Feeling, or affect, that occurs when people are engaged in an interaction that is important to them, especially one that influences their well-being.
Emotions that are present in humans and other animals, and emerge early in life; examples are joy, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust.
Emotions that require self-awareness, especially consciousness and a sense of "me"; examples include jealousy, empathy, and embarrassment.
A rhythmic pattern usually consisting of a cry, a briefer silence, a shorter inspiratory whistle that is higher pitched than the main cry, and then a brief rest before the next cry.
A cry similar to the basic cry but with more excess air forced through the vocal cords.
A sudden appearance of loud crying without preliminary moaning, and a long initial cry followed by an extended period of breath holding.
A smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli. It happens during the month after birth, usually during sleep.
A smile in response to an external stimulus, which, early in development, typically is a face.
An infant's fear of an wariness toward strangers; it tends to appear in the second half of the first year of life.
Occurs when infants experience a fear of being separated from a caregiver, which results in crying when the caregiver leaves.
Involves individual differences in behavioral styles, emotions, and characterstic ways of responding
A temperament style in which the child is generally in a positive mood, quickly esablishes regular routines, adn adapts easily to new experiences.
A temperament style in which the child tends to react negatively and cry frequently, engages in irregular daily routines, and is slow to accept new experiences.
A temperment stuyle in which the child has a low activity level, is somewhat negative, and displacs a low intensity of mood.
The match between a child's temperament and the environmental demands the child must cope with.
Goodness of fit
"Reading" emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a particular situation
A close emotional bond between two people
Ainsworth's observational measure of infant attachment to a caregiver, which requires the infant to move through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with the caregiver and an adult stranger in a prescribed order.
Babies who use the caregiver as a secure base from which to explore their environment
Securely attached babies
Babies who show insecurity by avoiding the mother.
Insecure avoidant babies
Babies who might cling to the caregiver, then resist her by fighting against the closeness, perhaps by kicking or pushing away
Insecure resistant babies
Babies who show insecurity by being disorganized and disoriented.