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_____ means that people, relationships, and things matter.
Caring is a multidimensional concept. What are the five viewpoints of caring?
- Caring as a moral imperative
- Caring as an affect
- Caring as a human trait
- Caring as a therapeutic intervention
The six C's were a theory visualized by who?
M. Simone Roach
What are the six C's of caring?
- Compassion: awareness of one's relationship to others, sharing their joys, sorrows, pain, and accomplishments
- Competence: Haing the knowledge, judgment, skills, energy, experience, and motivation to respond adequately to others within the demands of prefessional responsibilities.
- Confidence: The quality that fosters trusing relationships.
- Conscience: Morals, ethics, and an informed sense of right and wrong.
- Commitment: Convergence between one's desires and obligations and the deliberate choice to act in accordance with them.
- Comportment: Appropriate bearing, demeanor, dress, and language, that are in harmony with caring presence.
What is Empirical knowing?
- Scientific competence
- Ranges from factual, observable phenomena to theoretical analyses.
What is Aesthetic knowing?
- Creative action
- Is the art of nursing and is expressed by the individual nurse through his or her creativity and style in meeting the needs of clients.
What is Personal knowing?
- Therapeutic use of self
- Promotes wholeness and integrity in the personal encounter, achieves engagement rather than detachment, and denies the manipulative or impersonal approach.
What is Ethical knowing?
- Moral/Ethical awareness
- forcuses on matters of obligation or what ought to be done, and goes beyod simply follwing the ethical code of the discipline.
How did Leininger note Caring?
- Noted that caring, as nurturing behavior, has been present throughtout history and is one of the most critical factors in helping people maintain or regain health.
- In order to provide care that is congruent with cultural values, beliefs, and practices, the nurse must understand these differences and similarities.
- Her theory of culture care diversity and univerality is based on the assumption that nurses must understand different cultures in order to function effectively.