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1551. Twenty-Sixth Amendment
1553. Cesar Chavez
1554. Warren E. Burger Appointed, 1969
1555. American Indian Movement (AIM), Wounded Knee
Lowered voting age to 18.
- Name given to Mexican-Americans, who in 1970, were the majority of
- migrant farm labor in the U.S.
- Non-violent leader of the United Farm Workers from 1963-1970. Organized
- laborers in California and in the Southwest to strike against fruit and
- vegetable growers. Unionized Mexican-American farm workers.
A conservative appointed by Nixon, he filled Earl Warren's liberal spot.
- Formed in 1968 by urban Indians who seized the village of Wounded Knee
- in February, 1973 to bring attention to Indian rights. This 71-day
- confrontation with federal marshalls ended in a government agreement to
- reexamine treaty rights of the Ogalala Sioux.
1557. Arab oil embargo
1558. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
1559. Balance of Trade
- October 6, 1973 - Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. Moscow backed Egypt
- and both U.S. and U.S.S.R. put their armed forced on alert. In an
- attempt to pressure America into a pro-Arab stance, OPEC imposed an
- embargo on all oil to the U.S.
- An international oil cartel dominated by an Arab majority, joined
- together to protect themselves.
- 1973 - U.S. tried to balance its trade to make American goods cost less
- for foreigners, in order to encourage them to buy more American
- products. Resulted in a devalued dollar.
1562. Gerald R. Ford
1564. SALT II
- Nixon's vice president after Agnew resigned, he became the only
- president never to be elected. Taking office after Nixon resigned, he
- pardoned Nixon for all federal crimes that he "committed or may have
- During the 60's and 70's, the U.S. was suffering from 5.3% inflation and
- 6% unemployment. Refers to the unusual economic situation in which an
- economy is suffering both from inflation and from stagnation of its
- industrial growth.
- Second Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. A second treaty was signed on
- June 18, 1977 to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
- because it was getting too competitive. Set limits on the numbers of
- weapons produced. Not passed by the Senate as retaliation for
- U.S.S.R.'s invasion of Afghanistan, and later superseded by the START
1565. Election of 1976: candidate, issues
1566. Jimmy Carter
- Jimmy Carter, Democrate defeated Gerald Ford, Republican. The issues
- were energy, transportation, and conservation. Carter had no Washington
- ties. Ford appealed to the upper- middle class, but Carter won by 1.7
- million votes.
- Elected to the Senate in 1962 and 1964, in 1974 he became the 39th
- President, with Vice President Walter Mondale. He secured energy
- programs, set the framework for Egypt-Israel treaty, and sought to base
- foreign policy on human rights.
- A general pardon by which the government absolves offenders, President
- Carter offered amnesty of Americans who had fled to other countries to
- avoid the draft for the Vietnam War.