Preterite VS Imperfect

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  1. When is the preterite used?
    • 1. For actions that can be viewed as single events
    • 2. For actions that were repeated a specific number of times
    • 3. For actions that occurred during a specific period of time
    • 4. For actions that were part of a chain of events
    • 5. To state the beginning or the end of an action
  2. When is Imperfect used?
    • 1. For actions that were repeated habitually
    • 2. For actions that "set the stage" for another past action
    • 3. For telling timeFor stating one's age
    • 4. For mental states (usually)
    • 5. For physical sensations (usually)
    • 6. To describe the characteristics of people, things or conditions
  3. There are only 3 irregular verbs in the imperfect. What are they? Give their conjugations.
    Ser: era, eras, era, eramos, erais, eran

    Ir: iba, ibas, iba, ibamos, ibais, iban

    Ver: veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veíais, veían
  4. Words that signal the Preterite:

    the day before yesterday
    last night
    from the first moment
    for two years
    the other day
    at that moment
    last week
    last year
    two days ago
    yesterday afternoon
    anteayer, anoche, desde el primer momento, durante dos años, el otra día, en ese momento, la semana pasada, el año pasado, hace dos dias, ayer por la tarde
  5. Words that signal the imperfect:

    each day & everyday
    each month
    from time to time
    at that time
    • a menudo
    • a veces
    • cada día / todos los dias
    • cada mes
    • con frequencia
    • de vez un cuando
    • en aquella época
    • frecuentemente
  6. Words that signal the imperfect:

    many times
    for awhile
    so many times
    all the time
    several times
    • generalmente
    • muchas veces
    • por un rato
    • tantas veces
    • todo el tiempo
    • varias veces
  7. Conocer changes meaning from preterite to imperfect:

    met Juan five years ago. (completed action)

    At that time we knew the city very well. (no definite beginning or end)
    Conocí a Juan hace cinco años.

    En aquella época conocíamos muy bien la ciudad.
  8. Querer changes meaning from preterite to imperfect:

    Maria tried to buy the house. (completed action)

    Juan wanted to buy the house. (no definite beginning or end)
    María quiso comprar la casa.

    Juan quería comprar la casa.
  9. No Querer changes meaning from preterite to imperfect:

    Maria refused to buy the house. (completed action)

    Juan did not want to buy the house. (no definite beginning or end)
    María no quiso comprar la casa.

    Juan no quería comprar la casa.
  10. Saber changes meaning from preterite to imperfect:

    Maria found out yesterday. (completed action)

    Juan knew that Maria was coming. (no definite beginning or end)
    María lo supo ayer.

    Juan sabía que María venía.
  11. Poder changes meaning from preterite to imperfect:

    Maria succeeded in lifting the table. (completed action)

    Juan was able to participate in the demonstration. (no definite beginning or end)
    María pudo levantar la mesa.

    Juan podía participar en la manifestación.
  12. Tener changes meaning from preterite to imperfect:

    Maria received a letter from her mom. (completed action)

    Juan used to have a new car. (no definite beginning or end)
    María tuvo una carta de su mamá.

    Juan tenía un coche nuevo.

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Preterite VS Imperfect
2012-10-26 18:59:03
Preterite VS Imperfect

Preterite VS Imperfect
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