PLAX and PSAX

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Author:
Jweightm
ID:
179807
Filename:
PLAX and PSAX
Updated:
2012-10-25 01:45:52
Tags:
PLAX PSAX
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Description:
PLAX and PSAX
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  1. Indications for an Echo
    • •Valvular heart disease/prosthetic valves
    • •Endocarditis
    • •Ischemic
    • Heart Disease
    • •Cardiomyopathy
    • •CHF
    • •Pericardial
    • Effusion/Tamponade
    • •Source of
    • Embolus; Masses
    • •Aorta
    • Disorders
    • •Congenital
    • Heart Disease
    • •“LVFXN”
  2. Where is the Heart located?
    in thoracic cavity just left of the midline of the mediastinum and just above the diaphragm between the lungs
  3. Pericardium is:
    Fuild filled sac that covers the heart
  4. what does the pericardium do?
    • Protects against infection and trauma
    • helps with the free pumping motion of the heart
  5. The two layers of the inner pericardium
    parietal and visceral
  6. Where is the pericardial space?
    in between the visceral and parietal layers
  7. the Epicardium is the...
    • Outer most layer of the heart...
    • ALSO the visceral layer of the pericardium
  8. Myocardium is...
    • The center layer os the heart wall
    • *major pumping mechanism
  9. Endocardium is...
    Lines the inner chambers of the heart. valves chordae tendineae, and pap muscles
  10. Acoustic windows are
    • the tdr positions that allow ultrasound to access the cardiac structure
    • (Parasternal, subcostal, apical etc)
  11. the long axis plane is parallel to
    the long axis of the left ventricle
  12. From the PLAX how do you get to the RV inflow
    Angling the TDR inferiorly
  13. The RV inflow is a good angle for...
    Doppler of the TR
  14. From plax how to get to the RV out flow
    Angling the TDR superiorly
  15. PSAX is great for caculating the ____ because all LV wall segements are shown simotaneously
    EF ejection fraction

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