Biology- Biodiversity + Sustainability

Card Set Information

Author:
Madeline
ID:
180947
Filename:
Biology- Biodiversity + Sustainability
Updated:
2012-10-31 08:55:17
Tags:
biology
Folders:

Description:
study
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Madeline on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Variables and Graphs
    • Independant: what we changed
    • Dependant: what is measured
    • Controlled: what is controlled
    • Interpolating graph: graphing the clear results
    • Extrapolating graph: guessing the end
  2. 5 Kingdoms
    •  
    • 1-  Fungi
    • 2- Bacteria
    • 3- Protista
    • 4- Plantae
    • 5- Animalia
  3. Fungi
    • Superkingdom: Eukaryotae
    • - Heterotrophic (eats something else)
    • - Rigid cell wall made of chitin

    Examples: mushrooms, lichens, moulds
  4. Bacteria
    • Superkingdom: Prokaryotae
    • - The lack the nuclei and chromosomes of eukaryotae cells
    • - Have smaller ribosomes
  5. Protista
    • - A diverse group
    • - Unicellular (mulitple)
    • - Aquatic environments
    • - Algae 'plant like' protists
    • - Protoza 'animal like' protists

    Examples: algae, diatoms, amoebas (protoza)
  6. Animalia
    • Phylum Roifera:
    • - Diverse group of small organisms
    • - Mostly freshwater, a few marine

    • Phylum Porifera:
    • - Lack organs
    • - All aquatic
    • - No nervous system
    • Examples- tube sponge, sponges

    • Phylum Cnidara:
    • - All are aquatic
    • - Two body forms
    • 1) Medusa: umbrella shaped
    • 2) Polyp: cylindrical or use tenticles as legs
    • Examples- Jelly fish, sea anemone

    • Phylum Platyhelminthes:
    • - Unsegmented body
    • - Flat body shape
    • Examples- tapeworms, liver fluke

    • Phylum Nematoda:
    • - Tiny, unsegemented roundworms
    • Examples- hook worms, stomach worms, lungworms

    • Phylum Annelida:
    • - Cylindrical, segmented body with chaetae (bristles)
    • Examples- earthworms, leeches

    • Phylum Echinodermata:
    • - Many spines
    • - Rigid body wall
    • - Tube Feet
    • - Water vascular system
    • Examples- starfish, sea urchin, sand dollar, sea cucumber

    • Phylum Mollusca:
    • - Soft bodied and unsegmented
    • - Rasping tongue (radula)
    • - Aquatic and Terrestrial
    • Class Bivalvia: Scallop
    • Class Gastropoda: Land Snail
    • Class Cephalopoda: Squid

    • Phylum Arthropoda:
    • - Can break them
    • - Exoskeleton
    • - Open circulation system
    • Class Crustacea: mainly marine, 3 mouthparts and gills often present. Examples- shrimp, crab.
    • Class Arachnida: all terrestrial. Examples- spider, scorpian and tic.
    • Class Insecta: capable of flight and mostly terrestrial.Examples- honeybee, butterfly, beetle.
    • Class Chilopoda: terrestrial, flattened body, posion clase, 1 leg per segement. Examples- centipedes.
    • Class Diplopoda: terrestial, rounded body, 2 legs per segement, feed on plants. Examples- millipedes.

    • Phylum Chordata:
    • - Backbone
    • - Dorsal notochord
    • Class Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish): skeleton of cartilage and are all aquatic. Examples- sharks, stringrays.
    • Class Osteichthyes (bony fish): all are aquatic. Examples- seahorse, herring.
    • Class Amphibia: aquatic and terrestrial, lungs in adult and gills in juveniles. Examples- frogs, toads.
    • Class Reptilia: teeth are all the same type, mostly terrestrial. Examples- crocodiles, sea turtle, lizards.
    • Class Aves (birds): terrestrial, strong, light skeleton. Examples penguin, kiwi, seagull.
    • Class Mammalia: hair or fur, teeth are all different types.
    • -monotremes: egg laying. Examples- platypus
    • -marsupials: give birth to live immature young. develop in a pouch. Examples- wallaby
    • -placentals: have a placenta and give birth to live well developed young. Examples- dolphin

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview