Health 7 Skeletal/Muscular systems

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Author:
khubbard
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179984
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Health 7 Skeletal/Muscular systems
Updated:
2012-10-25 22:37:33
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skeletal muscular systems Health
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Practice for unit test on skeletal and muscular systems
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  1. Name the tissue that connects a bone to a bone.
    ligament
  2. Bones can move because they are attached to ________________
    muscles
  3. The inside of a most bones contains a soft tissue called _______________
    bone marrow
  4. _____________ is a strong flexible tissue that covers the ends of bones.
    cartilage
  5. A membrane that covers and nourishes the bone is the __________________
    periosteum
  6. A _____________ is where 2 or more bones meet.
    joint
  7. A disease in which joints become irritated or inflamed is called what?
    arthritis
  8. A baby's skeleton is made mostly of what?
    cartilage
  9. The joints at your elbow and knee are what type of joint?
    hinge
  10. Our shoulder and hip are what type of joints?
    ball and socket
  11. What type of joints are in your cranium?
    immoveable
  12. Name the disease in which bones weaken and become brittle.
    osteoporosis
  13. Name the two types of bones tissue and describe them.
    • compact bone: dense,hard, outer part of the bone
    • spongy bone: bone tissue with tiny holes, on ends of bones
  14. What vitamin and mineral help keep bones healthy?
    vitamin D and calcium
  15. What do tendons connect?
    a bone to a muscle
  16. What does red marrow make?
    red blood cells
  17. What does yellow marrow store?
    fat
  18. An organism's ability to maintain a stable internal environment is the definition for what?
    homeostasis
  19. Name three functions of the skeletal system.
    • protection of organs
    • storage of vitamins, minerals, fat
    • support for body
    • movement of body, with muscles
    • production of red blood cells
  20. Name the functions of the muscular system
    movement,protection,stability and maintaining body temperature
  21. Strong tissue that can contract is called a what?
    a muscle
  22. The only voluntary muscles in our body are also called _______________ muscles.
    skeletal
  23. Muscle type that is attached to bones, is striated, is voluntary.
    skeletal
  24. Do muscles work by pulling or pushing on bones?
    Pulling on bones
  25. Muscle type that lines organs and blood vessels and moves material by peristalsis.
    smooth muscle
  26. What type of muscle cannot be controlled consciously?
    involuntary muscle
  27. Beside smooth muscle, what is the other type of involuntary muscle?
    cardiac muscle
  28. Name the antagonistic pair of muscles in your arm.
    bicep and tricep
  29. Which muscle type has discs at the ends of the cells that allow for the tissue to contract almost simultaneously?
    cardiac muscle
  30. What can you do to increase the size of your muscle cells?
    exercise
  31. What happens to muscles that are not used?
    They become thinner and weaker (they atrophy)
  32. How does the muscular system keep our body warm when exposed to cold temperatures?
    muscles contract rapidly-called shivering
  33. During exercise, we need more oxygen. How does the heart muscle maintain homeostasis in your body?
    by pumping faster so organs still get enough oxygen
  34. Name the bones of the upper arm, wrists, and fingers in that order.
    humerus,carpals, phalanges
  35. Name the bones of the upper leg,lower front leg, and jaw-in that order.
    femur, tibia, mandible

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