Nutrition Test #3

Card Set Information

Nutrition Test #3
2012-10-31 23:07:35
Vitamins minerals

Chapter 10-13
Show Answers:

  1. Water Soluble Vitamins
    (B- Vitamins)
    • -Thiamin
    • -Riboflavin
    • -Niacin
    • -Biotin
    • -Pantothenic Acid
    • -Vitamin B12
    • -Folate
    • -Vitamin B6
    • -Vitamin C
  2. Fat Soluble Vitamins
    • -Vitamin A
    • -Vitamin D
    • -Vitamin E
    • -Vitamin K
  3. Vitamin D 
    (Fat soluble)
    -Functions: Mineralization of bones

    -Food Source: Margarine, butter, fortified milk, liver, beef, salmon, fatty fish & etc. 

    -Deficiency Effect: Rickets & Bowlegs (Children), Osteoporosis (Adults)
  4. Vitamin K(Fat Soluble)
    -Functions: Synthesis of blood clotting proteins

    -Food Source: Green leafy vegetables, milk, liver,& etc...

    -Deficiency Effect: Poor skeletal mineralization, hemorrhage.
  5. Vitamin A
    (Fat Soluble)
    -Functions: Vision 

    -Food Source: Fortified milk, cream, cheese, milk, butter, eggs, and liver, &etc.

    -Deficiency Effect: Hypovitaminosis A, Impaired bone growth and easily decayed teeth, xerosis, blindness.
  6. Vitamin E
    (Fat Soluble)
    -Functions: Antioxidants, stabilizing of cell membrane.

    -Food Source: Polyunsaturated oils (salad dressings, margarine, shortnenings), green leafy vegetables, whole grain, wheat germ, etc.

    -Deficiency Effect: Anemia, Erythocyte hemolysis, nerve damage
  7. Solubility
    Affects absorption, transport, and excretion
  8. Water soluble 
    • -Move directly into the blood.
    • -Most travel freely
  9. Fat Soluble
    • -Enter Lymph and then blood
    • -Require transport proteins
  10. Thaimin
    (Water Soluble)
    -Function: Part of coenzyme used in energy metabolism.

    -Food source: Soy milk, pork chop, squash, tomato juice.

    -Deficiency Effects: BeriBeri , enlarged heart , heart failure, anorexia, & etc.
  11. Riboflavin
    (Water Soluble)
    -Functions: Part of coenzyme used in energy metabolism 

    -Food Source: Milk products, yogurt, egg, liver, whole grain, mushrooms & etc.

    - Deficiency Effects: Ariboflavinosis (cracks and redness at corners of mouth), sore throat, &etc.
  12. Niacin
    -Functions: Part of coenzymes used in energy metabolism.

    -Food Source: Milk, eggs, meat, poultry, fish, whole-grain, & etc.

    -Deficiency Effects: Pellagra: diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, & Etc.
  13. Vitamin B6
    (Water soluble)
    -Functions: Part of coenzymes used in amino acids and fatty acids, helps make red blood cells.  

    -Fod Source: Meats, fish, poultry, potatoes, watermelon, liver, noncitrus fruits,&etc.

    -Deficiency Effects: Scaly dermatitis, anemia, depression.. 
  14. Folate
    (Water Soluble)
    - Functions: Part of coenzymes used in DNA Synthesis and therefore important in new cell formation.

    -Food Source: Leafy green vegetables, legumes, seeds, liver, enriched grains. 

    -Deficiency Effects: Anemia, smooth red tongu, mental confusion, weakness, fatigue, & etc. 
  15. Which Vitamins depend on each other for activation?
    Folate & B-12
  16. Vitamin B12
    (Water Soluble)
    -Functions: Part of coenzymes for new cell synthesis including blood synthesis.

    -Food Sources: Animal products of meat, fish, poulty, cheese, milk, & eggs. 

    -Deficiency Effects: Pernicious Anemia 
  17. Pantothenic Acid
    (Water Soluble)
    -Functions: Part of Coenzyme used in energy metabolism

    -Food Source: Chicken, beef, potatoes, oats, tomatoes, liver, egg, & etc. 

    -Deficiency Effects: Vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps; insomnia, fatique, hypoglycemia, &etc.
  18. Biotin
    (Water Soluble)
    -Functions: Part of coenzyme used in energy metabolism, fat synthesis, amino acids metabolsim, and glycogen synthesis.

    -Food Source: Liver, egg yolks, soy beans, fish , whole grains

    -Deficiency Effects: Depression, lethargy, hallucinations, numb, & etc.