SUR 101 Ch. 8

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
179951
Filename:
SUR 101 Ch. 8
Updated:
2012-10-25 19:25:07
Tags:
Decontamination
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Decontamination
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  1. chemical used to remove microorganisms on skin or other tissue
    antiseptic
  2. chemical intended for inanimate surfaces only
    disinfectant
  3. agent that inhibits bacterial colonization but does not destroy bacteria
    bacteriostatic
  4. number and type of live bacterial colonies on a surface before it is sterilized
    bioburden
  5. process in which instruments and supplies are first cleaned and then processed through chemical or mechanical means so that they are safe for handling
    decontamination
  6. process that removes most but not all microbes on inanimate surfaces
    disinfection
  7. destruction of all microorganisms including mycobacteria but not forms (bacterial spores)
    high-level disinfection
  8. cleaning effective against mycobacteria and most viruses
    medium-level disinfection
  9. cleaning that destroys most viruses and bacteria
    low-level disinfection
  10. all steps necessary to render soiled medical devices safe for use on the next patient
    reprocessing
  11. process that results in the complete destruction of all viable forms of life on an object
    sterilization
  12. standards for sterilization and disinfection are established by:
    • Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)
    • Association of Surgical Technologists (AST)
    • Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN)
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    • The Joint Commission (TJC)
  13. role of ST in infection control
    to implement the specified procedure correctly and safely according to protocol
  14. system that assigns a risk category that is specific to the regions of the body in which the device is to be used
    Spaulding system
  15. risk categories of the Spaulding system
    • critical risk
    • semicritical risk
    • noncritical risk
  16. to what is critical risk category assigned?
    sterile body tissues including vascular system
  17. to what is semicritical risk assigned?
    mucous membranes and nonintact skin
  18. to what is noncritical risk category assigned?
    intact skin and medical devices that touch only the skin
  19. basis of safe reprocessing
    • soiled instruments and other surgical equipment reprocessed in a designated area separated from surgical suites
    • staff members fully trained in standards
    • healthcare facility provides written policies and procedures
    • evidence-based methods for quality control used

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