HSII Ch. 11

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HSII Ch. 11
2012-11-01 20:55:29

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  1. which of the following substances is not part of the plasma?

    a. hormones
    b. salts
    c. nutrients
    d. wastes
    e. all of the above
    e. all of the above
  2. plasma protein
    most abundant type of solute in plasma
  3. types of plasam proteins
    albumins, glovulins, fibrogen
  4. albumins
    thicken & maintain blood volume
  5. globulins
    include anibodies that help protect from infections
  6. fibrogen
    necessary for blood clotting
  7. blood serum
    plasma minus clotting factors (fibrogen), contains antibodies
  8. normal volume of blood in an adult
  9. blood percentage of total body weight
  10. pernicious anemia is caused by
    a lack of vitamin b12
  11. hematocrit tests tells the physician the volume of
    red cells in a blood sample
  12. an example of a nongrandular leykocyte is a
  13. leukocytosis
    abnormally high WBC count
  14. leukpenia
    abnormally low WBC count
  15. a critical component of hemoglobin
  16. sickle cell anemia is caused by the production of 
    an abnormal type of hemoglobin
  17. the practice of using blood transfusions to increase oxygen delivery to muscles during athletic events is called blood __
  18. embolism
    circulating blood clot
  19. thrombsis
    stationary blood clot
  20. which of the following is not a granular leukocyte?

    A. neutrophil
    B. lumphocyte
    C. basophil
    D. eosinophiy
    B. lymphocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. red bone marrow forms all kinds of blood cells except some
    lymphocytes & monocytes
  22. myeloid tissue is not found in
    wrist bones
  23. lymphatic tissue is found in all of the following locations except
    a. lymph nodes
    b. thymus
    c. spleen
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  24. buffy coat
    WBCs & platelets
  25. hematocrit value for RBCs
  26. most oxygen transported in the blood is carried by
  27. most numerous of the phagocytes
  28. which of the following is not phagocytic?
    A. neutrophils
    B. monocytes
    C. eosinophils
    D. lymphocytes
    e. all of the above
    D. lymphocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. which cell functions in the immune process
  30. the organ that manufactures prothrombin is the
  31. which of the following vitamins acts to accelerate blood clotting
    vitamin k
  32. antigen
    a substance that can activate the immune system to make antibodies
  33. antibody
    a substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigen
  34. many antibodies react w/their antigens to clump or _____ them
  35. if a baby is born to an Rh-negative mother & Rh-positive father, it may develop
    erythroblastosis fetalis
  36. Rh is used because the antigen was first discovered in the blood of a 
    Rhesus monkeys
  37. _____ stops an Rh-negative mother from forming anti-Rh antibodies and thus prevents the possibility of harm to the next Rh-positive baby
  38. universal recipient
  39. universal donor
  40. fibrin
    final stage of clotting process
  41. hemoglobin
    oxygen-carrying mechanism of blood
  42. phagocytosis
    to engulf and digest microbes
  43. antigens
    substances that stimulte the body to make anitbodies
  44. heparin
    prevents clotting of blood
  45. anemia
    inability of the blood to carry sufficient oxygen
  46. two primary functions of blood
    transportation & protection
  47. which of the following is not a formed element?

    A. neutrophils
    B. blood serum
    C. platelets
    D. erythrocytes
    B. blood serum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. which of the following is not a granular leukocyte?

    A. basophil
    B. eosinophil
    C. neutrophil
    D. monocyte
    D. monocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. without adequate ____ in the diet, the body can't manufacture enough hemoglobin
  50. all of the follwoing are necessary for successful blood clotting except
    a/ platelets
    b. prothrombin
    c. fibrin
    d. heparin
    d. heparin
  51. function of WBC 
    defend the body from microorganisms
  52. an antibody may be defined as
    a. a substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigen
    b. a substance that reacts with the antigen that stimulated its formation
    c. a substance that causes antigens to agglutinate
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  53. erythroblastosis fetalis is now avoidable by treating all Rh-negative mothers who carry an Rh-positive baby with a protein marketed as
  54. polycthemia
    abnormally high RBC count
  55. hematopoiesis
    formation of new blood cells
  56. hemoglobin
    red pigment in RBCs reunite with oxygen to form oxyhemoglobin
  57. oxyhemoglobin 
    makes transportation of large amounts of oxygen to body cells possible
  58. hemoglobin + carbon dioxide=
  59. hemorrhagic anemia
    decrease in number of RBCs caused by hemorrhage (accidents or bleeding ulcers)
  60. aplastic anemia
    reduction of RBC numbers following destruction of blood forming elements in bone marrow
  61. aplastic anemia can be caused by
    exposure to chemicals, high doseirradation (x-rays), certain druge, & chemotherapy agents
  62. pernicious anemia
    deficincey in RBC from failure of stomach to produce intrinsic factor
  63. intrinsic factor
    allows vitamin B12 to be absorved from foods
  64. dehydration can result in
    erroneous test results