Card Set Information

2012-11-04 19:49:35
CCLS exam

Child Life Theories
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  1. Kohlberg
    • Theory of Moral Development
    • Pre-Conventional
    • Conventional
    • Post Conventional
  2. Kohlberg: Preconventional
    • Moral values reside in external events
    • 1. Obedience and punishment orientation (How can I avoid punishment?)
    • 2. Self interest orientation (What's in it for me?)
  3. Kohlberg: Conventional
    • Moral values reside in performing the right role, maintaining order
    • 1. Interpersonal accord and conformity (social norms, good boy/girl attitude)
    • 2. Authority and social order maintaining orientation (law and order mentality)
  4. Kohlberg: Postconventional
    • Morals defined in terms of conformity to shared standards, rights and duties, not just authority
    • 1. Social contract orientation
    • 2. Universal ethical principals (principled conscience)
  5. Mary Ainsworth
    • Patterns of attachment
    • Strange situation classification
  6. Lazarus
    Cognitive Appraisal: personal interpretation of a situation
  7. Piaget
    Cognitive learning- "schemes"
  8. Bandura
    Modeling-reciprocal determinism: a person's behavior both influences and is influenced by personal factors and social environment.
  9. Erikson
    "Neo-Freudian"-Conflicts resolved at each stage
  10. Vygotsky
    Focused on environment-zone of proximal development
  11. Freud
    Psychosexual stages: Id, Ego, Superego
  12. Bronfenbrenner
    Ecological Systems theory
  13. Ecological systems theory: Bronfenbrenner
    • The ecological systems theory holds that we encounter different environments throughout our lifespan that may influence our behavior in varying degrees.
    • 1. Microsystem
    • 2. Mesosystem
    • 3. Exosystem
    • 4. Macrosystem
    • 5. Chronosystem
  14. J. Locke
    clean/blank slate
  15. K. Lorenz
  16. Skinner
    • Behaviorism-Operant Conditioning
    • consequences, reinforcement
  17. Whose theories of child development compared to Freud's whose only extended into adolescence
  18. Authoritarian parenting style
    • strict rules and expectations
    • very demanding but not responsive
    • not much warmth or nurturing
    • utilize punishments with little or no explanations
    • don't give children choices or options
  19. Authoritative Parenting Styles
    • listen
    • encourages independence
    • place limits, expectations, and consequences
    • nurturing and warmth
    • encourage discussion of options
    • administer fair discipline
  20. Passive Parenting style
    • few rules or standards
    • inconsistent
    • very nurturing and loving toward children
    • more like a friend than parent
    • bribery
  21. Uninvolved Parenting styles
    • emotionally distant
    • little to no supervision
    • little warmth, love, and affection
    • intentionally avoid children
    • don't attend PTA, conferences, etc
    • too overwhemed by own problems
  22. Did Vygotsky believe that all children move through same sequence of stages?
  23. What is the main focus in the stress-coping model?
  24. What age does separation anxiety begin to reappear?
    6-7 months
  25. Bibace and Walsh
    • Model of child's conception of understanding illness
    • Prelogical
    • Concrete Logical
    • Formal Logical
  26. Bibace and Walsh: Prelogical
    • 2-6 years
    • Stage 1: phenominism: external cause unrelated to illness (magic)
    • Stage 2: contagion: caue by being near but not touching (cooties/germs)
  27. Bibace and Walsh: Concrete logical
    • 7-10yrs
    • Stage 3: Contamination: understand that germs can be passed by touching
    • Stage 4: Internalization: Illness is inside body, cause is external but becomes internal from swollowing or inhaling
  28. Bibace and Walsh: Formal Logical
    • 11years +
    • Stage 5: Physiological: external cause but illness occurs in specific internal physical structures (illness sources)
    • Stage 6: Psychophysiological: understanding and awareness that thoughts and feelings affect body functions