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DoD Directive 1350.2 defines religion as ―A personal set or institutionalized system of attitudes, morals, ethical beliefs, and practices that are held with the strength oftraditional religious values, characterized by ardor and faith, and generally evidenced through specific religious observances. What kind of definition is this?
c. The kind that tells us what religion is
d. The kind that tells us what a belief is
Common religious accommodation requests
Time off for religious observances, rituals, holidays
pg 258 - 259
Five factors that commanders and EOAs should consider when trying todetermine whether to grant a request for accommodation.
Importance of Military Requirement: Ops Tempo, Deployed, threat of disease, disciplinary issues, unit cohesion, standards, readiness, DoDI 1300.17 urges commanders to think yes first, rather than no.
Importance to Requester: paramount/pressing issue, is time a factor, can request be accommodated at a different time or by a different means, requested before
Cumulative Impact: domino effect within unit (guard against this sort ofunhelpful speculation, consider each request individually)
Alternatives: be creative, ask requester. eg., can Roman Catholic chaplain or lay leader come to unit
Previous Treatment of Similar Requests: talk to other EOAs or chaplains for previous handling
pg 260 - 261
7 types of religious discrimination
Religious jokes and slurs
Ignoring and indifference
pg 263 - 264
What kind of religious discrimination is when another person's religious practice or values—dissimilar to one's own are treated as less important. This can translate into denial of that person's opportunity to practice his/her own beliefs, or a tendency to think a person is trying to gain special privileges.
What type of religious discrimination may start off with ―A rabbi, a priest, and a Buddhist monk walk into a bar, etc
Religious jokes and slurs
Overtly or covertly requiring a person to participate in a religious service or public prayer, such as when commanders opentheir staff meetings with prayer, is what kind of religious discrimination.
The belief that Jews are argumentative is an example what kind of reglious discrimination
Refusing to associate with people because of their religious beliefs is what kind of religious discrimination.
Failing to recognize and address legitimate religious needs, such as providing alternative services or considering the religious or worship needs of individuals of faith, or the needs of those with no faith, or
lack of concern for those with religiously-focused concerns, to include those who wish to be free from religion is what type of religious discrimination.
Strategies that you can employ to ensure you can discuss religious accommodation and/or discrimination issues with your commander and other leaders with informed insight.
get together with a unit member whose faith is new to you, and learn what that person believes and practices.
Be aware of and capable to advise about religious issues
Research unit religious demographics, and keep commanders aware of issues thatpertain to the religious groups within your unit.
Be aware of and familiar with other faith groups and traditions—as well as concerns of nonreligious conflicts, big and small
Work with the unit chaplain
Ensure all unit members understand the overarching importance of the military mission.
Stress to commanders, other unit leaders, and members the importance of Compromise or Alternatives