Medical terminology

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kortney21
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180677
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Medical terminology
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2012-12-07 00:01:20
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  1. -fusion
    coming together; to pour
  2. pre-
    befroe
  3. ante-
    before,forward
  4. ureter/o
    ureter
  5. urethr/o
    urethra
  6. albumin/o
    albumin (a protein in the blood)
  7. lact/o
    milk
  8. o/o
    egg
  9. ovari/o
    ovary
  10. ovul/o
    egg
  11. perine/o
    perineum
  12. eosin/o
    rosy
  13. bas/o
    basic
  14. morph/o
    shape
  15. mort/o
    death
  16. neo-
    new
  17. syn- , sym-
    togeher, with
  18. pseudo-
    false
  19. pro-
    before, forward
  20. pan-
    all
  21. -lysis
    breakdown, destruction,separation
  22. pulmon/o
    lungs
  23. mast/o
    breast
  24. angi/o
    vessel
  25. acul/o
    sharp,severe, sudden
  26. in-
    not
  27. urin/o
    urinalysis
  28. -crine
    to secrete
  29. -ism
    process or condition
  30. -ic, -ical
    pertaining to
  31. -um
    a structure
  32. sect/o
    to cut
  33. -globin
    protein
  34. -ole
    little, small
  35. inguin/o
    groin
  36. -berry
    shaped bacterium
  37. plural of -coccus
    -cocci
  38. plural form of berry?
    bacteria 
  39. ana-
    up
  40. -centesis
    surgical punture to remove fluid
  41. -lysis
    destruction, breakdown, separation
  42. -cele
    hernia
  43. staphyl/o
    clusters
  44. -globin
    protein
  45. nephr/o
    kidney
  46. sacr/o
    sacrum
  47. thorac/o
    chest
  48. adip/o
    fat
  49. ot/o
    ear
  50. Agora
    marketplace
  51. neutr/o
    neutrophil
  52. neutrophil
    a white blood cell
  53. myel/o
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  54. lymph/o
    lymph
  55. lymph
    a clear fluid that bathes tissue space, is contained in special lymph vessels & nodes throughout the body
  56. -iac
    pertaining to
  57. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  58. -ectasis, -ectasia
    stretching, dilation,dilatation, widening
  59. -stomy
    new opening
  60. -pexy
    fixation, put in place
  61. -one
    hormone
  62. -genesis
    formation
  63. zo/o
    animal life
  64. vas/o
    vessel, duct; vas deferens
  65. varic/o
    varicose veins
  66. test/o
    testis,testicle
  67. terat/o
    monster
  68. -ferous
    pertaining to bearing, bearing, carrying
  69. sperm/o,spermat/o
    spermatozoa, semen
  70. semin/i
    semen, seed
  71. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  72. pen/o
    penis
  73. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
    testis, testicle
  74. hydr/o
    water, fluid
  75. gon/o
    seed
  76. epididym/o
    epididymis
  77. crypt/o
    hidden
  78. cry/o
    cold
  79. balan/o
    penis
  80. andr/o
    male
  81. -gravide
    pregnant
  82. -drome
    to run
  83. chron/o
    time
  84. -stenosis
    tightening, stricture,narrowing
  85. para-
    abnormal, beside, near
  86. -ose
    pertaining to or full of
  87. phleb/o
    vein
  88. -ary
    pertaining to
  89. per-
    through
  90. -version
    act of turning
  91. -pexy
    fixation
  92. -tocia
    labor, birth
  93. retro-
    behind, backward
  94. pharyng/o
    throat
  95. rect/o
    rectum
  96. uvul/o
    uvula
  97. append/o
    appendix
  98. appendic/o
    appendix
  99. -iasis
    abnormal condition
  100. -chezia
    defecation, elimination of wastes
  101. steat/o
    fat
  102. lip/o
    fat, lipid
  103. col/o
    colon, large intestines
  104. colon/o
    colon
  105. duoden/o
    duodenum
  106. chlorhydr/o
    hydrochloric acid
  107. esophag/o
    esophagus
  108. faci/o
    face
  109. gloss/o
    tongue
  110. hepat/o
    liver
  111. mandibul/o
    lower jaw, mandible
  112. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  113. palat/o
    palate
  114. -rrhea
    flow,discharge
  115. -spasm
    involuntary contraction of muscles
  116. -plasty
    surgical repair
  117. jejun/o
    jejunum
  118. labi/o
    lip
  119. glyc/o
    sugar
  120. gluc/o
    sugar
  121. meta-
    change
  122. lumb/o
    lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
  123. -stasis
    stopping, controlling
  124. -stasis
    stopping, controlling
  125. -pnea
    breathing
  126. -gen
    sub that produces
  127. somn/o
    sleep
  128. -mission
    to send
  129. -lysis
    breakdown, destruction, separation
  130. pelv/i
    pelvis, hip region
  131. poster/o
    back, behind
  132. -type
    classification or picture
  133. kary/o
    nucleus
  134. viscer/o
    internal organs
  135. pro-
    before, forward
  136. cis/o
    to cut
  137. hist/o
    tissue
  138. sub-
    below, under
  139. -ism
    process
  140. -pathy
    disease, condition
  141. pro-
    before
  142. bronch/o
    bronchial tubes
  143. bronchial tubes are?
    two tubes one right one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs
  144. chem/o
    drug, chemical
  145. -type
    picture, classification
  146. hydr/o
    water, fluid
  147. -ism
    process, condition
  148. dist/o
    far, distant
  149. morph/o
    shape, form
  150. my/o
    muscle
  151. myel/o
    spinal cord or bone marrow
  152. crani/o
    skull
  153. cyt/o
    cell
  154. inter-
    between
  155. -scopy
    process of visually examining with an endoscope
  156. chrom/o
    color
  157. cata-
    down
  158. -ptosis
    drooping; sagging; protruding
  159. cervic/o
    neck (of the body or of the uterus)
  160. ana-
    up
  161. -ist
    specialist
  162. protc/o
    protein
  163. pleur/o
    pleura
  164. Pleura?
    membrane surrounding lungs & adjacent to chest wall
  165. pylor/o
    pyloric sphincter
  166. -stasis
    stopping; controlling
  167. -therapy
    treatment
  168. onc/o
    tumor
  169. amyl/o
    starch
  170. -um, -ium
    structure, tissue
  171. -opsy
    process of viewing
  172. -sarc/o
    flesh
  173. cost/o
    rib
  174. ur/o
    urinary tract, urine
  175. -emia
    blood condition
  176. -gram
    record
  177. -phoria
    to bear, carry; feeling
  178. re-
    back
  179. -sis
    state or condition of
  180. glyc/o
    sugar
  181. -plasm
    structure or formation
  182. or/o
    mouth
  183. encephal/o
    brain
  184. cyt/o
    cell
  185. lingu/o
    tongue
  186. son/o
    sound
  187. -ptosis
    falling, dropping, prolapse
  188. ultra-
    beyond, excess
  189. hemi-
    half
  190. ec-, ecto-
    out, outside
  191. furc/o
    forking, branching
  192. -ar
    pertaining to 
  193. contra-
    against, opposite
  194. seps/o
    infection
  195. -lapse
    to slide, fall, sag
  196. top/o
    place, postion, location
  197. pub/o
    pubis (pubic bone)
  198. Pubis?
    anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
  199. -ptosis
    falling, dropping, prolapse
  200. ad-
    toward
  201. macro-
    large
  202. supra-
    above, upper
  203. pre-
    before, in front of
  204. -plasty
    surgical repair
  205. -plasia
    development, formation, growth
  206. -ist
    one who specializes in a field of medicine 
  207. re-
    back, backward, again
  208. an/o
    anus
  209. cheil/o
    lip
  210. ile/o
    ileum
  211. gingiv/o
    gums
  212. enter/o
    intestines, usually small intestine
  213. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  214. bucc/o
    cheek
  215. chol/e
    gall/bile
  216. bil/i
    gall/ bile
  217. lith/o
    stone
  218. -prandial
    meal
  219. proct/o
    anus & rectum
  220. labi/o
    lip
  221. -tresia
    opening
  222. odont/o
    tooth
  223. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  224. sial/o
    saliva, salivary
  225. -ase
    enzyme
  226. -pepsia
    digestion
  227. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  228. celi/o
    belly, abdomen
  229. dent/i
    tooth
  230. -rrhage, -rrhagia
    bursting forth (of blood)
  231. -pyysis
    spitting
  232. enter/o
    intestines 
  233. -cyte
    cell
  234. erythr/o
    red
  235. gastr/o
    stomach
  236. -ectomy
    excision or removal
  237. -tomy
    process of cutting
  238. hyper-
    excessive, above, or more than normal
  239. -emia
    blood condition
  240. gnos/o
    knowledge
  241. -al
    pertaining to
  242. -tomy
    process of cutting, incision
  243. dia-
    complete
  244. arthr/o
    joint
  245. aden/o
    gland
  246. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  247. -cyte
    cell
  248. -osis
    condition, usually abnormal 
  249. -algia
    pain
  250. -al
    pertaining to
  251. Hematoma.. oma means?
    mass or collection of rather than a growth of cells
  252. end-, endo-
    within
  253. -thromb/o
    clot, clotting
  254. -rhin/o
    nose
  255. Ren/o & nephr/o both mean?
    kidney
  256. -ren/o
    kidney
  257. radi/o
    x-rays
  258. -psych/o
    mind
  259. ped/o
    child
  260. path/o
    disease
  261. oste/o
    bone
  262. -scope
    an instrument for visual examinations
  263. ophthalm/o
    eye
  264. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  265. gastr/o
    stomach
  266. -genic
    pertaining to producing, produced by, produced in
  267. -ac
    pertaining to
  268. dermat/o
    skin
  269. -ion
    process
  270. hem/o
    blood
  271. hemat/o
    blood
  272. gynec/o
    woman, female
  273. log/o
    study of
  274. hapat/o
    liver
  275. leuk/o
    white
  276. neur/o
    nerve
  277. -genic
    pertaining to producing, produced by or produced in
  278. -logy
    process or condition of studying
  279. -itis
    inflammation
  280. -oma
    tumor or mass
  281. -cerebr/o
    cerebrum
  282. cerebrum?
    largest part of the brain
  283. -oma
    tumor, mass, swelling
  284. -logy
    process of study
  285. -itis
    inflammation
  286. cardi/o
    heart
  287. carcin/o
    cancerous, cancer
  288. bi/o
    life
  289. epi-
    above, upon
  290. cephal/o
    head
  291. vertebr/o
    vertebrae, backbones
  292. trache/o
    trachea, windpipe
  293. umbilic/o
    navel, umbilicus
  294. -somes
    bodies
  295. proxim/o
    nearest
  296. spin/o
    spine, backbone
  297. thel/o
    nipple
  298. nucle/o
    nucleus
  299. coccyg/o
    coccyx
  300. -plasm
    formation
  301. -somes
    bodies
  302. -plasm
    formation
  303. dors/o
    back portion of the body
  304. ili/o
    ilium
  305. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  306. stomat/o
    mouth
  307. norm/o
    rule, order
  308. -pysis
    to grow
  309. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  310. -plasia
    develpoment, formation, growth
  311. metr/o, metri/o
    uterus
  312. cib/o
    meals
  313. -dynia
    pain
  314. phor/o
    to bear
  315. nect/o
    to bind, tie, connect
  316. -oid
    resembling
  317. anter/o
    front
  318. obstetr/o
    pregnancy & childbirth
  319. ventr/o
    belly side of the body
  320. dactyl/o
    fingers, toes
  321. duct/o
    to lead, carry
  322. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
  323. dia-
    through, complete
  324. -us
    structure, substance
  325. -ous
    pertaining to
  326. -tic
    pertining to
  327. meta
    beyond
  328. -or
    one who
  329. trigon/o
    trigone
  330. Trigone?
    region of the bladder
  331. kal/o
    potassium
  332. ket/o, keton/o
    ketone bodies
  333. olig/o
    scanty
  334. ur/o
    urine
  335. culd/o
    cul-de-sac
  336. cophor/o
    ovary
  337. ov/o
    egg
  338. natr/o
    sodium
  339. vesic/o
    urinary bladder
  340. chori/o, chorion/o
    chorion
  341. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  342. -tripsy
    crushing
  343. -rrhaphy
    suture
  344. -poietin
    sub that forms
  345. -uria
    urination; urine condition
  346. galact/o
    milk
  347. -uria
    urine condition
  348. cali/o, calic/o
    calyx
  349. py/o
    pus
  350. azot/o
    nitrogen
  351. colp/o
    vagina
  352. disp/o
    thirst
  353. episi/o
    vulva
  354. hyster/o
    uterus, womb
  355. my/o, myom/o
    muscle, muscular tumor
  356. men/o
    menses, menstruation
  357. mamm/o
    breast
  358. urin/o
    urine
  359. noct/o
    night
  360. bacteri/o
    bacteria
  361. -ior
    pertaining to
  362. bol/o
    to cast (throw)
  363. -eal
    pertaining to
  364. -ion
    process
  365. -blast
    immature
  366. terat/o
    monster
  367. meat/o
    meatus
  368. acr/o
    extremities, top, extreme point
  369. -er
    one, who
  370. -ose
    pertining to, full of
  371. blephar /o
    eyelid
  372. necr/o
    death (of cells or whole body)
  373. plas/o
    formation
  374. -megaly
    enlargement
  375. de-
    down, lack of
  376. -penia
    deficiency
  377. con-
    with, together
  378. ipsi-
    same
  379. glomerul/o
    glomerulus
  380. intra-
    in, within, into
  381. infra-
    beneath, under
  382. primi-
    first
  383. nulli-
    no, not, none
  384. ex-
    out
  385. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  386. tachy-
    fast
  387. re-
    back, again
  388. post-
    after, behind
  389. poly-
    many, much
  390. micro-
    small
  391. mal-
    bad
  392. eu-
    good, normal
  393. brachy-
    slow
  394. auto-
    self, own
  395. anti-
    against
  396. ab-
    away from
  397. -trophy
    development, nourishment
  398. -partum
    birth, labor
  399. -meter
    to measure
  400. urethr/o
    urethra
  401. trache/o
    windpipe, trachea
  402. tox/o
    poison
  403. thyr/o
    thyroid gland 
  404. thel/o
    nipple
  405. ox/o
    oxygen
  406. morph/o
    shape, form
  407. immun/o
    protection
  408. gloss/o
    tongue
  409. flex/o
    to bend
  410. cis/o
    to cut
  411. carp/o
    wrist bones 
  412. poly
    many
  413. phag/o
    eating, swallowing 
  414. eso-
    within or inward
  415. -ule
    little, small
  416. -trophy
    development, nourishment
  417. -sclerosis
    hardening
  418. -phobia
    fear
  419. -graphy
    process of recording
  420. ven/o
    vein
  421. trache/o
    trachea
  422. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  423. strept/o
    twisted chains
  424. splen/o
    spleen
  425. rect/o
    rectum
  426. pneumon/o
    lungs
  427. phag/o
    to eat, swallow
  428. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  429. muc/o
    mucus
  430. mamm/o
    breast
  431. laryng/o
    larynx
  432. lapar/o
    abdomen, abdominal wall
  433. col/o
    colon
  434. axill/o
    ampit
  435. arthr/o
    joint
  436. arteri/o
    artery
  437. -emesis
    vomiting
  438. -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  439. -sis
    state of; condition
  440. -y
    process, condition
  441. bilirubin/o
    bilirubin
  442. -ic
    pertining to
  443. a-, an-
    no, not, without
  444. cec/o
    cecum
  445. aut-
    self, own
  446. hyper-
    excessive, above, more than normal
  447. -opsy
    process of viewing
  448. trans-
    across, through
  449. cyst/o
    urinary bladder, a sac or cyst
  450. peri-
    surrounding, around
  451. lapar/o
    abdomen
  452. -scopy
    process of visually examining
  453. in-
    into, in
  454. TSH
    thyroid-stimulating hormone
  455. TFT
    thyroid function test
  456. T4
    thyroxine
  457. T3
    triiodothyronine
  458. STH
    somatotropin
  459. STADH
    syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
  460. RAIU
    radioactive iodine uptake 
  461. RIA
    radioimmunoassay
  462. RAI
    radioactive iodine
  463. PTH
    parathyroid hormone
  464. PRL
    prolactin
  465. OT
    oxytocin
  466. 17-OH
    17-hydroxycorticosteroids
  467. NIDDM
    non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  468. Nat
    sodium
  469. MEN
    multiple endocrine neoplasia
  470. MDI
    multiple daily injection
  471. LH
    luteinizing hormone
  472. LADA
    latent autoimmune diabetes in adults
  473. K+
    potassium
  474. IGF
    insulin-like growth factor
  475. IDDM
    insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus
  476. ICSH
    interstitial cell
  477. hCG
    human chorionic gonadotropin
  478. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  479. GH
    growth hormone
  480. FSH
    follicle-stimulating hormone
  481. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  482. FBG
    fasting blood glucose
  483. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  484. DKA
    diabetic ketoacidosis
  485. DI
    diabetes insipidus
  486. CGMS
    continuous glucose monitoring system
  487. CA++
    calcium
  488. BMR
    basal metabolic rate
  489. BGM
    blood glucose monitoring
  490. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  491. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic hormone
  492. AIC
    blood test that measures glycosylated hemoglobin
  493. SOM
    serous otitis media
  494. PE tube
    pressure- equalizing tube
  495. ETD
    eustachian tube dysfunction
  496. ENG 
    electronystagmography
  497. AS
    left ear
  498. AOM
    acute otitis media
  499. AD
    right ear
  500. VF
    visual field
  501. VA
    visual acuity
  502. PRK
    photorefractive keratectomy
  503. POAG
    primary open-angle glaucoma
  504. PERRLA
    pupils equal round, reactive to light & accommodation
  505. OU
    both eyes
  506. OS
    left eye
  507. OD
    right eye
  508. LASIK
    laser in situ keratomileusis
  509. IOP
    intraocular pressure
  510. IOL
    intraocular lens
  511. HEENT
    head, eyes, ears, nose, & throat
  512. AMD
    age-related macular degeneration
  513. SC
    subcutaneous
  514. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  515. PUVA
    psoralen-ultraviolet (a light therapy)
  516. PPD
    purified protein derivative
  517. DLE
    discoid lupus erythematosus
  518. Derm
    dermatology
  519. Bx
    biopsy
  520. ABCDE
    asymmetry, border, color,diameter, evolution
  521. TMJ
    temporomandibular joint
  522. THR
    total hip replacement/arthroplasty
  523. TKR
    total knee replacement/ arthroplasty
  524. T1 to T12
    thoracic vertebrae
  525. SLE
    systemin lupus erythematosus
  526. ROM
    range of motion
  527. RF
    rheumatoid factor
  528. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  529. PT
    physical therapy
  530. P
    phosphorus
  531. OT
    occupational therapy
  532. ortho
    orthopedics
  533. ORIF
    open reduction internal fixation
  534. OA
    osteoarthritis
  535. NSAID
    nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  536. L1 to L5
    lumbar vertebrae
  537. IM
    intramuscular
  538. HNP
    herniated nucleus pulposus
  539. ESR
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  540. EMG
    electromyography
  541. DTRs
    deep tendon reflexes
  542. DO
    doctor of osteopathy
  543. DMARD
    disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
  544. Dexa or DXA
    dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
  545. CTS
    carpal tunnel syndrome
  546. CMC
    carpometacarpal 
  547. CK
    creatine kinase
  548. Ca
    calcium
  549. C1 to C7
    cervical vertebrae
  550. BMD
    bone mineral density
  551. BKA
    below-knee amputation
  552. ANA
    antinuclear antibody
  553. ACL
    anterior cruciate ligament of the knee
  554. AC
    acromioclavicular 
  555. Toxo
    toxoplasmosis
  556. Treg
    regulatory T cell
  557. T8 cell
    cytotoxic T cell
  558. T4 cell
    helper T cell
  559. SCID
    severe combined immunodeficiency disease
  560. RTI
    reverse transcriptase inhibitor
  561. PI
    protease inhibitor
  562. PCP
    pneumocystis pneumonia
  563. NHL
    non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  564. MoAb
    monoclonal antibody
  565. MAI
    myocobacterium avium-intracellulare
  566. Ks
    kaposi sarcoma
  567. IL1 to IL15
    interleukins
  568. IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM
    immunoglobulins
  569. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  570. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  571. Histo
    histoplasmosis
  572. HD
    hodgkin disease
  573. HAART
    highly active antiretroviral therapy
  574. GM-CSF
    granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimutating factor
  575. G-CSF
    granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  576. ELISA
    enzyme-linked immunosorbed assay
  577. Crypto
    cryptococcus
  578. CMV
    cytomegalovirus
  579. CD4 + cell
    help T cell
  580. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  581. inter-
    between
  582. ana-
    again, anew
  583. tox/o
    poison
  584. thym/o
    thymus gland
  585. splen/o
    spleen
  586. lymphaden/o
    lymph node (gland)
  587. lymph/o
    lymph
  588. immun/o
    protection
  589. normal differential
    • segs (polys)~~ 54-62%
    • Lymphs~~ 20-40%
    • EOS ~~ 1-3%
    • Baso ~~ 0-1%
    • Mono ~~ 3-7%
  590. Normal Platelets
    150,000-350,000/mm^3

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