cornice and architrave
- the Greeks made the cornice visible
on top of the entablature and at the bottom of the pediment and it continues around the trusses
what is a raking cornice?
an angular cornice
what is an angular cornice called?
a raking cornice
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