Lecture Notes

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jguzman26
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180766
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Lecture Notes
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2012-11-30 15:40:30
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Exam Three
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Baroque
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  1. Nicolas Pussin embodies the full Italian Baroques spirit. He does not want to take the viewer back into antiquity.

    T or F
    False... embodies the full spirit of the classsicism ...wants to take viewer back into antiquity.
  2. This artist was indifferent to Italian Baroque because it was not classical enough.
    N. Poussin
  3. Callot was the greatest french painter of the 17th century. He was the first to receive any international fame.

    T or F
    False! N Poussin
  4. Define the Dorian Mode
    Things that are stable grave,severe, solemn and austere
  5. This french artist believed that artist's must appeal to the mind/intellect and not on emotion. He develops form and composition over color . He's an intellectual artist.
    Poussin
  6. His work is commited the Bolognese and Rafael's standards of antiquity. He sets out to revive the life of antiquity. There is serenity  in work.
    Poussin
  7. Around mid-17th century landscapes become a dominate theme in his work.
    Poussin
  8. This artist's work is characterized by constrained emotion.
    Poussin
  9. This artist showed us two different style of work. His early work is considered stypical to his more mature works. His early works show traces of Titian color and movement.
    Poussin
  10. To truly understand Claud Lorraine's paintings one must be familiar with the art and literature of antiquity.

    T or F
    False. Poussin
  11. This french artists mainly painted landscapes. He brings out the idealisict aspects of landscapes. His paintings tended to represent man living in harmony with nature.
    Claude Lorraine
  12. In Poussin's paintings he focuses on the elusive quality of light and mood.

    T or F
    False
  13. His landscapes characterized aren by relaxed muted tones – not coloristic like Poussin. They can be remarkably indifferent to the real world itself.
    Claude Lorraine
  14. De La Tour was supremely different form Italian Baroque but lived and painted in Rome.

    T or F 
    Poussin
  15. Through him the king favored reserved tradition. The king's taste becomes taste of all- classicism as opposed to lavish Italian Baroque style.
    Jean Baptiste Colbert
  16. Classicism comes to be thought of as a French standard.

    T or F
    True
  17. While Vermeer was interested in natural daylight, this french artist was interested in artificial illumination.
    Georges de la Tour
  18. This artist is not the most important french painter but he is one of the first important painter of the 17th century.
    Georges de la Tour
  19. Poussin is the most important french painter of the 17th century.

    T or F
    True!
  20. This artist's figures looks like (creepy) wax mannequins.
    De La Tour
  21. De La Tour came into contact with Caravaggios indirectly through the Netherlands.

    T or F
    T
  22. Poussin gives insight into the inner life of his figures while De La Tour does not give any.

    T or F
    False. The opposite is true ... De La Tour gives insight ...Poussin doesn't
  23. There is a supernatural calmness that pervades his pictures. He's still interested in drama.
    De La Tour
  24. De La Tour's mature style is characterized by the extravagance of form.

    T or F
    False. characterized by extreme simplification of forms
  25. His work was rediscovered in the 20th century ( he had that in common with Vermeer). He went unnoticed 300 years after his death.
    De La Tour
  26. Caracci's classicism is popular is France.

    T or F
    True
  27. This artist was under Caravagio's influence but drops it. After his arrival in Paris he modifies his style and moves into a classical style because its more fashionable.
    Simon Vouet
  28. Classical Baroque is characterized by subdued color as well as drama.

    T or F
    True
  29. Louis Le Nain has a bright and vibrant palette.

    T or F
    False ! Palette is dark and dingy.
  30. His art shows us the tradition of realism in spite of French proclivity towards classicism.
    L. Le Nain
  31. This french painter portrays figures with dignity – similar to Ribera.  The most sensitive painter in France when it came to painting peasants and genre scenes. His figures have an intense glare.
    L. Le Nain
  32. His fame today rests on showing his peaseant genres with realism.
    Le Nain
  33. This frenchy shows us universal devastation of war from a documentary perspective. His technical and aesthetic achievements have great influence through the centuries- even now.
    Jacques Bellage (J. Bellange)
  34. This frenchy shows us universal devastation of war from a documentary perspective.
    Callot
  35. First french printmaker to aquire international influence. He was greatest graphic artist of all time. He led the development of graphic arts throughout Europe. He would gain popularity for 300 years.
    Jacques Callot (Callot)
  36. This artist's works like they were painted in the early morning or late evening.While working in classicaltradition of landscape he studies actual light and atmospheric nuances ofnature
    Claude Lorrain
  37. Lorrain invents the seaport picture.

    T or F
    True
  38. Claude Lorrain was the most notable landscape painter in Italy.

    T or F
    True
  39. These two artists established landscape painting as highly desirable.  
    Poussin and Claude Larrain
  40. This artist was less succesfful in France yet influenced French painters in the early 18 and 19th century.
    Claude Lorrain
  41. There was no first rank landscape painter after this french painter.
    C. Lorrain
  42. Hyacinthe Rigaud was influenced by Anthony van Dyke.

    T or F
    True
  43. He doesn’t really become Rococo painter.
    H. Rigaud
  44. Most of french classical architecture was built for the religous  sphere.

    T or F
    False
  45. France maintains a cautious selectivity towards the Italian baroque; they keep it at a distance.

    T or F
    True
  46. French Royal Academy was founded by Francois Mansart in the mid 17th century.

    T or F
    False. Founded by JB Colbert
  47. His style will become the hallmark of French classical/baroque architecture.
    Francois Mansart
  48. He was the best known of the classical architects in his time.
    Francois Mansart (F.Mansart)

  49. These three french architects worked on the Louvre.
    C. Perrault (east facade) , Louis Le Vau , Charles Le Brun
  50. Louis the XIV initially chose Bernini for this project. But the French didn’t like Italian baroque.
    The Louvre
  51. This architectural work culminates a new and architectural formula. This variation of roman temple façade is  thefirst great monument of French Classical Baroque architecture.
    The Louvre
  52. Charles Le Brun is the director of The French Academy. He's a "poussinist!"

    T or F
     
    True
  53. The first phase of the Garden facade of the Palaceof Versailles was done by ____________, the second phase by _____________.
    • 1. Louis Le Vau
    • 2. Jules Mansart
  54. He was the leading the leading French architect at the END of the 17th century.
    Jules Mansart (Francois Mansart's nephew)
  55. Continuity of classical french baroque  is seen most in architecture.

    T or F
    False. Sculpture
  56. He is the most interesting of the french sculptors of this period. His work goes together with Francois Mansart's architecture. They are each others parallels.
    Jacques Sarrazin
  57. Greatest sculptur of the century after Bernini!
    Pierre Puget
  58. The northern part of France had a strong italian influence.

    T or F
    False! Southern France
  59. This sculptor learned a great deal from oberservation,  Bernini and Michelangelo.
    Pierre Puget
  60. His style was counter to the kings traditional classical taste. He lost popularity at the court. (He's from southern part of France.)
    Pierre Puget
  61. This french sculptor is responsible for the new type of freestanding dramatic tomb. He created the prototype for royal equestrian monuments.
    Francois Girardon
  62. His classicism was so pure it seems to hark back to Phidias
    Frances Girardon
  63.  He was arbitor of taste for the king.
    Charles Le Brun
  64. He administarted the garden project at Versailles.
    Andre Le Notre
  65. The best painters in England were from Spain.

    T or F
    F. from Flanders
  66. Not until 18th century does England develop a school of painting

    T or F
    True
  67. The dutch had a lot of architectural development.

    T or F
    False. England
  68. At the beginning of the 17th century , England's architectural development owes it ________. At the end of the century England owes it to ____________.
    • Indigo Jones
    • Christopher Wren
  69. At the beginning of the 17th century this english architect  is paladian not baroque.
    Indigo Jones
  70. This english architect also was a stage and interior designer.
    Indigo Jones
  71. First man in England to apply italian renaissance forms to the whole building – brought it into England. He freely uses the elements of roman architecture.
    Indigo Jones
  72. This english architect submitted a design 6 days after the fires in England.
    Christopher Wren
  73. Every other church was built based on this architect's design/ The aim in design was to create a landmark and a place of worship. He is English baroque!
    Christopher Wren
  74. All thru 18- 19th century this was the most visible landmark.
    S Paul's Cathedral
  75. All of the 18th century artists are limited and nothing was remotely new- maybe rococo but it was seen as a subdued version of the baroque style.

    T or F
    True
  76. Baroque in England is founded by ________ and continued by his pupils, Hawkmore and Vanbrugh.
    Christopher Wren
  77. The preface in Palladio's book stimulated this stylistic change in this  artist's architecture.
    Richard Boyle
  78. Palladian classicism prevails in english architecture then is displaced by neoclassicism mid century (18th).

    T or F
    True
  79. Introduces baraoque elements architecture into England.
    James Gibbs
  80. James Gibbs has the greatest examples of Georgian architecture.

    T or F
    False. John Wood Jr.
  81. New Rococo style is french . It appears primarily as a style of interior design – not as painting.

    T or F
    True
  82. Roccoco is most visible in paintings.

    T or F
    False. More seen in interiors
  83. The exterior of Roccoco architecture are simple; the interiors are exhuberant.

    T or F
    True
  84. He was the forerunner of french interior design.
    Germain Boffrand
  85. Flanders was the artistic center of Europe.

    T or F
    False. France
  86. Perhaps the painter above all other associated with French Rococo. He is flemish and his style is refinement of Rubens. His early works are military scenes.
    Antoine Watteau
  87. Charles Le Brun was a Reubenist.

    T or F
    False. Poussinist - form over color
  88. Poussinists choose form over color.

    T or F
    True
  89. Antoine Watteau was a Reubinist.

    T or F
    True
  90. This style was established on the venetian's color.
    Rococo
  91. Who are the three great genii of the french baroque?
    Watteau , Boucher , Fragonard
  92. He is a master of  french technique. He uses a combo of red, black and white chalk on tinted paper.
    A. Watteau
  93. This french baroque painter depicts aristocratic society in idealistc ways.
    Antoine Watteau
  94. This french painter was the most successful and highly painter regarded after Watteau.
    Francois Boucher
  95. Melancholy is always depicted in the 18th c period.

    T or F
    False. It is rarely depicted
  96. These words describe Boucher's work : charm, sensuosness, serene,  sweet presentation.

    T or F
    True
  97. His style personified the taste of the century.
    Boucher
  98. _______________ is one of the founding members of the British Royal Academy.
    Richard Wilson
  99. Who founded the British Royal Academy?
    Josh Reynolds
  100. He is first major british landscape painter- inspired Constable and Turner.
    Richard Wilson
  101. He was probably the epitome of French 18c painting.
    Fragonard
  102. In his paintings, the bodies of the women are twisted like the branches of trees and so it is integrated with nature. It is more frivolous. Soft and floating figures. His brush strokes are momentary and quick. It clearly points to 19th century.
    Fragonard
  103. Boucher and Fragonard show erotic beauty.

    T or F
    True
  104. This painter shows courtship in four different painted scenes.
    Fragonard
  105. Fragonard's most famous painting is __________ . The lover pointing his finger shows the erotic feeling in the picture


    The Swing
  106. The french rococo style stays in France.

    T or F
    F.  It penetrates Germany and London.
  107. Francois de Cuvillies was French Rococo mixed with German Baroque.

    T or F
    True
  108. This italian painter was the supreme venetian master of this period. He was venetian rococo but also worked in northern Italy, Germany and Spain.
    Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
  109. This italian painter maintains unequal immenence for 50 years.
    Giovannu Battista Tiepolo
  110. Giovanni B. Tiepolo's (Tiepolo) frescoes were his most famous works.

    T or F
    True
  111. These two italian view painters painted detailed landscape scenes. They started the commercialization of landscape scenes.
    P. Batoni and Canaletto
  112. This italian painter was one of the most successful venetian view painters. He was a commercial success.
    Canaletto
  113. Loose brushstrokes and otherworldiness is a mark of Canaletto's style.

    T or F
    Falso! Precision and detail is characteristic of his work.
  114. While Canaletto carries the renaissance precision tradition this italian painter doesn’t.He points forward to capture one brief impressionist moment; he's proto-impressionist.
    Francesco Guardi (Guardi)
  115. He is the last of the great venetian painters.
    Guardi
  116. This italian painter was appealed to french taste. His view paintings have theatrical character.
    Giovanni P. Panini (G.Panini)
  117. Unlike dutch painters, who were interested in the land and sky, view painters were concerned with the architectural setting and the space it creates.

    T or F
    True
  118. Rosalba Carriere was a french rococo artist.

    T or F
    False. She is a venitian rococo artist.
  119. Among the italian schools of painting only those of Rome move into the 18th century.

    T or F
    Falso! Only the schools in Venice ...
  120. When it comes to the art portraiture, those of England prevailed over Rome and France.

    T or F
    True
  121. The Grand Manner
    an aesthetic style describes paintings that incorporated visual metaphors in order to suggest noble qualities, painters should perceive their subjects through generalization and idealization, rather than by the careful copy of nature.
  122. The Grand Manner was big on color. The style wanted to appeal to the emotions rarther than the intellect.

    T or F
    Falso! It focused on appealing to the viewer through the intellect not through color.
  123. These two english men dominate portraiture in the second half of the 18th century.
    Gainsborough and Reynolds
  124. Who founded the Grand Manner ?
    Joshua Reynolds
  125. When was the British Royal Academy founfded?
    Late 18th century
  126. This english artist wrote was the first to formulate an art theory.
    Joshua Reynolds
  127. Joshua Reynolds excelled in children portraiture.

    T or F
  128. True
  129. Thomas Gainsborough was more influential painter in the 18th c. than Joshua Reynolds.

    T or F
    True
  130. Gainsborough was more interested in portraiture than landscape.

    T or F
    F. more interested in landscape but there was no market for it
  131. This 18th c. english painter inspired a generation of plen-air painters. He was more interested in landscape than portraiture.Landscape was his hobby and portraiture was his vocation.
    Gainsborough
  132. This 18th c. english painter depicted scientific discovery and experiments.
    Joseph Wright of Derby
  133. In the middle part of the 18th c. , this  artist was one of the most distinguisged portrait painters in France.
    Francois Hubert Drouais
  134. Jean Antoine Houdon was not interested in precision.

    T or F
    False. He was super interested in precision. Napoleon doesn't like his work.
  135. This 18th c. french artist was called the "poet of the commonplace." He is rococo chronologically but not stylistically. He depcited ordinary persian life.
    Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
  136. William Hogarth (English) is one of the greatest portrait painters ever.

    T or F
    F. one of greatest engravers
  137. This english engraver founded the New British School. He was at his best in portraits and morlity based scenes.
    William Hogarth
  138. During the mid 18th and 19th century satire was arriving on the scene in England.

    T or F
    True
  139. In France , satirical engraving stands alone- no other country has been allowed the complete freedom to be satirical.

    T or F
    F. In England
  140. William Hogarth depicted descriptive moral scenes humourously.

    T or F
    True
  141. These two 18th c. english artists wanted their audience to improve their lives ethically, socially, and morally.
    • W. Hogarth
    • JB Greuze
  142. This american 18th c. painter is a transionary artist- leads directly to 19th c. battle scenes.
    Benjamin West
  143. The English and German hate the gothic style.

    T of F
    False. They love it
  144. This style was considered perpendicular. By 1740s this style was popular.
    English Gothic
  145. Greek architecture becomes poplular in late 18th c. Europe because of this book.
    Antiquities of Athens
  146. Who wrote the multibook "Antiquities of Athens?"
    James Stuart and Nicholas Revett
  147. This 18th c. french painter painted dramatic scenes of wild animals.
    George Stubbs
  148. This 18th c. french painter depicted nightmarish themes.
    John Henry Fuseli

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