Physiology: organization of the human body

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Physiology: organization of the human body
2012-11-01 00:51:09
Physiology organization human body

Physiology: organization of the human body
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  1. Head:
    Oral cavity
    contains the teeth and tongue
  2. Head:
    Nasal cavity:
    located within the nose and divided into right and left portions by the nasal septum.
  3. Head:
    Orbital cavities
    contains the eyes and associated skeletal muscles and nerves
  4. head:
    middle ear cavities
    contains the middle ear and bones
  5. which compartments containt the lungs?
    thoracic compartments
  6. the walls of the right and left thoracic compartments are lined with a membrane called:
    parietal pleura
  7. the lungs themselves are lined with a membrance called
    visceral pleura
  8. where is the heart located?
    broadest portion of the mediastinum
  9. what is the heart surrounded by?
    pericardial membranes
  10. what's the lining membrance of the abdominal pelvic cavity called?
    peritoneal membranes
  11. Superior 
    body part is above another part or is closes to the head. 

    (thoracic cavity is superior to the abdominal cavity.)
  12. Inferior
    • body part is below another body part or is toward the feet.
    • (neck is inferior to the head.)
  13. Anterior
    a.k.a ventral

    • towards the front
    • (eyes are anterior to the brain.)
  14. Posterior 
    a.k.a dorsal

    towards the back.

    (the pharynx is posterior to the oral cavity.)
  15. medial
    imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves.

    (the nose is medial to the eyes)
  16. lateral
    means towards the side with respect to the imaginary midline

    (ears are lateral to the eyes.)
  17. proximal
    body part that's closer to a point of attachment than another body part

    (elbow is proximal to the wrist.)
  18. distal
    • body part is farther from a point of attachment thatn another body part
    • (fingers are distal to the wrist)
  19. superficial
    situated near the surface.

    (epidermis is superficial layer of the skin.)
  20. deep
    the heart is deeper than the skin.
  21. sagittal
    lengthwise cut hat divides the body into right and left portions.
  22. transverse
    cut that divides the body into superior  and inferior positions. 
  23. coronal 
    divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.