Unit 2

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Unit 2
2012-10-29 05:56:29
Influences affecting Pediatric Nursing

External and Internal influences
Show Answers:

  1. What external influences affect nursing care?
    Religion, economics, social (family)
  2. What internal influences affect nursing care?
    Developmental stage, experience, personality, ordinal positioning, age specific
  3. How do external influences affect the family?
    • Parents-role and role transition/learning
    • Siblings-impact
    • Ordinal position-power unequally distributed
    • Twin/Multiple birth-work out relationships that are independent
  4. What are some special considerations with family care?
    Foster parenting, cross-racial, adoption, cultural considerations
  5. Define culture
    A pattern of learned beliefs, values, and practices that are shared within a group; includes practices, customs, views on roles and relationships including parenting, and communication patterns and language
  6. Define Society
    A system of human organizations generating distinctive cultural patterns and institutions and usually providing protection, security, continuity, and a national identity for its members
  7. Define Race
    A division of humans possessing traits transmissible by descent and sufficient to characterize as a distinct human type
  8. Define Ethnicity
    The affiliation of a set of persons who share a unique cultural, social, and linguistic heritage
  9. What are some factors in nursing care?
    Sociocultural, hereditary, socioeconomic, immigrants & migrant workers, relativism between different cultures, how different cultures interact, customs
  10. Define religion
    an organzied system of beliefs or a place of worship
  11. Define spirituality
    An individual's personal beliefs, reanscedent experiences, and principles. How you live your religion or personal beliefs
  12. What are three areas to explore about the family's culture, religion or spirituality
    • Beliefs and values
    • Daily practices
    • community involvement
  13. How does religion affect health perception?
    Belief that illness or death is "will of God", "punishment for sin", "test of strength"
  14. What are some other special considerations?
    Dietary restrictions, healthcare restrictions, rites or practices
  15. Which Erikson stage is Trust v. Mistrust?
    Infant (birth-1 yr)
  16. What Erikson stage do toddlers (1-3 yrs) go through?
    Autonomy v. Shame & Doubt
  17. A preschooler (3-6 yrs) will go through which Erikson stage?
    Initiative v. Guilt
  18. Which age group goes through Erikson's Industry v. Inferiority?
    School-age (6-12 yrs)
  19. What Erikson stage do adolescents (12-18 yrs) encounter?
    Identity v. role confusion