Chapter Nine

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Anonymous
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180717
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Chapter Nine
Updated:
2012-10-30 00:05:23
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Language Development
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  1. A form of communication, whether spoken, written or signed that is based on a system of symbols.
    Language
  2. The ability to produce an endless number of meaningful sentences using a finite set of words and rules.
    Infinite generativity
  3. The sound system of a language, which includes the sounds used and rules about how they may be combined.
    Phonology
  4. The rule system that governs how words are formed in language
    Morphology
  5. The ways words are combined to form acceptable phrases and sentences
    Syntax
  6. The meaning of words and sentences
    Semantics
  7. The appropriate use of language in different contexts
    Pragmatics
  8. The use of short, precise words without grammatical markers such as articles, auxiliary verbs, and other connectives.
    Telegraphic speech
  9. A process that helps explain how young children learn the connection between a word and its referent so quickly
    Fast mapping
  10. Knowledge about language
    Metalinguistic awareness
  11. An approach that emphasizes that reading instruction should focus on phonics and its basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds
    Phonics approach
  12. An approach that stresses that reading instruction should parallel children's natural language learning. Reading materials should be whole and meaningful.
    Whole-language approach
  13. An implied comparison between two unlike things
    Metaphor
  14. The use of irony, derision, or wit to expose folly or wickedness.
    Satire
  15. A variety of language that is distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, or pronunciation.
    Dialect
  16. An area of the brain's left frontal lobe that is involved in speech production and grammatical processing
    Broca's area
  17. An area of hte brain's left hemisphere that is involved in language comprehension
    Wernicke's area
  18. A disorder resulting from brain damage to Brica's area or WErnicke's area that involves a loss or impairment of the ability to use or comprehend words.
    Aphasia
  19. Chomsky's term that describes a biological endowment that enables the child to detect the features and rules of language, including phonology, syntac, and semantics.
    Language acquisition device
  20. Language spoken in a higher pitch than normal, with simple words and sentences
    Child-directed speech
  21. Rephrasing a statement that a child has said, perhaps turning it into a question, or restating the child's immature utterance in the form of a fully grammatical utterance.
    Recasting
  22. Restating, in a linguistically sophisticated form, what a child has said.
    Expanding
  23. Identifying the names of objects
    Labeling

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