Midterm 2 HIstory

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Anonymous
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179879
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Midterm 2 HIstory
Updated:
2012-10-25 14:20:29
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History
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World Civ 1
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  1. Indus River
    • focus of civilization.
    • indian subcontinent
    • dravidians
  2. Dravidians
    people living in the villages surrounding the indus river valley
  3. Mohenjo-Daro
    Harappan Civilization city
  4. Citadel
    public buildings on raised areas with walls
  5. Great Bath
    ritual bathing of a select group (nobles)
  6. Harappan Seals
    • there writing was on these
    • cannot be read
  7. Aryans
    Indo-European group that took over the Harappan Civilization
  8. Caste System
    a racial system used by the Aryans
  9. Jatis
    Subgroups of the caste system
  10. Hinduism
    • oldest world religion
    • polytheistic
    • Vedic Age
  11. Vedic Age
    • time when religion is being formalized
    • changes
    • Early and Late Pd
  12. Vedas
    • Hindu Sacred texts
    • early pd
    • instructions for the rituals used by priests
  13. Indra
    • Early pd
    • important god of war and rain
  14. Upanishads
    • later pd
    • hindu sacred texts
    • reflections
    • everyones use
  15. Vishnu
    • Later pd
    • hindu important god
    • preserver and protector god
    • compliments Siva
  16. Siva
    • later pd
    • hindu important god of destruction
    • compliments Vishnu
  17. Krishna
    • Later pd
    • hindu important god
    • human form of Vishnu
    • blue/black skin
  18. Brahman
    • universal soul
    • Hindu
  19. Asceticism 
    meditation involving self-denial (no eating) and self-mutilation
  20. Moksha
    soul reuniting with Brahman
  21. Dharma
    rules of ones caste
  22. Karma
    consequences
  23. Samsara
    souls are reincarnated
  24. yellow river
    • china
    • center of activity 
    • devastating floods
  25. Yangshao Society
    • near/on Yellow River
    • china
  26. Banpo
    village of yangshao society
  27. Yu the Great
    • king yu
    • first to be able to control the yellow river
    • xia dynasty
  28. Erlitou
    • china
    • site with a palace
  29. Yin
    Shang Capital
  30. ancestor veneration
    • long lasting tradition
    • still used today
    • give offerings/respect so they will help you
  31. Divination
    practice of trying to predict the future
  32. oracle bones
    • bones used to ask questions and receive answers about the future
    • Shamans used them
  33. mandate of heaven
    • the universe only allowed the right people to rule
    • king= "son of heaven"
  34. Yucatan Peninsula 
    mesoamerica
  35. Olmec Society
    oldest mesoamerican society
  36. Tikal
    • Maya
    • Powerful city ruling over many areas around them
  37. Maya Ball Game
    • commemorate events
    • sacrificial games
  38. Stelae
    most hieroglyphs found on these
  39. Andes Mountains
    • tall mountains
    • deep valleys
    • south america
  40. Chavin de Huantar
    • ceremonial center
    • The Chavin Cult
  41. Sipan burials
    • warriors
    • very rich
    • showed the high status of warriors
    • Mochica Civilization
  42. Nazca lines
    pebbles/dirt left in ground to leave pics and shapes
  43. Lapita people
    • New Guinea
    • Austronesians
    • Lapita pottery
  44. Cyrus
    • Cyrus The Great
    • Persian emperor of the Achaemenid Empire
    • respect and mercy to people
    • demanded obedience and loyalty
  45. Darius
    • demands obedience and loyalty
    • toleration and respect
    • Achaemenid Empire 
  46. Persepolis
    Darius Captial
  47. Satrapies
    • administrative district
    • each had their own govenor
  48. Zoroastrianism
    • Darius embraced this religion
    • founded by Zarathustra
    • Darius did not force his people to convert to this
  49. Ahura Mazda
    • main god of Zoroastrianism
    • god of good who battled an evil spirit
    • he would win and the people would face judgement on morality
  50. Buddhism
    • india religion
    • founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  51. Siddhartha Gautama
    • (The Buddha)
    • founded Buddhism
    • kings son who was protected from all suffering
    • king wanted him to be a great leader instead of the teacher he became
  52. The Buddha
    • "Enlightened One"
    • found all concerns of this world to be illusions
  53. Nirvana
    • breaking the cycle of reincarnation
    • good thing
    • "a blissful nothingness"
  54. Ahimsa
    practice of non-violence
  55. Stupas
    Buddhism relic shrines
  56. Theravada
    • form of Buddhism
    • buddha was a man
    • strict rules
  57. Mahayana
    • form of buddhism
    • Buddha is a god in heaven
    • had Boddhisatvas (saints)
    • allowed generous gifts
    • "The Greater Vehicle"
  58. Chandragupta Maurya
    • Mauryan Empire 
    • India
    • dominance and tight control
  59. Pataliputra
    • Chandraguptas capital
    • very large
  60. Ashoka
    • Chandraguptas grandson
    • supported buddhism
    • religious toleration
  61. Battle of Kalinga
    • Ashoka expressed remorse after and changed the way he ruled
    • led to him converting to buddhism
  62. Rock and Pillar Edicts
    • Statements/Teachings
    • Buddhism
    • A way that Ashoka supported Buddhism
  63. Confucius
    • confucianism philosophy
    • govern with compassion
    • came out of the Period of Warring States
    • China
  64. Junzi
    • Confucianism 
    • educated and moral officials
  65. Laozi
    • came up with Daoism philosophy
    • critical of Confucianism 
    • wrote the Daode Jing
  66. Daode Jing
    • written by Laozi
    • Daoism Book
  67. Legalism
    • Han Feizi
    • increases the strength of the state (cultivators/soldiers should be the only jobs)
    • all people are evil by nature
    • harsh laws and brutal punishments
  68. Qin Shi Huangdi
    • Qin Dynasty ruler
    • dominance and tight control
  69. Xianyang
    Capital of Qin Dynasty
  70. Xiongnu
    • invasion
    • led to the construction of Great Wall of China
    • Qin Dynasty
  71. Han Wudi
    • Ruler of the Han Dynasty
    • most successful leader
  72. Dunhuang
    colonies that were ruled by the Han Dynasty which was a different ethnic group than the Hans
  73. Minoan Society
    • Civilization in greece
    • located on Crete island (biggest island)
  74. Knossos
    palace of Minoan Society
  75. Mycenaean Society
    • ended the Minoan Society
    • Indo-Europeans
    • greek language
  76. Dark Ages
    • Chaos and war
    • population decline
    • people left cities
    • trade stopped
    • no writing
  77. Polis
    Greeks word for city-states
  78. Olympic Games
    • religious public festival
    • honor gods by winning
    • played naked
  79. Hoplites
    greek army
  80. Sparta
    • Polis
    • controlled their neighbors (basically enslaved them)
    • military state
    • boys were trained young and men couldnt retire from army until the age of 60

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