chapter 6

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chapter 6
2012-10-27 13:29:29

chapter 6
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  1. advocate
    one who pleads the cause of antother , one who defends or maintains a cause or proposal
  2. allocating
    apportioning for a specific purpose or to particular persons or things
  3. annotations
    notes added by way of comment or explanation
  4. beneficence
    the act of doing or producing good , especially performing acts of charity or kindness
  5. clinical trials
    research studies that test how well new medical treatments or other interventions work in the subjects , usually human beings
  6. disparities
    marked differences or distinctions
  7. disposition
    the tendency of something or someone to act in a certain manner under given circumstances
  8. duty
    obligatory task , conduct , service , or functions that arise from one's position , as in life or in a group
  9. euthanasia
    practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy
  10. fidelity
    faithfulness to something to which one is bound by pledge or duty
  11. gametes
    mature male or female germ cells , usually possessing a haploid chromosome set and capable of initiating formation of a new diploid individual
  12. genome
    the genetic material of an organism
  13. idealism
    the practice of forming ideas or living under the influence of ideas
  14. impaired
    being in a less than perfect or less than whole condition , it includes having handicaps or functional defects and being under the influence of drugs , alcohol , or controlled substance
  15. infertile
    not fertile or productive , not capble of reproducing
  16. introspection
    an inward , reflective examination of one's own thoughts and feelings
  17. justice
    with regard to medial ethics , the fair distribution of benefits and burden among individuals or groups in society
  18. nonmaleficence
    refraining from the act of harming or committing evil
  19. opinions
    formal expressions of judgment or advice by an expert , formal expressions of the legal resons and principles on which a legal decision is based
  20. philosopher
    a person who seeks wisdom or enlightenment , an expounder of a theory in a cetain area of experience
  21. postmortem
    done , collected , or occurring after death
  22. procurement
    to get possession of , to obtain by particular care and effort
  23. public domain
    the realm embracing property rights that belong to the community at large , are unpprotected by copyright or patent , and are subject to use or appropriation by anyone
  24. ramifications
    consequences produced by a cause or following from a set of conditions
  25. reparations
    amends , acts of atonement , or satisfaction given as a result of a wrong or injury
  26. sociologic
    oriented or directed toward social needs and problems
  27. surrogate
    a substitute , to put in place of another
  28. unique identifiers
    codes used instead of names to protect the confidentiality of the patient in a method of anonymous HIV testing
  29. veracity
    a devotion to or conformity with the truth
  30. ethics
    thoughts , judgments , and actions on issues that have implications or moral right and wrong
  31. etiquette
    courtesy , customs and manners
  32. the earliest written code of ethical conduct for medical practice was conceived in BC by the babylonians. it was call the
    Code of Hammurabi
  33. father of medicine
  34. hippocrates was made by ________ _______ and english physician philosopher and writer
    Thomas Percival

    he published his sociologic matters
  35. in 1846 , as the American Medical Association AMA was being organized in
    new york city
  36. at the first annual AMA meeting in 1847 a
    code of ethics was formulated and adopted
  37. who decides what is ethical
    you do
  38. CEJA stands for
    Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs

    consist of 9 active members of the AMA including one resident physician member and one medical student member.
  39. the CEJA is responsible for
    interpreting the AMA principles of medical ethics as adopted by the house of delegates of AMA
  40. the AMA's code of ethics has four components
    principle of medical ethics

    the fundamental elements of the patient-physician relationship

    current opinions of the CEJA with annotations

    reports of the CEJA

    ( they disscuss more than 135 ethical issues encountered  in medicine)