782. Closed shop
783. Black list
784. Yellow Dog contracts
785. Company unions
786. Great Railroad Strike
787. Haymarket Square Riot
The unions' method for having their demands met. Workers stop working until the conditions are met. It is a very effective form of attack.
People refuse to buy a company's product until the company meets demands.
A working establishment where only people belonging to the union are hired. It was done by the unions to protect their workers from cheap labor.
A list of people who had done some misdeed and were disliked by business. They were refused jobs and harassed by unions and businesses.
A written contract between employers and employees in which the employees sign an agreement that they will not join a union while working for the company.
People working for a particular company would gather and as a unit demand better wages, working conditions and hours.
July, 1877 - A large number of railroad workers went on strike because of wage cuts. After a month of strikes, President Hayes sent troops to stop the rioting. The worst railroad violence was in Pittsburgh, with over 40 people killed by militia men.
100,000 workers rioted in Chicago. After the police fired into the crowd, the workers met and rallied in Haymarket Square to protest police brutality. A bomb exploded, killing or injuring many of the police. The Chicago workers and the man who set the bomb were immigrants, so the incident promoted anti-immigrant feelings.