Card Set Information

2012-10-25 01:42:00
Psych 260

Psych 260
Show Answers:

  1. Which of the following would be expected as a result of damage to the somatosensory association cortex?
    difficulty in naming an object the person can touch (but not see)
  2. Primary visual cortex is located within the ________ cortical lobe.
  3. The term neuraxis refers to
    an imaginary line drawn through the spinal cord up to the front of the forebrain.
  4. ________ fibers "bear away from the brain."
  5. The neuroanatomy term "nucleus" refers to
  6. An example of a serial analytic process would be
  7. Electrical stimulation of the right motor cortex elicits limb movements on the left side of the  body, and vice versa. Which term below best describes this organization of the motor cortex and the muscles of the body?
  8. In the parasympathetic system, the terminal buttons of preganglionic fibers secrete ________,  whereas the postganglionic fibers secrete ________.
  9. Which of the following is the most likely consequence of damage positioned at the junction of visual, auditory, and somatosensory association cortex?
  10. Motor association cortex is located
    just rostral to the primary motor cortex
  11. The ________ is considered to be the body's "master gland."
  12. In mammals, the superior colliculi are involved in
    visual reflexes
  13. After her stroke, Miss S. had difficulty in
    noticing objects on her left side.
  14. Regions of the cortex that are NOT directly concerned with sensation or movement are termed the ________ cortex.
  15. Recent studies indicate that neurogenesis in the ________ is suppressed by ________.
    hippocampus; stress
  16. Primary auditory cortex is located within which cortical lobe?
  17. Which term means "above" when referring to the brain?
  18. Damage to the basal ganglia would be expected to produce difficulties in
    motor movements
  19. A ________ section is made through a human brain parallel to the ground.
  20. The red nucleus and substantia nigra are located in the ________ and are involved in ________.
    tegmentum; the motor system
  21. Human brains are about three times larger than chimpanzee brains, when corrected for
    body size
  22. The pons is located
  23. ________ refers to the recent production of neurons.
  24. A key function of the cerebellum is the
    performance of coordinated motor movements.
  25. Which of the following would be expected as a result of damage to the visual association cortex?
    problems in recognizing an object by sight
  26. The ________ is a tough protective sheath that covers the brain and that lies closest to the skull.
    dura mater
  27. ________ refers to structures that are found on opposite sides of the body.
  28. Which of the following sensory systems show ipsilateral organization?
  29. A ________ is a bulge located between adjacent grooves in the surface of the human cortex.
  30. A key function of the pons involves
    control of sleep and arousal.
  31. The association regions of the left and right hemispheres are interconnected via the axons of the
    corpus callosum.
  32. Unilateral neglect is associated with damage to the
    right side of the brain
  33. Damage to portions of the limbic cortex would be expected to alter
  34. The hypothalamus is involved in which of the following?
    a. fleeing
    b. fighting
    c. mating
    d. feeding
    e. all of the above
    all of the above
  35. The parasympathetic division of the ANS is involved in
    activities that increase levels of stored energy within the body.
  36. Damage to the ________ would most likely be fatal.
  37. The human cerebral cortex has a grayish-brown appearance because
  38. The term "dorsum" means ________, while the term "ventrum" means ________.
    back; belly
  39. The planning and execution of movements is a function performed by the association cortex in which cortical lobe?
  40. Which of the neural structures below can be seen in a midsagittal view of the human brain?
    corpus callosum
  41. Which of the following is true of the adult human cerebral cortex?
    The cortex is about 3 mm in thickness.
  42. Damage to the hypothalamus would be expected to produce
    changes in eating.
  43. The ________ interconnects the third and fourth ventricles.
  44. The term ________ means "interbrain."
  45. The brain and spinal cord form the
    central nervous system.
  46. Which term below refers to structures that are found on the same side of the body?
  47. Another term for rostral is
  48. A ________ is a large groove in the surface of the human cortex.
  49. ________ fibers send their information toward the brain.
  50. The midbrain is comprised of the
    tectum and tegmentum.
  51. Another term for caudal is
  52. Which cortical lobe contains the primary somatosensory cortex?
  53. CSF is produced from the ________ of the brain.
    choroid plexus
  54. The ________ is the most caudal portion of the brain stem.
  55. Which structures below form the autonomic nervous system?
    sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
  56. Damage to the substantia nigra would be expected to produce
    Parkinson's-like motor symptoms.
  57. A person with damage to their right parietal cortex would be expected to
    ignore sensory feedback from their left side.
  58. The ________ are formed by four hollow and interconnected spaces within the brain.
  59. Which of the following would be expected as a result of damage to the somatosensory association cortex?
  60. The brain is cushioned by ________, which is contained within the ________.
    cerebrospinal fluid; subararachnoid space
  61. The ________ branch of the nervous system receives sensory information and controls muscle movements.
  62. Injection of anesthetic drugs into the dural sac surrounding axons of the cauda equina would be expected to deaden pain sensation in the
    pelvic region.