Close Air Support
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What is Type 1 Control of CAS?
JTAC must visually acquire the attacking aircraft and the target for each attack, require individual attacks on tgt. Requires the term “Clear Hot”
What is Type 2 Control for CAS?
JTAC desires control of individual attacks, JTAC is unable to visually acquire the attacking aircraft at weapons release, JTAC is unable to visually acquire the target, Attacking aircraft is unable to acquire the mark / target prior to weapons release, Requires the term “Clear Hot”
What is Close Combat Attack?
the same as CAS but due to capabilities of the aircraft and the enhanced situational awareness of the aircrews, terminal control from the ground units or controllers is not necessary.”
What is Close Air Support?
Air action by fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces, and which require detailed integration
What is Type 3 Control for CAS?
JTAC requires ability to provide clearance for multiple attacks within a single engagement and its subject to specific attack restrictions
What are two types of uses for CAS Mission planning?
Augment supporting fires and Organic fires
What does Augment supporting fires consist of?
Speed, Range, and Maneuverability
What are organic fires limited by?
Target type, Range, Terrain, Maneuver
What are the 5 steps in the decision making process for CAS?
- 1. Receipt of mission
- 2. Mission analysis
- 3. COA development
- 4. COA analysis/war-game
- 5. Orders production
What are 2 types of Airspace Control Measures?
- Formal: Established by separate Bde or higher, In ACO, Hard and fast
- Informal: Most preferred method, Established by any commander, Space, Time
What is the most perferred measure with Airspace Control?
Describe collateral damage.
Unintentional or incidental injury or damage to persons or objects that would not be lawful military targets in the circumstances ruling at the time.
What is the acronym LOAC?
Law of Armed Conflict
What are the 4 principles of LOAC?
- Military Necessity
- Unnecessary Suffering
What is a fundamental considerations of Airspace Control?
The need for close coordination and integration of surface force operations, supporting fires, air operations, air defense operations, special operations, and airspace control activities
Who is overall responsible for all Airspace in AOR
JFC. Joint Force Commander
Who is ‘normally’ designated as the Airspace Control Authority (ACA) and Area Air Defense Commander (AADC)?
JFACC (Joint Forces Air Component Commander)
Who develops, with component input, the Airspace Control Plan (ACP) to support the JFC’s goals?
ACA (airspace control authority)
What are 2 types of Airspace Control Methods?
Positive and Precedural
What is a Killbox?
A killbox is a three-dimensional area used to facilitate the integration of joint fires that allows lethal attack against surface targets without further coordination with the establishing commander and without terminal attack control.
What is a Airspce Control plan?
The document approved by the joint force commander that provides specific planning guidance and procedures for the airspace control system for the joint force operational area
Who is the primary TACS control agency for execution of CAS?
ASOC (Air Support Operation Center)
What consists of Liaison elements from every service/component and produces Air Tasking Orders ATOs and Airspace Control Order(s) (ACO)?
JAOC (Joint Air Operation Centers)
What form is used to request preplanned CAS?
What are two types of mission CAS requests?
Preplanned and Immediate
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