Unit 4 (Cranium: Labeling)

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nenyabrooke
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180448
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Unit 4 (Cranium: Labeling)
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2012-11-15 22:00:50
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Procedures III
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Unit 4: Cranium - Labeling only
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  1. label:
    • A. supraorbital margin (SOM)
    • B. outer canthus
    • C. infraorbital margin (IOM)
    • D. angle of mandible (gonion)
    • E. glabella
    • F. interpupillary line (IPL)
    • G. inner canthus
    • H. nasion
    • I. acanthion
    • J. mental point
  2. label:
    • A. external acoustic meatus (EAM)
    • B. glabelloalveolar line (GAL)
    • C. glabella
    • D. glabellomeatal line
    • E. orbitomeatal line (OML)
    • F. infraorbitomeatal line (IOML)
    • G. acanthion
    • H. acanthomeatal line (AML)
    • I. mental point
    • J. mentomeatal line (MML)
    • A. ethmoid bone
    • B. sphenoid bone
    • C. temporal bone
    • D. zygoma
    • E. vomer
    • F. mandible
    • G. frontal bone
    • H. parietal bone
    • I. nasal bone
    • J. lacrimal bone
    • K. maxilla bone
    • L. inferior nasal conchae
    • A. Pterion (point)
    • B. Squamosal suture
    • C. Bregma (point)
    • D. Coronal suture
    • E. Sagittal suture
    • F. Lambda (point)
    • G. Lambdoidal suture
    • H. Asterion (point)
  3. the joints of the cranium are of the ____________ type.
    fibrous/synarthrodial
    • A. anterior fontanel (bregma)
    • B. sphenoidal fontanel (pterion)
    • C. mastoid fontanel (asterion)
    • D. posterior fontanel (lambda)
  4. give the dimensions of the labeled spans and three aspects to remember when considering these dimensions:
    • A. 6 inches (15cm)
    • B. 7 inches (18cm)
    • C. 9 inches (22cm) - submentovertical aspect

    • there is less atrophy in the skull than anywhere else in the body
    • the skull is wider in the back than in the front (parietal area is widest point)
    • internal structures are located in a different place if these measurements are off by more than an inch.
    • frontal bone
    • A. squama
    • B. supraorbital notch/foramen
    • C. supraorbital margin
    • D. glabella
    • E. nasal spine
    • F. orbital plate
    • G. superciliary arch
    • H. supraorbital  groove (SOG)
    • I. frontal eminence
    • J. supraorbital margin
    • K. nasal spine
    • L. ethmoidal notch
    • M. orbital plate
    • A. ethmoid bone
    • B. cribiform/horizontal plate
    • C. superior nasal conchae
    • D. air cells of labyrinth
    • E. middle nasal conchae
    • F. perpendicular/vertical plate
    • G. medial orbital wall
    • H. labyrinth (lateral mass)
    • I. crista galli
    • J. cribiform/horizontal plate
    • K. anterior air cells
    • L. middle air cells
    • M. posterior air cells
    • A. sphenoid bone
    • B. frontal bone
    • C. frontal sinus
    • D. frontonasal suture
    • E. nasal bone
    • F. crista galli
    • G. ethmoid bone
    • H. nasion
    • I. frontonasal suture
    • J. nasal bones
    • K. frontosphenoidal suture
    • L. coronal suture
    • A. lesser wing
    • B. foramen rotundum
    • C. foramen ovale
    • D. foramen spinosum
    • E. posterior clinoid process
    • F. sella turcica
    • G. dorsum sellae
    • H. optic/chiasmatic groove
    • I. optic canal
    • J. carotid sulcus
    • K. anterior clinoid process
    • L. greater wing
    • M. jugum sphenoidale
    • N. tuberculum sellae
    • O. anterior clinoid process
    • P. hypophyseal fossa
    • Q. posterior clinoid process
    • R. dorsum sellae
    • S. clivus
    • T. sellae turcica
    • U. carotid sulcus
    • V. tuberculum sellae
    • W. anterior clinoid process
    • X. posterior clinoid process
    • Y. dorsum sellae
    • Z. sphenoid strut
    • 1. clivus
    • 2. pterygoid process
    • 3. lateral pterygoid lamina
    • 4. medial pterygoid lamina
    • 5. pterygoid hamulus
    • 6. greater wing
    • 7. anterior clinoid process
    • 8. optic canal and foramen
    • 9. lesser wing
    • 10. sphenoid bone
    • A. optic canal
    • B. ethmoid bone
    • C. lacrimal bone
    • D. maxilla
    • E. frontal bone
    • F. sphenoid bone
    • G. zygomatic bone
    • H. palatine bone
    • A. anterior cranial fossa
    • B. middle cranial fossa
    • C. posterior cranial fossa
    • A. squamosal suture
    • B. pterion
    • C. bregma
    • D. coronal suture
    • E. sagittal suture
    • F. lambda
    • G. lambdoidal suture
    • H. asterion
    • A. orbital roofs
    • B. temporo-mandibular joints
    • C. mandibular rami
    • D. sella turcica
    • E. clivus
    • F. petrous pyramid
    • G. external acoustic meatus
    • H. mastoid regions
    • A. external occipital protuberance (inion)
    • B. condylar canal 
    • C. foramen magnum/the great hole
    • D. occipital condyle
    • E. jugular process
    • F. occipital condyle
    • G. transverse sulcus
    • H. superior sagittal sulcus
    • I. fossa for cerebrum
    • J. fossa for cerebellum
    • K. jugular process
    • L. condyle for articulation with atlas (C1)
    • M. basilar part
    • N. occipital sulcus
    • A. dorsum sellae
    • B. clivus
    • C. occipital bone
    • D. sphenoid bone
    • E. basal portion
    • A. zygomatic process
    • B. styloid process
    • C. tympanic portion
    • D. mastoid portion
    • E. occipitomastoid suture
    • F. lambdoidal suture
    • G. parietomastoid suture
    • H. squamous portion 
    • I. greater wing of sphenoid
    • J. temporal bone
    • K. petrous portion (pyramid)
    • L. occipital bone
    • M. apex
    • N. lesser wing of sphenoid
    • A. squama
    • B. articular tubercle
    • C. zygomatic process
    • D. mandibular fossa
    • E. styloid process
    • F. tympanic portion
    • G. external acoustic meatus
    • H. temporal line
    • I. squamous portion
    • J. mastoid air cells
    • K. mastoid tip
    • L. internal acoustic canal
    • M. carotid canal
    • N. apex
    • O. petrous portion
    • P. tegman tympani
    • Q. mastoid (tympanic antrum)
  5. name the projection and label:
    • lateral skull projection
    • A. orbital roofs
    • B. temporomandibular joints
    • C. mandibular rami
    • D. sella turcica
    • E. clivus
    • F. petrous pyramids
    • G. EAM
    • H. mastoid regions
  6. name the projection and label:
    • Rhese Method (orbitoparietal oblique) of left eye
    • A. superior orbital margin
    • B. medial orbital margin
    • C. inferior orbital margin
    • D. lateral orbital margin
    • E. left optic canal
  7. name the projection and label:
    • PA skull
    • A. vertex
    • B. supraorbital margin
    • C. petrous ridge
    • D. inferior orbital margin
    • E. frontal bone
    • F. frontal sinus
    • G. dorsum sellae
    • H. crista galli
    • I. ethmoid sinus
  8. name the projection and label:
    • PA Axial Skull (Caldwell Method)
    • A. superior orbital margin
    • B. petrous ridge
    • C. inferior orbital margin
    • D. ethmoid sinus
  9. name the projection and label:
    • AP Axial (Towne Method) or PA Axial (Haas Method)
    • A. occipital bone
    • B. petrous ridge
    • C. posterior clinoid process
    • D. parietal bone
    • E. foramen magnum
    • F. dorsum sellae
  10. name the projection and label:
    • SMV (submentovertical cranial base) projection
    • A. nasal septum
    • B. foramen ovale and spinosum
    • C. petrous pyramid
    • D. mastoid process
    • E. ethmoid sinus
    • F. mandible
    • G. sphenoid sinus
    • H. foramen magnum
    • I. occipital bone
  11. name the projection and label:
    • Lateral Sella Turcica
    • A. anterior clinoid process
    • B. sphenoid sinus
    • C. posterior clinoid process
    • D. dorsum sellae
    • E. sella turcica
    • A. auricle/pinna
    • B. helix
    • C. concha
    • D. external acoustic meatus
    • E. middle ear
    • F. internal ear
    • G. cochlea
    • H. eustacian tube
    • I. tympanic membrane
    • J. external ear
    • K. tragus

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