Events that require recording in the financial statements because they
affect assets, liabilities, or stockholders' equity.
(Transaction analysis is the
process of identifying the specific effects of economic events on the
An individual accounting record of increases and decreases in specific
asset, liability, stockholders' equity, revenue or expense items.
For example, Sierra Corporation has separate accounts for Cash, Accounts
Receivable, Accounts Payable, Service Revenue, Salaries Expense, and so
on. (Note that whenever we are referring to a specific account, we
capitalize the name.)
(See T Account for more details)
The basic form of an account.
In its simplest form, an account consists of three parts: (1) the title
of the account, (2) a left or debit side, and (3) a right or credit
side. Because the alignment of these parts of an account resembles the
letter T, it is referred to as a T
(See Account for more details)
The term ____ indicates the left side of an account, and ____
indicates the right side.
debit (left side); credit (right side)
They are commonly abbreviated as Dr. for debit and Cr. for credit. They do not mean increase or
decrease, as is commonly thought. We use the terms debit and credit repeatedly in the recording process to describe where entries are made in accounts. For example, the act of entering an amount on the left side of an account is called debiting the
account. Making an entry on the right side is crediting the account.
A system that records the dual effect of each transaction in appropriate
What are three basic steps in the transaction recording process?
1. Analyse each transaction in terms of its effect on the accounts
2. Enter the transaction information in a journal
3. Transfer the journal information to the appropriate accounts in the ledger (book of accounts)
An accounting record in which transactions are initially recorded in chronological order.
The most basic form of journal.
The group of accounts maintained by a company.
The ledger keeps in one place all the information about changes in
specific account balances.
A ledger that contains all asset, liability, stockholder's equity, revenue and expense accounts.
Chart of Accounts
A list of a company's accounts.
The procedure of transferring journal entry amounts to the ledger accounts.
A list of accounts and their balances at a given time.
What are three procedures for preparing a trial balance?
1. List the account titles and their balances
2. Total the debit column and total the credit column