Neuro wk2-rest.txt

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ambirc
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181184
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Neuro wk2-rest.txt
Updated:
2012-11-01 17:57:46
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Neuro wk2 rest
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Neuro wk2-rest.txt
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  1. Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
    • Acute sensory neruon inflammation by chicken pox virus
    • virus lives dormat in the vervous sytem san dis never fully cleared from the body (latency period)
    • viral reactivataon occurs due to emotional stress, weakended immune system, idiopathic
    • anyone who has every had chicken pox is at risk for developing shingles
    • common occurence in people over the age of 60
    • possible caused by chickenpox (varicella) vaccine
  2. Symptoms of Shningles
    • rash characterized by small water blisters
    • blisters fade, lesions dry, and become encrusted
    • sever itching and pain
    • possible scarring
  3. Treatment for Shingles
    • Palliative - to releave pain and itching
    • Preventative - chickenpx varicella vaccine
  4. Reye's Syndrome
    • Serious condition that causes swelling in the brina an dliver
    • tends to effect childern and teenagers recovering from viral infections
  5. Reye's Syndromec causes unknown
    • assoicated with use of aspriing during viral infection
    • children and teenagers recovering from chickenpx or flu-like symptoms should never take aspring
  6. Signs and symptoms of Reye's Syndrome
    Rash, vomiting , confusion, seizures, loss of consciousness, encephlopathy
  7. Treatment of Reye's Syndrome
    • early diagnose and treatment can save a child's life
    • IV fluids (glucose and electrolytes)
    • Diuretics (reduce intercranial pressure)
    • anit-seizure meds
    • meds to prevent bleeding ( VIt K, plasma, and platelets)
  8. Tetanus
    acute infection of the nervous system caused by potentially deadly bacillus bacerita Clostridium teani
  9. Teanus toxin causes
    • Spasm or rigid, contracted muscles of the jaw, lockjaw (trimus) affecting
    • breathing, swallowing, chest, neck, back, and abdominal muscles
    • tentany = prolonged rapid powerful and painful muscle contractions wich may lead to fractures and muscle tears
  10. C. teani
    enters deep tissues adn flourishes due to reduce oxygen levels
  11. incubation of Tetanus
    1 to 3 weeks
  12. Preventtion of Tetnus
    • active immunization with tetnaus toxid
    • provides protection for 10 years
    • booster admin every 10 years
  13. Treatment for Tetanus
    • antibotics
    • sedative-hypnotics
    • hyper bearic oxygen
  14. Brain abscesses
    • occur when bacteria or fungi infect part of the brain
    • swelling and inflamation enveloped by membrance creating a mass of infected brain cells white blood cells live and dead bacteria and fungi
  15. Sources of infection
    • are ofton not found; however the most common source is lung infection
    • other source include: middle ear infectiosn, sinus infections, endocarditis
  16. Symptoms of Brain abscesses
    headace fever, vomiting, letharfy, seizures and personality changes
  17. Diagnois of Brain abscesses
    • MRI and CT scan
    • lumbar puncture spinal tap to examine for increased cranial pressure and increased neuphils and lymphocytes
  18. Treatment for Brain abscesses
    • anitibotics
    • sugical drainage
    • support therapy
  19. Alzheimers
    • a progresive degeneration diseaase
    • incidence increase with age, while prevalence or risk doubles every 5 years
    • familial or genetic componet
  20. Coursed of Alzheimers
    • loss of mental capacity
    • loss of abiltiy to perform daily activities
    • becomes disabled and immoblilzed
    • usually succumns to pneumonia
  21. Diagnonis Alzheimers
    • no single test
    • other cause of symptoms need to be excluded
    • confirmed at autopsy
  22. Alzheimers treatment
    • Meds only slow do not cure but may improve daily life
    • Cholineserase inhibitors
    • NMDA
    • anxiolytics
    • sedative hypnotics
    • neurolyeptics
    • ]
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