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Water Soluble Vitamins
- -Pantothenic Acid
- -Vitamin B12
- -Vitamin B6
- -Vitamin C
Fat Soluble Vitamins
- -Vitamin A
- -Vitamin D
- -Vitamin E
- -Vitamin K
-Functions: Mineralization of bones
-Food Source: Margarine, butter, fortified milk, liver, beef, salmon, fatty fish & etc.
-Deficiency Effect: Rickets & Bowlegs (Children), Osteoporosis (Adults)
Vitamin K(Fat Soluble)
-Functions: Synthesis of blood clotting proteins
-Food Source: Green leafy vegetables, milk, liver,& etc...
-Deficiency Effect: Poor skeletal mineralization, hemorrhage.
-Food Source: Fortified milk, cream, cheese, milk, butter, eggs, and liver, &etc.
-Deficiency Effect: Hypovitaminosis A, Impaired bone growth and easily decayed teeth, xerosis, blindness.
-Functions: Antioxidants, stabilizing of cell membrane.
-Food Source: Polyunsaturated oils (salad dressings, margarine, shortnenings), green leafy vegetables, whole grain, wheat germ, etc.
-Deficiency Effect: Anemia, Erythocyte hemolysis, nerve damage
Affects absorption, transport, and excretion
- -Move directly into the blood.
- -Most travel freely
- -Enter Lymph and then blood
- -Require transport proteins
-Function: Part of coenzyme used in energy metabolism.
-Food source: Soy milk, pork chop, squash, tomato juice.
-Deficiency Effects: BeriBeri , enlarged heart , heart failure, anorexia, & etc.
-Functions: Part of coenzyme used in energy metabolism
-Food Source: Milk products, yogurt, egg, liver, whole grain, mushrooms & etc.
- Deficiency Effects: Ariboflavinosis (cracks and redness at corners of mouth), sore throat, &etc.
-Functions: Part of coenzymes used in energy metabolism.
-Food Source: Milk, eggs, meat, poultry, fish, whole-grain, & etc.
-Deficiency Effects: Pellagra: diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, & Etc.
-Functions: Part of coenzymes used in amino acids and fatty acids, helps make red blood cells.
-Fod Source: Meats, fish, poultry, potatoes, watermelon, liver, noncitrus fruits,&etc.
-Deficiency Effects: Scaly dermatitis, anemia, depression..
- Functions: Part of coenzymes used in DNA Synthesis and therefore important in new cell formation.
-Food Source: Leafy green vegetables, legumes, seeds, liver, enriched grains.
-Deficiency Effects: Anemia, smooth red tongu, mental confusion, weakness, fatigue, & etc.
Which Vitamins depend on each other for activation?
Folate & B-12
-Functions: Part of coenzymes for new cell synthesis including blood synthesis.
-Food Sources: Animal products of meat, fish, poulty, cheese, milk, & eggs.
-Deficiency Effects: Pernicious Anemia
-Functions: Part of Coenzyme used in energy metabolism
-Food Source: Chicken, beef, potatoes, oats, tomatoes, liver, egg, & etc.
-Deficiency Effects: Vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps; insomnia, fatique, hypoglycemia, &etc.
-Functions: Part of coenzyme used in energy metabolism, fat synthesis, amino acids metabolsim, and glycogen synthesis.
-Food Source: Liver, egg yolks, soy beans, fish , whole grains
-Deficiency Effects: Depression, lethargy, hallucinations, numb, & etc.