Card Set Information
CPCR anesthesia emergencies
Emergencies in anesthesia can be due to multiple problems. What are the most common problems?
Adverse anesthetic effects
Patient related issues
Human errors are typically caused by what?
Inattention to detail
List some common problems associated with human error
Failure to maintain a thorough history
Failure to perform a pre-anesthetic physical exam
Lack of experience w/ the anesthesia machine & anesthetic agents
Incorrect administration of drugs
Inattention to patients
Failure to respond early to signs of change in the patient
How are anesthetic emergencies avoided?
Be compentent with
Normal & abnormal vital signs & what they mean
Patient, lab work & anesthetic depth
How are equipment failures avoided?
Checking equipment prior to their use
Dexmedetomidine is an alpha-2 drug that may have what adverse effects?
Why is Atropine only given before Dexmedetomidine and never after?
It can cause fatal arrhythmias if given after Dexmedetomidine
How is BP calculated?
CO x HR
What is the lowest acceptable systolic BP?
What is the lowest acceptable MAC? What can be done to correct MAC if it becomes a problem?
Give a fluid bolus, decrease the anesthetic
What is a side effect commonly associated with opioid use?
How many patient classes are there? What does each class mean?
: minimal risk, healthy animal, routine procedures
: slight risk, minor dz present; geriatrics, neonates, obese animals
: moderate risk; severe compensated systemic dz
: high risk, severe systemic dz that is life threatening; hemorrhage, pyometra, pneumothorax
: extreme risk; moribund patient that is nor expected to survive w/o sx; end stage of organ failure, major trauma, shock