Emergency Procedures

Card Set Information

Author:
anniles
ID:
180116
Filename:
Emergency Procedures
Updated:
2012-10-26 18:25:05
Tags:
CPCR anesthesia emergencies
Folders:

Description:
Emergency procedures
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user anniles on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Emergencies in anesthesia can be due to multiple problems.  What are the most common problems?
    • Human error
    • Equipment failure
    • Adverse anesthetic effects
    • Patient related issues
  2. Human errors are typically caused by what?
    Inattention to detail
  3. List some common problems associated with human error
    • Failure to maintain a thorough history
    • Failure to perform a pre-anesthetic  physical exam
    • Lack of experience w/ the anesthesia machine & anesthetic agents
    • Incorrect administration of drugs
    • Inattention to patients
    • Fatigue
    • Failure to respond early to signs of change in the patient
  4. How are anesthetic emergencies avoided?
    • Be compentent with:
    • Drugs
    • Body physiology
    • Normal & abnormal vital signs & what they mean
    • Anesthetic equipment
    • Specialty techniques
    • Patient, lab work & anesthetic depth
  5. How are equipment failures avoided?
    Checking equipment prior to their use
  6. Dexmedetomidine is an alpha-2 drug that may have what adverse effects?
    • Vasocontriction (hypertension)
    • Bradycardia
  7. Why is Atropine only given before Dexmedetomidine and never after?
    It can cause fatal arrhythmias if given after Dexmedetomidine
  8. How is BP calculated?
    CO x HR
  9. What is the lowest acceptable systolic BP?
    90 mmHg
  10. What is the lowest acceptable MAC? What can be done to correct MAC if it becomes a problem?
    • 60 mmHg
    • Give a fluid bolus, decrease the anesthetic
  11. What is a side effect commonly associated with opioid use?
    Respiratory depression
  12. How many patient classes are there?  What does each class mean?
    • 5 classes
    • Class 1: minimal risk, healthy animal, routine procedures
    • Class 2: slight risk, minor dz present; geriatrics, neonates, obese animals
    • Class 3: moderate risk; severe compensated systemic dz
    • Class 4: high risk, severe systemic dz that is life threatening; hemorrhage, pyometra, pneumothorax
    • Class 5: extreme risk; moribund patient that is nor expected to survive w/o sx; end stage of organ failure, major trauma, shock

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview