CVA I Course 106

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CVA I Course 106
2012-10-29 21:01:38
CVA Course 106 Common Exotic Animals Animal Restraint

CVA 106 Common and Exotic Animals and Exotic Animal Restraint
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  1. Abortion
    Premature expulsion from the uterus of the products of conception; termination of pregnancy before fetus is viable
  2. Bile
    a yellow-green fluid produced by the liver. It is concentrated and stored in the gallbladder, and is pulled into the small intestine via the bile ducts when needed for digestion. It is important in the digestion and breakdown of fat
  3. Brachycephalic
    Having a wide head and a short and blunted nose.
  4. What are a few breeds considered brachycepalic?
    • Boston terrier
    • Bulldog
    • Pekingese
    • Pug
    • Shih Tzu
  5. Diarrhea
    Rapid movement of fecal matter through the intestine resulting in poor absorption of water, nutritive elements and electrolytes, and producing abnormally frequent evacuation of watery droppings.
  6. Dysplasia
    An abnormality of development; in pathology an alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cells
  7. Euthanasia
    • A peaceful or painless death
    • The deliberate ending of life of a suffering animal
  8. Golden Retriever
  9. German Shorthaired Pointer
  10. Labrador Retreiver
  11. Cocker Spaniel
  12. Basset
  13. Beagle
  14. Greyhound
  15. Dachshund
  16. Chow Chow
  17. Dalmation
  18. Old English Bulldog
  19. Boston Terrier
  20. German Shepherd
  21. Collie
  22. Old English Sheepdog
  23. Australian Shepherd
  24. Great Dane
  25. Saint Bernard
  26. Rottweiler
  27. Doberman Pinscher
  28. West Fox Terrier
  29. Highland White Terrier
  30. Scottish Terrier
  31. Staffordshire Terrier
  32. Shih Tzu
  33. Poodle
  34. Chihuahua
  35. Pug
  36. British Shorthair
    Short-Haired Cat
  37. Siamese
    Short-Haired Cat
  38. American Shorthair
    Short-Haired Cat
  39. Maine Coon
    Semi-Long-Haired Cat
  40. Birman
    Semi-Long-Haired Cat
  41. Persian
    Long-Haired Cat
  42. Russian Blue
    Long-Haired Cat
  43. Himalayan
    Long-Haired Cat
  44. Arabian
    Horse Breed
  45. Quarterhorse
    Horse Breed
  46. Thoroughbred
    Horse Breed
  47. Clydesdale
    Horse Breed
  48. Tennessee Walker
    Horse Breed
  49. Shetland Pony
    Horse Breed
  50. Morgan
    Horse Breed
  51. Miniature
    Horse Breed
  52. Pinto
    Horse Color - Contains large portions of white (splotchy)
  53. Paint
    Horse Color -broad spotching
  54. Palomino
    Horse Color - golden color, white tail and mane
  55. Bay
    Horse Color - black mane, tail, and stockings
  56. Dun
    Horse Color - Yellow/Gold body, Black/Brown/Red Mane and tail. *Has a dorsal stripe* Is a color and a breed
  57. Appaloosa
    Horse Color - Has a 'butt blanket' a large patch on the rump
  58. Sorrel
    Horse Color - Red with mane and tale of the same color. Redder than chestnut.
  59. Chestnut
    Horse Color - Mane, body, and tail are the same color
  60. Buckskin
    Horse Color - Yellowish/Gold body, Black mane and tail
  61. Holstein
    • Dairy Cow
    • Largest of the dairy breeds (B 2200, C 1500)
    • Black and White
    • 90% of dairy cattle in U.S.
    • 1st in milk production
    • 5th in butterfat content (3%)
  62. Jersey
    • Dairy Cow
    • Smallest (B 1600, C1000)
    • Cream to light fawn with black muzzle
    • Switch and dongue may be black or white
    • 5th in milk production
    • 1st in butterfat (5%)
  63. Guernsey
    • Dairy Cow
    • Smaller than others (B 1800, C 1100)
    • Fawn with white markings
    • Skin is yellow, milk is golden!
    • 4th in milk production
    • 2nd in butterfat (5%)
  64. Ayrshire
    • Dairy Cow
    • (B 1700, C 1200)
    • Cherry Red to Mahagony, brown, or white -
    • Colors must be clearly defined
    • 3rd in milk production
    • Milk fat (4%)
  65. Brown Swiss
    • Dairy Cow
    • Large Frame (B 2000, C 1500)
    • Solid brown with black nose and tongue
    • Long lived and have high heat tolerance
    • 2nd in milk production
    • 3rd in milk fat (4.1%)
  66. Charlolais
    • Dairy Cow - per book
    • Size (B 2400, C 2200)
    • Usually all white
    • Notes and internet says it's a meat cow
  67. Hereford
    • Beef Cow
    • Red body, white face, belly, legs, and switch
    • Naturally horned and unhorned
    • superior foragers, very hearty breed
    • produce mor ecalves under adverse conditions
    • more prone to cancer and pink eye
  68. Longhorn
    • Beef cow
    • Can be many colors
    • Horns are curved upward adn spread 4 ft or more
    • Slow maturing, high fertility
    • Resistant to disease, parasites, and harch environments
    • Need a special squeeze chute
  69. Angus
    • Beef Cow
    • Solid Black with smooth haircut
    • Good carcass with high degree of marbling
    • Tempermental
  70. Brahman
    • Beef Cow
    • Bos Indicus
    • LIght Grey to red or black
    • Very heat tolerant, resistant to insects, disease, and parasites
    • Used mainly in cross breeding
  71. Beefmaster
    • Dairy and Beef cow
    • Cross of the Hereford, Shorthorn, and Brahman
    • Developed in Texas on the Lasater Ranch in 1908
  72. Shorthorn
    • Dairy Beef Cow
    • Colors are Red, White, or Roan
    • Adaptable to many climates
    • There is also a polled variety
  73. Suffolk
  74. Landrace
  75. Yorkshire
  76. Hampshire
  77. An amphibian species that comes in many sizes and colors depending on variety
  78. Rodents which are closely related to guinea pigs, with compact bodies, bushy tails, large eyes and ears, and long whiskers. Usually gray, but other colors have been developed by breeders.
  79. Rodents with large black or brown eyes and tails covered in hair. They come in a variety of colors, haveing long back legs, and are very fast runners.
  80. Small, 4.5 inch birds with short, red bills. Males are chestnut in color with breasts that are black with white stripes
  81. Reptiles, some species of which may produce poisonous bites by injecting venom.
  82. small mammals (usually six inches and one pound) with long snouts and short ears and legs. They have spines along the back.
  83. The most popular of caged birds. Only slight differences in coloration between male and female. May live 15-20 years with good care.
  84. Rodents with long, pointed noises, round ears, plump bodies, and long tapering tails. Average weight fo rmales is 450-520 g; for females it is 250-300 g.
  85. Mammals with oval-shapred heads and 40 teeth, short necks, and long bodies, related to otters, skunks, and weasels.
  86. Smalll birds, very popular with owners. Approximately 5.5 inches long and known for their singing, which is only done by the males.
  87. Common pets in th rodent family. Average adult weight is 85-150 g. Very short tails and cheek pouches.
  88. Very large birds (up to 36 inches) with a long, pointed tails accounting for up to half the bird's total length. Available in hyacinthine, blue and gold, scarlet and military species.
  89. shelled reptiles represented by numerous species. Some of which are aquatic whiles others are adapted to the land. Some are endangered species and illegal as pets. The box variety is the most common pet form.
  90. Mammals characterized by soft fur and prominent ears. Usually walk by hopping, but are capable of fast bursts of speed when chased.
  91. Medium sized birds (typically 15 inches) with relatively long life spans. Males adn females are identical in appearance. Usually green with yellow on the head. Short, multi-colored tail. Known for its ability to mime.
  92. Small rodents that are popular as pets. Tails have fewer scales than those of rats. Average adult weight is 20-40 g,
  93. Large lizards which are popular as pets. Color changes from bright green to gray-green with maturity. May be six feet long as adults, with the tail accounting for more than half this legnth. Tail is used for defense.
  94. Popular household birds. Medium in size, measuring about 12 inches long. Has a long tail and pointed crest on its head. Usually light gray in color. Males have yellow faces and orange cheeks; females have a touch of color on the face and cheeks are duller that the male's.
  95. Relatively large for a mammalian pet, these recently popular animals are closely rleated to larger varieties of th esame species which are raised as food animals. May weigh 35-100 pounds. Hair color may be black, white, or black with white patches
    pot-bellied pig
  96. Frequent movie stars, these birds are medium in size, 17-18 inches in legnth. Usually white or very light pastel colors. Some species, though, may be black. Short tails and large crests.
  97. Rodents with broad heads and round hindquarters. Average length is 10 inches. Short legs, four toes on front feet, three toes on back feet. No visibale tail.
    Guinea Pigs
  98. Control the head first by grasping the subject at the base of the head. It may help to use a blexiglas tube to accomplish this task safely.
  99. Never lift this subject by the hind legs
    Pot-Bellied Pigs
  100. These animals can be picked up safely by either cuppign your hadns around themo or by scooping them into a paper cup.
  101. To restrain this animal, grab it by the base of the tail and allow it to stand on your other palm. They may beheld, but not lifted, by the scruff.
  102. Watch out for the beak! Turn out the lights and reach into the cage to get your index finger and your middle finger on either side of the subject's neck.
  103. When carrying this animal, you can scruff it at the back of the neck, but be sure to support its hindquarters with your other hand.
  104. Remove this animal sfrom its cage by grasping the base of its tail and lifting it onto the exam table. For restrait, grasp the subject around the rib cage, just under the forelimbs, but do not squeeze.
  105. Handling and restraining this class of animals requires that you understand the different species that may frequent your clinic because different species require differernt techniques. For some you should have damp hands.
  106. Minimal restraint should be used with these animals. Remember, however, they are very fast and can twist and maneuver easily -- and they have very sharp teeth.
  107. With these patients, you must avoid the beaks and the claes. Never wear cloves as they make it difficult for you to feel the pressure you are applying.
  108. Never pick these animals up by the tip of the tail, because the skin of the tail can be easily pulled off.
  109. Get hit by this animal's tail and you will surely have a whelp or bruise.
  110. These animals tend to be very docile. Grasp their bodies with one hand and support the hindquarters with the other.
    Guinea Pigs
  111. If frightened, this animal may just curl up inot a prickly little ball
  112. You can do harm if you try to hold htis animal by the middle or tip of its tail. Instead, using one hand, grasp the base of the tail and crook your figers around to control the hind legs. Then place the other hand over its back to add control.
  113. These critters are easy to handle safely. Just be aware that some do bite. So use towels to cover the head, then grasp the subject by its hind legs or tail.
  114. Make sure you wash your hands before handling this animal; they may still smell of the mouse you held earlier. This animal may then mistake your hands or fingers for its lunch.
  115. When restraining this animal, always have one hadn holding it under the thorax while the other hand is supporting its tail.
  116. These animals are often obese with very short necks, so there is hardly a good place to grasp them. Use a towl or a leash and harness to restrain them. Look out for the bite.
    Prairie Dogs
  117. Put this animal on top of its cage or other wire mesh surface. Gently pull its tail and it will grasp at the mesh. You can then easily grasp it by the scruff of the neck.
  118. To safely handle this animal, dim the lights in the room and place a towl over its head. Wrap another towel around its body and hold it close to your body to limit its freedom of movement.
  119. These animals are very senstive and easily frightened. they may try to escape by kicking out with their back feet, and this can cause them injury.
  120. Not only may these animals give you a painful or even poisonous bite, they sometimes carry salmonella. Handle with care.
  121. These animals can be held by thier scruff, but should not be carried by it. Apply additional restraint by encircling its thorax area with your thumb and forefinger.
  122. The skins on this animal is extremely delicate. Certainly with some species, you shoul davoid touching the skin if all possible. Even minor handling can do major damage.
  123. Anothe rrestaining method with this animal is to hold it in a baseball grip over the top of its pectoral and pelvic region. Use your elbow to support its tail.
  124. These little animals are prone to seizures. So, avoid sudden movements or loud noises. Excessive stimulation can cause a seizure to occur.
  125. Rabbit life span
    5-10 years
  126. Pot-bellied Pigs life span
    15-25 years
  127. Hedgehog lifespan
    8-10 years
  128. Chinchillas life span
    20 years
  129. Rat life span
    1-3.5 years
  130. Mice life span
    1-3 years
  131. Gerbils life span
    2-5 years
  132. Hamster life span
    2-3 years
  133. Guinea Pigs life span
    4-8 years
  134. Prairie Dogs life span
    10 years
  135. Passerine physical characteristics
    • Straight beaks
    • Foot: three toes on front, one on back
  136. Psittacine physical characteristics
    • Curved beaks
    • Foot: two toes on front, two on back
  137. Canaries
    (which bird order?)
  138. Finches
    (which bird order?)
  139. Parakeets
    (which bird order?)
  140. Parrots
    (which bird order?)
  141. Cockatoos
    (which bird order?)
  142. Cockatiels
    (which bird order?)
  143. Macaws
    (which bird order?)
  144. Heifer
    young female cow that has never had a calf
  145. Bull
    uncastrated adult male cow
  146. Calf
    young cow or bull
  147. Gestation time of Cattle
    276 to 283 days
  148. Cows that originate from India
    Bos Indicus
  149. Bos Indicus Characteristics
    • Heat tolerant
    • Resistant to ticks
    • Often used to cross breed for their meat heartiness
    • Large hump on back
    • Long dewlap
    • Pendulous prepuce
    • Droopy ears
  150. Cows that orginate from Europe
    Bos Taurus
  151. Bos Taurus Characteristics
    • No pedulous dewlap or prepuce
    • Most are dairy breeds
  152. This cow is bos ___________.
    bos Indicus
  153. This cow is bos ___________.
    bos Taurus
  154. Holstein - Dairy Cow
  155. Jersey - Dairy Cow
  156. Guernsey - Dairy Cow
  157. Ayrshire - Dairy Cow
  158. Brown Swiss - Dairy Cow
  159. Hereford - Beef Cow
  160. Longhorn - Beef Cow
  161. Angus - Beef Cow
  162. Brahman - Beef Cow
  163. Beefmaster - Beef and Milk Cows
  164. Shorthorn - Beef and Milk Cows
  165. Horse color - Bay
    Black mane, tail, and stockings
  166. Horse color - black
    Black everything
  167. Horse color - Blue Roan
    Mixture of black hair and white on grey body. Usually darker on head and sock area.
  168. Horse color - Brown
    • Black mane and tail, brown or black body.
    • Light areas at the muzzle, eyes, flank, and inside legs.
  169. Horse color - Buckskin
    Yellowish/Gold body, Black mane and tail
  170. Horse color - Chestnut
    Mane, body, and tail are same color
  171. Horse color - Palomino
    Golden Yellow body, White tail and mane
  172. Horse color - Dun
    • Yellow/Gold body, Black, brown, or red mane and tail.
    • Dorsal Stripe: Zebra-like stripe on dorsal and legs.
    • Is both a color and a breed
  173. Horse Color - Sorrell
    Red mane, tail and body. Redder than the chestnut
  174. Breed
  175. Breed
    American Quarter Horse
  176. Breed
  177. Breed
  178. Breed
    Tennessee Walker
  179. Breed
  180. Breed
    Shetland Pony
  181. Breed
    Miniature Horse
  182. Breed
  183. Ponies
    Under 14.2 hands, 500-900 pounds
  184. Mare
    Female horse
  185. Stallion
    Uncastrated Male horse, 4+ years
  186. Foal
    Unweaned horse
  187. Filly
    Weaned female horse up to 3 years old
  188. Colt
    Weaned male
  189. Yearling
    Horse between 1-2 years old
  190. Estrus time frame
    The horse is in heat 3-7 days
  191. Gestation of a horse
    335 days